||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
Delon at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.
|Born||Alain Fabien Maurice Marcel Delon
8 November 1935
|Citizenship||French, Swiss (since 1999)|
|Spouse(s)||Nathalie Delon (m. 1964–69)
Rosalie van Breemen (m.1987–2002)
|Partner(s)||Romy Schneider (1959–63)
Mireille Darc (1968–82)
|Children||Christian Aaron Boulogne, born on
11 August 1962 |
Anthony Delon, born on 30 September 1964
Anouchka Delon, born on 25 November 1990
Alain Delon, Jr., born on 18 March 1994
Alain Fabien Maurice Marcel Delon (French: [alɛ̃ dəlɔ̃]; born 8 November 1935) is a French actor and businessman, with French-Swiss dual citizenship since 1999. He rose quickly to stardom, and by the age of 23 was already being compared with French actors such as Gérard Philipe and Jean Marais, as well as American actor James Dean. He was even called the male Brigitte Bardot. Over the course of his career, Delon has worked with many well-known directors, including Luchino Visconti, Jean-Luc Godard, Jean-Pierre Melville, Michelangelo Antonioni and Louis Malle.
Delon acquired Swiss citizenship on September 23, 1999, and the company managing products sold under his name is based in Geneva. He is a citizen of the community of Chêne-Bougeries in the canton of Geneva.
Delon was born in Sceaux, Seine (now Hauts-de-Seine), Île-de-France, a suburb of Paris. His parents, Édith (née Arnold) and Fabien Delon, divorced when Delon was four. Both remarried, and Delon has a half-sister and two half-brothers. His paternal grandmother was Corsican, from Prunelli-di-Fiumorbo. He attended a Roman Catholic boarding school, the first of several schools from which he was expelled because of unruly behavior. Teachers once tried to convince him to enter the priesthood because of his aptitude in religious studies.
At 14, Delon left school, and worked for a brief time at his stepfather's butcher shop. He enlisted in the French Navy three years later, and in 1953-54 he served as a fusilier marin in the First Indochina War. Delon has said that out of his four years of military service he spent 11 months in prison for being "undisciplined". In 1956, after being dishonorably discharged from the military, he returned to France. He had little money, and got by on whatever employment he could find. He spent time working as a waiter, a porter, a secretary and a sales clerk. During this time he became friends with the actress Brigitte Auber, and joined her on a trip to the Cannes Film Festival, where his film career would begin.
At Cannes, Delon was seen by a talent scout for David O. Selznick. After a screen test Selznick offered him a contract, provided he learn English. Delon returned to Paris to study the language, but when he met French director Yves Allégret, he was convinced that he should stay in France to begin his career. Selznick allowed Delon to cancel his contract, and Allégret gave him his debut in the film Quand la Femme s'en Mêle (When the Woman Butts In). Delon then appeared in the film Faibles Femmes (Weak Women/Three Murderesses). This was also the very first of his films to be seen in America, where it became a huge success.
In 1960, Delon appeared in René Clément's Purple Noon, which was based on the Patricia Highsmith novel The Talented Mr. Ripley. He played protagonist Tom Ripley to critical acclaim; Highsmith herself was also a fan of his portrayal. He then appeared in Luchino Visconti's Rocco and His Brothers. Critic Bosley Crowther of the New York Times said Delon's work was "touchingly pliant and expressive." John Beaufort in the Christian Science Monitor said:
- "Rocco's heartbroken steadfastness furnishes the film with the foremost of its ironic tragedies ... [I]ts believability rests finally on Mr. Delon's compelling performance."
Delon made his stage debut in 1961 in the John Ford play Tis Pity She's a Whore alongside Romy Schneider in Paris. Visconti directed the production. Delon would work with him again for Il Gattopardo (The Leopard). Delon also worked with Jean-Pierre Melville, who directed him in Un Flic, Le Cercle Rouge, and Le Samouraï.
In 1964, the Cinémathèque Française held a showcase of Delon's films and Delon started a production company, Delbeau Production, with Georges Beaume. They produced a film called L’insoumis, which had to be re-edited because of legal issues.
In the mid 1960s Delon attempted to become a star in America, appearing in a series of Hollywood-financed films, Is Paris Burning?, The Lost Command and Texas Across the River. He was quoted around this time as saying:
I don't know whether I'll succeed or not. If I were to concentrate on working entirely here and flop it would be a disaster for me in Europe. Everything would dissolve and I would have nothing. My dream is to do one picture a year in America and one in Europe... [But America is] the top, the last step. It's a kind of consecration... If you want to be an international star you must establish yourself in American pictures, because only they will get adequate world wide distribution. It takes only a year for an Americn star to become known throughout the world. But European actors consider it a big break to get their pictures shown in New York. Because of my accent I would not attempt to play Americans. I am working on removing the distinctly French inflections from my speech so that I can play all continental nationalities.
Delon then started his own production company, Adel, and starred in the company's first film, Jeff. Delon followed the success of the film with Borsalino, which became one of France's highest grossing films of the time.
In 1979 he stated only a quarter of his business activities involve films:
I have a helicopter business, build furniture, promote prize fights, and race horses... I star in two or three pictures a year in France. They make tremendous profits around the world. My pictures are the most popular in Russia. I am a superstar in Europe. I would like to be a star in America. In order to do so I would have to live and work in Hollywood. I can't do that. My Adel productions makes at least one film a year. I do everything from A to Z. I find a story, hire writers, choose a director, collect a cast, and then put it all together. I even handle the finances, distribution, and publicity. I refuse to accept the director who thinks himself a genius and tries to put his stamp on my films. It is my stamp that counts... I don't mean to sound egotistical. The simple truth is that I am an enormous star all over the world. I like that because it enables me to live well.
He was awarded the Best Actor César Award for his role in Bertrand Blier's Notre histoire (1984), and portrayed the aristocratic dandy Baron de Charlus in a film adaptation of Marcel Proust's novel Swann in Love in the same year.
Then followed a string of box office failures in the late 1980s and 1990s. One notable film during this time was Jean-Luc Godard's Nouvelle Vague in 1990, in which Delon played twins. Delon's last major role was in Patrice Leconte's Une chance sur deux in 1998, another box office disappointment.
Delon announced his decision to give up acting in 1997, although he still occasionally accepts roles.
Since the formation of a perfume label in his name, Delon has had a variety of products sold under his name including wristwatches, clothing, eyewear, stationery and cigarettes.
Delon's sunglasses brand became particularly popular in Hong Kong after actor Chow Yun-fat wore them in the 1986 crime film A Better Tomorrow (as well as two sequels). Delon reportedly wrote a letter thanking Chow for helping the sunglasses sell out in the region. The film's director John Woo has acknowledged Delon as one of his idols and wrote a short essay on Le Samourai as well as Le Cercle Rouge for the Criterion Collection DVD releases.
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (February 2012)|
On 20 March 1959, Delon was engaged to actress Romy Schneider, whom he met when they co-starred in the film Christine (1958). During their relationship, he had an affair with German actress, singer and model Nico. On 11 August 1962, Nico gave birth to a son, Christian Aaron "Ari", fathered by Delon. The child was raised mostly by Delon's parents.
In December 1963, Schneider and Delon decided to break the engagement. On 13 August 1964, Delon married Nathalie Barthélemy. Their son, Anthony Delon, was born in September. The couple divorced on 14 February 1969.
On October 1, 1968, in the village of Élancourt, Yvelines, on the western outskirts of Paris, the dead body of Stevan Markovic, ex-bodyguard of Delon, was found in a public dump. Alain Delon and a Corsican gangster Francois Marcantoni came under investigation. One of the factors pointing in that direction was a letter of Stevan Markovic to his brother Aleksandar where he wrote: "If I get killed, it's 100% fault of Alain Delon and his godfather Francois Marcantoni." Later, the investigation involved the former French Prime Minister (and later President) Georges Pompidou after a few press articles and a testimony of Borivoj Ackov. He testified that he was present at parties with the wife of Pompidou, Stevan Markovic and Alain Delon. The death of Stevan Markovic provoked a lot of rumors, suggesting the existence of group sex photos with Pompidou's wife. Pompidou himself accused Louis Wallon and Henri Capitant for using the French espionage service SDECE with an aim to set him up. After becoming President of the Republic, he named Alexandre de Marenches as the head of the SDECE in order to reform it. Assisted by Michel Roussin, his principal private secretary, de Marenches expelled a "secret agent" involved in investigation Jean-Charles Marchiani. 
In 1968, during the shooting of the film Jeff, he met French actress Mireille Darc with whom he started a 15-year relationship, lasting until 1982.
In 1987, Delon met Dutch model Rosalie van Breemen on the set of the music video for his song "Comme au cinéma" and started a relationship. They had two children: Anouschka (25 November 1990) and Alain-Fabien (18 March 1994). The relationship ended in October 2002.
During an interview in 2013 Delon came out in support of the French far-right political party National Front, saying "The National Front, like the MCG [Geneva Citizens’ Movement] in Geneva, is very important…I encourage it and I perfectly understand it".
Honours and cultural impacts
- At the 45th Berlin International Film Festival, he won the Honorary Golden Bear.
- At the 2008 César Awards on February 22, 2008, he presented the César Award for Best Actress to Marion Cotillard for La Vie En Rose.
- Delon appears on the cover of the 1986 album The Queen Is Dead by The Smiths.
- He was made Officier (Officer) of the Ordre national du Mérite in 1995.
- He was made Chevalier (Knight) of the Légion d'honneur on 21 February 1991. He was promoted to Officier (Officer) in 2005.
- The song "Beautiful Killer" on Madonna's twelfth studio album MDNA is a tribute to Delon.
|1957||Quand la femme s'en mêle||Jo||Yves Allégret|
|1958||Sois belle et tais-toi||Loulou||Marc Allégret|
|Christine||Franz Lobheiner||Pierre Gaspard-Huit||with Romy Schneider|
|1959||Faibles femmes||Julien Fenal||Michel Boisrond||with Mylène Demongeot|
|Le chemin des écoliers||Antoine Michaud||Michel Boisrond||with Bourvil and Lino Ventura|
|1960||Rocco and His Brothers||Rocco Parondi||Luchino Visconti||with Annie Girardot|
|Purple Noon (Plein Soleil)||Tom Ripley||René Clément||with Marie Laforêt|
|1961||The Joy of Living (Che gioia vivere)||Ulysse Cecconato||René Clément||nominated for the Palme d'Or 1961|
|Les Amours célèbres||Prince Albert||Michel Boisrond||anthology film|
|1962||Love at Sea (L'Amour à la mer)||a film star||Guy Gilles|
|L'Eclisse||Piero||Michelangelo Antonioni||with Monica Vitti|
|Carom Shots (Carambolages)||Monsieur Lambert||Marcel Bluwal||cameo appearance|
|The Devil and the Ten Commandments (Le Diable et les Dix Commandements)||Pierre Messager||Julien Duvivier||anthology film|
|1963||Joy House (Les Félins)||Marc||René Clément||with Jane Fonda|
|Any Number Can Win (Mélodie en sous-sol)||Francis Verlot||Henri Verneuil||with Jean Gabin|
|The Leopard||Tancredi||Luchino Visconti||nominated – Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Male with Burt Lancaster and Claudia Cardinale|
|La Tulipe noire||Guillaume/Julian de Saint Preux||Christian-Jaque||dual role|
|1964||L'Insoumis||Thomas Vlassenroot||Alain Cavalier||with Lea Massari|
|1965||The Yellow Rolls-Royce||Stefano||Anthony Asquith||anthology film|
|Once a Thief||Eddie Pedak||Ralph Nelson||with Ann-Margret, Van Heflin and Jack Palance|
|Is Paris Burning? (Paris brûle-t-il?)||Jacques Chaban-Delmas||René Clément||written by Gore Vidal and Francis Ford Coppola|
|1966||Texas Across the River (Texas nous voilà)||Don Baldazar||Michael Gordon||with Dean Martin|
|Lost Command||Capt. Philippe Esclavier||Mark Robson||with Anthony Quinn, Michèle Morgan and Claudia Cardinale|
|1967||The Last Adventure||Manú||Robert Enrico||with Lino Ventura and Joanna Shimkus|
|Diabolically Yours (Diaboliquement vôtre)||Pierre||Julien Duvivier||with Senta Berger|
|Le Samouraï||Jef Costello||Jean Pierre Melville||with Nathalie Delon|
|1968||Spirits of the Dead (Histoires extraordinaires)||William Wilson||Louis Malle||anthology film|
|Farewell Friend (Adieu l'ami)||Dino Barran||Jean Herman||with Charles Bronson and Brigitte Fossey|
|The Girl on a Motorcycle (La Motocyclette)||Daniel||Jack Cardiff||with Marianne Faithfull|
|1969||Jeff||Laurent||Jean Herman||with Mireille Darc|
|The Sicilian Clan (Le Clan des Siciliens)||Roger Sartet||Henri Verneuil||with Lino Ventura and Jean Gabin|
|The Swimming Pool (La Piscine)||Jean-Paul||Jacques Deray||with Romy Schneider and Jane Birkin|
|1970||Madly||Julien Dandieu||Roger Kahane||with Mireille Darc|
|Doucement les basses||Simon||Jacques Deray||with Nathalie Delon|
|Borsalino||Roch Siffredi||Jacques Deray||with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Catherine Rouvel|
|Le Cercle rouge||Corey||Jean-Pierre Melville||with Bourvil, Gian Maria Volonté and Yves Montand|
|1971||The Assassination of Trotsky||Frank Jackson||Joseph Losey||with Richard Burton as Leon Trotsky|
|Fantasia chez les ploucs (fr)||a passenger||Gérard Pirès||cameo appearance|
|Red Sun (Soleil Rouge)||Gauche||Terence Young||with Charles Bronson, Toshiro Mifune and Ursula Andress|
|La Veuve Couderc||Jean Lavigne||Pierre Granier-Deferre||with Simone Signoret and Ottavia Piccolo|
|Dirty Money (Un flic)||Edouard Coleman||Jean-Pierre Melville||with Catherine Deneuve|
|1972||La prima notte di quiete||Daniele Dominici||Valerio Zurlini||with Giancarlo Giannini and Alida Valli|
|1973||Shock Treatment||Dr. Devilers||Alain Jessua||with Annie Girardot|
|No Way Out (Tony Arzenta)||Tony Arzenta||Duccio Tessari|
|Scorpio||Jean Laurier||Michael Winner||with Burt Lancaster and Gayle Hunnicutt|
|The Burned Barns||Judge Larcher||Jean Chapot||with Simone Signoret and Miou-Miou|
|La Race des seigneurs||Julien Dandieu||Pierre Granier-Deferre||with Sydne Rome and Jeanne Moreau|
|Two Men in Town (Deux hommes dans la ville)||Gino Strabliggi||José Giovanni||with Jean Gabin, Mimsy Farmer and Gérard Depardieu|
|1974||Borsalino & Co.||Roch Siffredi||Jacques Deray||sequel to Borsalino|
|Les Seins de glace||Marc Rilson||Georges Lautner||with Claude Brasseur and Mireille Darc|
|1975||Zorro||Don Diego de la Vega/Zorro||Duccio Tessari||with Stanley Baker and Ottavia Piccolo|
|Le Gitan||Hugo Sennart||José Giovanni||also produced by Alain Delon|
|Flic Story||Roger Borniche||Jacques Deray||with Jean-Louis Trintignant and Claudine Auger|
|1976||Comme un boomerang||Jacques Batkin||José Giovanni||credited as writer|
|Armaguedon||Doctor Michel Ambroise||Alain Jessua|
|Monsieur Klein||Robert Klein||Joseph Losey||César Award for Best Film|
|1977||L'Homme pressé||Pierre Niox||Édouard Molinaro||with Mireille Darc|
|Death of a Corrupt Man (Mort d'un pourri)||Xavier Maréchal||Georges Lautner||with Ornella Muti, Stéphane Audran and Mireille Darc|
|Le Gang||Robert||Jacques Deray||credited as producer|
|1978||Attention, les enfants regardent||"the Man"||Serge Leroy||with Sophie Renoir|
|1979||The Concorde ... Airport '79||Paul Metrand||David Lowell Rich||with Robert Wagner, Susan Blakely and Sylvia Kristel|
|The Medic (Le Toubib)||Jean-Marie Desprès||Jean Freustié||with Véronique Jannot|
|1980||Three Men to Kill (Trois hommes à abattre)||Michel Gerfaut||Jacques Deray||credit as writer|
|1981||Teheran 43||Foche||Aleksandr Alov and Vladimir Naumov||Golden Prize at the Moscow International Film Festival 1981|
|For a Cop's Hide (Pour la peau d'un flic)||Choucas||Alain Delon||credited as director and writer|
|1982||The Shock (Le choc)||Martin Terrier||Robin Davis||with Catherine Deneuve|
|1983||Le Battant||Jacques Darnay||Alain Delon||with Anne Parillaud|
|1984||Notre histoire||Robert Avranches||Bertrand Blier||with Nathalie Baye|
|Swann in Love||Baron de Charlus||Volker Schlöndorff||based on Marcel Proust, with Jeremy Irons, Ornella Muti|
|1985||Parole de flic||Daniel Pratt||José Pinheiro||with Fiona Gélin|
|1986||Le Passage||Jean Diaz||René Manzor||with Christine Boisson|
|1988||Let Sleeping Cops Lie (Ne réveillez pas un flic qui dort)||Commissaire Eugène Grindel||José Pinheiro||credited as co-writer and producer|
|1990||Dancing Machine||Alan Wolf||Gilles Béhat|
|Nouvelle Vague||Lennox||Jean-Luc Godard||with Domiziana Giordano|
|1992||The Return of Casanova (Le Retour de Casanova)||Casanova||Édouard Niermans|
|Un crime (fr)||Charles Durand||Jacques Deray||credited as writer|
|1994||L'Ours en peluche||Jean Rivière||Jacques Deray||based on Georges Simenon|
|1995||A Hundred and One Nights (Les cent et une nuits de Simon Cinéma)||himself||Agnès Varda||cameo appearance|
|1996||Le Jour et la nuit (fr)||Alexandre||Bernard-Henri Lévy||with Arielle Dombasle and Lauren Bacall|
|1997||Une chance sur deux||Julien Vignal||Patrice Leconte||with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Vanessa Paradis|
|1999||Les Acteurs (fr)||himself||Bertrand Blier|
|2008||Asterix at the Olympic Games (Astérix aux Jeux Olympiques)||Jules César||Frédéric Forestier and Thomas Langmann||with Gérard Depardieu, Clovis Cornillac and Benoît Poelvoorde|
|2012||Happy New Year, mothers! (С новым годом, мамы!)||himself|
2003 Frank Riva Television Series
- Alain Delon Biography (1935-)
- Cineman, About the person
- Peary, Gerald. Interview with Patricia Highsmith
- New Dream for Alain Delon Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 18 Dec 1965: a12.
- Alain Delon, France's Answer to Clint Eastwood By Vernon Scott. The Washington Post (1974-Current file) [Washington, D.C] 05 Jan 1979: D12.
- MOVIES: A TOUGH GUY GOES SOFT ON HOLLYWOOD Mann, Roderick. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 25 Feb 1979: l36.
- ALAIN DELON - Products - Introduction
- The Films of John Woo and the Art of Heroic Bloodshed by Anthony Leong from MediaCircus.net
- The Criterion Collection: Le samourai by Jean-Pierre Melville
- Markovic affair
- "Berlinale: 1995 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
- "Décret du 10 mai 1995 portant promotion et nomination". JORF 1995 (112): 8055. 1995-05-13. PREX9511324D. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
- "Décret du 25 mars 2005 portant promotion et nomination". JORF 2005 (73): 5176. 2005-03-27. PREX0508238D. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
- "Madonna: A Tribute Song To French Actor Alain Delon "Beautiful Killer"". OhlalaMag. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
- "Awards for Che gioia vivere (1961)". Retrieved 2012-08-16.
- MHZ Worldwide Television
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alain Delon.|
- alaindelon.ch, his official website
- Alain Delon at the Internet Movie Database
- "The perils of trans-national stardom: Alain Delon in Hollywood cinema" by Ginette Vincendeau