Alain Delon

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Alain Delon
Alain Delon Cannes 2013.jpg
Born Alain Fabien Maurice Marcel Delon
(1935-11-08) 8 November 1935 (age 78)
Sceaux, France
Citizenship French, Swiss (since 1999)
Occupation Actor
Spouse(s) Nathalie Delon (born Francine Canovas) (m. 1964–69)
Rosalie van Breemen (m.1987–2002)
Partner(s) Romy Schneider (1959–63)
Mireille Darc (1968–82)
Children Christian Aaron Boulogne, born on (1962-08-11) 11 August 1962 (age 52)
Anthony Delon, born on (1964-09-30) 30 September 1964 (age 49)
Anouchka Delon, born on (1990-11-25) 25 November 1990 (age 23)
Alain Delon, Jr., born on (1994-03-18) 18 March 1994 (age 20)
Website
alaindelon.ch

Alain Fabien Maurice Marcel Delon (French: [alɛ̃ dəlɔ̃]; born 8 November 1935) is a French actor and businessman, with French-Swiss dual citizenship since 1999. He rose quickly to stardom, and by the age of 23 was already being compared with French actors such as Gérard Philipe and Jean Marais, as well as American actor James Dean. He was even called the male Brigitte Bardot. Over the course of his career, Delon has worked with many well-known directors, including Luchino Visconti, Jean-Luc Godard, Jean-Pierre Melville, Michelangelo Antonioni and Louis Malle.

Delon acquired Swiss citizenship on September 23, 1999, and the company managing products sold under his name is based in Geneva. He is a citizen of the community of Chêne-Bougeries in the canton of Geneva.

Early life[edit]

Delon was born in Sceaux, Seine (now Hauts-de-Seine), Île-de-France, a suburb of Paris. His parents, Édith (née Arnold) and Fabien Delon, divorced when Delon was four.[1] Both remarried, and Delon has a half-sister and two half-brothers. His paternal grandmother was Corsican, from Prunelli-di-Fiumorbo.[2] He attended a Roman Catholic[3] boarding school, the first of several schools from which he was expelled because of unruly behavior. Teachers once tried to convince him to enter the priesthood because of his aptitude in religious studies.

At 14, Delon left school, and worked for a brief time at his stepfather's butcher shop. He enlisted in the French Navy three years later, and in 1953-54 he served as a fusilier marin in the First Indochina War. Delon has said that out of his four years of military service he spent 11 months in prison for being "undisciplined". In 1956, after being dishonorably discharged from the military, he returned to France. He had little money, and got by on whatever employment he could find. He spent time working as a waiter, a porter, a secretary and a sales clerk. During this time he became friends with the actress Brigitte Auber, and joined her on a trip to the Cannes Film Festival, where his film career would begin.

Career[edit]

At Cannes, Delon was seen by a talent scout for David O. Selznick. After a screen test Selznick offered him a contract, provided he learn English. Delon returned to Paris to study the language, but when he met French director Yves Allégret, he was convinced that he should stay in France to begin his career. Selznick allowed Delon to cancel his contract, and Allégret gave him his debut in the film Quand la Femme s'en Mêle (When the Woman Butts In). Delon then appeared in the film Faibles Femmes (Weak Women/Three Murderesses). This was also the very first of his films to be seen in America, where it became a huge success.

Delon in Joy House (1964)

In 1960, Delon appeared in René Clément's Purple Noon, which was based on the Patricia Highsmith novel The Talented Mr. Ripley. He played protagonist Tom Ripley to critical acclaim; Highsmith herself was also a fan of his portrayal.[4] He then appeared in Luchino Visconti's Rocco and His Brothers. Critic Bosley Crowther of the New York Times said Delon's work was "touchingly pliant and expressive." John Beaufort in the Christian Science Monitor said:

"Rocco's heartbroken steadfastness furnishes the film with the foremost of its ironic tragedies ... [I]ts believability rests finally on Mr. Delon's compelling performance."

Delon made his stage debut in 1961 in the John Ford play Tis Pity She's a Whore alongside Romy Schneider in Paris. Visconti directed the production. Delon would work with him again for Il Gattopardo (The Leopard). Delon also worked with Jean-Pierre Melville, who directed him in Un Flic, Le Cercle Rouge, and Le Samouraï.

In 1964, the Cinémathèque Française held a showcase of Delon's films and Delon started a production company, Delbeau Production, with Georges Beaume. They produced a film called L’insoumis, which had to be re-edited because of legal issues. Delon then started his own production company, Adel, and starred in the company's first film, Jeff. Delon followed the success of the film with Borsalino, which became one of France's highest grossing films of the time. In 1973, he recorded "Paroles, paroles", a popular French-language version of the Italian song "Parole parole", with French pop singer Dalida.

He played the title character in the 1975 Italian-French film Zorro. In 1976, Delon starred in Monsieur Klein, which won him the César awards (French equivalent of Oscars).

Delon with daughter at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival.

He was awarded the Best Actor César Award for his role in Bertrand Blier's Notre histoire (1984), and portrayed the aristocratic dandy Baron de Charlus in a film adaptation of Marcel Proust's novel Swann in Love in the same year.

Then followed a string of box office failures in the late 1980s and 1990s. One notable film during this time was Jean-Luc Godard's Nouvelle Vague in 1990, in which Delon played twins. Delon's last major role was in Patrice Leconte's Une chance sur deux in 1998, another box office disappointment.

Delon announced his decision to give up acting in 1997, although he still occasionally accepts roles.

Products[edit]

Since the formation of a perfume label in his name, Delon has had a variety of products sold under his name including wristwatches, clothing, eyewear, stationery and cigarettes.[5]

Delon's sunglasses brand became particularly popular in Hong Kong after actor Chow Yun-fat wore them in the 1986 crime film A Better Tomorrow (as well as two sequels). Delon reportedly wrote a letter thanking Chow for helping the sunglasses sell out in the region.[6] The film's director John Woo has acknowledged Delon as one of his idols and wrote a short essay on Le Samourai as well as Le Cercle Rouge for the Criterion Collection DVD releases.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Alain Delon in Belgrade, 1962

On 20 March 1959, Delon was engaged to actress Romy Schneider, whom he met when they co-starred in the film Christine (1958). During their relationship, he had an affair with German actress, singer and model Nico. On 11 August 1962, Nico gave birth to a son, Christian Aaron "Ari", fathered by Delon. The child was raised mostly by Delon's parents.

In December 1963, Schneider and Delon decided to break the engagement. On 13 August 1964, Delon married Nathalie Barthélemy. Their son, Anthony Delon, was born in September. The couple divorced on 14 February 1969.

On October 1, 1968, in the village of Élancourt, Yvelines, on the western outskirts of Paris, the dead body of Stevan Markovic, ex-bodyguard of Delon, was found in a public dump. Alain Delon and a Corsican gangster Francois Marcantoni came under investigation. One of the factors pointing in that direction was a letter of Stevan Markovic to his brother Aleksandar where he wrote: "If I get killed, it's 100% fault of Alain Delon and his godfather Francois Marcantoni." Later, the investigation involved the former French Prime Minister (and later President) Georges Pompidou after a few press articles and a testimony of Borivoj Ackov. He testified that he was present at parties with the wife of Pompidou, Stevan Markovic and Alain Delon. The death of Stevan Markovic provoked a lot of rumors, suggesting the existence of group sex photos with Pompidou's wife. Pompidou himself accused Louis Wallon and Henri Capitant for using the French espionage service SDECE with an aim to set him up. After becoming President of the Republic, he named Alexandre de Marenches as the head of the SDECE in order to reform it. Assisted by Michel Roussin, his principal private secretary, de Marenches expelled a "secret agent" involved in investigation Jean-Charles Marchiani. [8]

In 1968, during the shooting of the film Jeff, he met French actress Mireille Darc with whom he started a 15-year relationship, lasting until 1982.

In 1987, Delon met Dutch model Rosalie van Breemen on the set of the music video for his song "Comme au cinéma" and started a relationship. They had two children: Anouschka (25 November 1990) and Alain-Fabien (18 March 1994). The relationship ended in October 2002.

During an interview in 2013 Delon came out in support of the French far-right political party National Front, saying "The National Front, like the MCG [Geneva Citizens’ Movement] in Geneva, is very important…I encourage it and I perfectly understand it".[9]

Alain Delon lives in Chêne-Bougeries in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland with his two youngest children.

Honours and cultural impacts[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Director Notes
1957 Quand la femme s'en mêle Jo Yves Allégret
1958 Sois belle et tais-toi Loulou Marc Allégret
Christine Franz Lobheiner Pierre Gaspard-Huit with Romy Schneider
1959 Faibles femmes Julien Fenal Michel Boisrond with Mylène Demongeot
Le chemin des écoliers (fr) Antoine Michaud Michel Boisrond with Bourvil and Lino Ventura
1960 Rocco and His Brothers Rocco Parondi Luchino Visconti with Annie Girardot
Purple Noon (Plein Soleil) Tom Ripley René Clément with Marie Laforêt
1961 The Joy of Living (Che gioia vivere) Ulysse Cecconato René Clément nominated for the Palme d'Or 1961[14]
Les Amours célèbres (fr) Prince Albert Michel Boisrond anthology film
1962 Love at Sea (L'Amour à la mer) a film star Guy Gilles
L'Eclisse Piero Michelangelo Antonioni with Monica Vitti
Carom Shots (Carambolages) Monsieur Lambert Marcel Bluwal cameo appearance
The Devil and the Ten Commandments (Le Diable et les Dix Commandements) Pierre Messager Julien Duvivier anthology film
1963 Joy House (Les Félins) Marc René Clément with Jane Fonda
Any Number Can Win (Mélodie en sous-sol) Francis Verlot Henri Verneuil with Jean Gabin
The Leopard Tancredi Luchino Visconti nominated – Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Male with Burt Lancaster and Claudia Cardinale
La Tulipe noire Guillaume/Julian de Saint Preux Christian-Jaque dual role
1964 L'Insoumis Thomas Vlassenroot Alain Cavalier with Lea Massari
1965 The Yellow Rolls-Royce Stefano Anthony Asquith anthology film
Once a Thief Eddie Pedak Ralph Nelson with Ann-Margret, Van Heflin and Jack Palance
Is Paris Burning? (Paris brûle-t-il?) Jacques Chaban-Delmas René Clément written by Gore Vidal and Francis Ford Coppola
1966 Texas Across the River (Texas nous voilà) Don Baldazar Michael Gordon with Dean Martin
Lost Command Capt. Philippe Esclavier Mark Robson with Anthony Quinn, Michèle Morgan and Claudia Cardinale
1967 The Last Adventure Manú Robert Enrico with Lino Ventura and Joanna Shimkus
Diabolically Yours (Diaboliquement vôtre) Pierre Julien Duvivier with Senta Berger
Le Samouraï Jef Costello Jean Pierre Melville with Nathalie Delon
1968 Spirits of the Dead (Histoires extraordinaires) William Wilson Louis Malle anthology film
Farewell Friend (Adieu l'ami) Dino Barran Jean Herman with Charles Bronson and Brigitte Fossey
The Girl on a Motorcycle (La Motocyclette) Daniel Jack Cardiff with Marianne Faithfull
1969 Jeff (fr) Laurent Jean Herman with Mireille Darc
The Sicilian Clan (Le Clan des Siciliens) Roger Sartet Henri Verneuil with Lino Ventura and Jean Gabin
The Swimming Pool (La Piscine) Jean-Paul Jacques Deray with Romy Schneider and Jane Birkin
1970 Madly (fr) Julien Dandieu Roger Kahane with Mireille Darc
Doucement les basses (fr) Simon Jacques Deray with Nathalie Delon
Borsalino Roch Siffredi Jacques Deray with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Catherine Rouvel
Le Cercle rouge Corey Jean-Pierre Melville with Bourvil, Gian Maria Volonté and Yves Montand
1971 The Assassination of Trotsky Frank Jackson Joseph Losey with Richard Burton as Leon Trotsky
Fantasia chez les ploucs (fr) a passenger Gérard Pirès cameo appearance
Red Sun (Soleil Rouge) Gauche Terence Young with Charles Bronson, Toshiro Mifune and Ursula Andress
La Veuve Couderc Jean Lavigne Pierre Granier-Deferre with Simone Signoret and Ottavia Piccolo
Dirty Money (Un flic) Edouard Coleman Jean-Pierre Melville with Catherine Deneuve
1972 La prima notte di quiete Daniele Dominici Valerio Zurlini with Giancarlo Giannini and Alida Valli
1973 Shock Treatment Dr. Devilers Alain Jessua with Annie Girardot
No Way Out (Tony Arzenta) Tony Arzenta Duccio Tessari
Scorpio Jean Laurier Michael Winner with Burt Lancaster and Gayle Hunnicutt
The Burned Barns Judge Larcher Jean Chapot with Simone Signoret and Miou-Miou
La Race des seigneurs (fr) Julien Dandieu Pierre Granier-Deferre with Sydne Rome and Jeanne Moreau
Two Men in Town (Deux hommes dans la ville) Gino Strabliggi José Giovanni with Jean Gabin, Mimsy Farmer and Gérard Depardieu
1974 Borsalino & Co. Roch Siffredi Jacques Deray sequel to Borsalino
Les Seins de glace (fr) Marc Rilson Georges Lautner with Claude Brasseur and Mireille Darc
1975 Zorro Don Diego de la Vega/Zorro Duccio Tessari with Stanley Baker and Ottavia Piccolo
Le Gitan (fr) Hugo Sennart José Giovanni also produced by Alain Delon
Flic Story Roger Borniche Jacques Deray with Jean-Louis Trintignant and Claudine Auger
1976 Comme un boomerang (fr) Jacques Batkin José Giovanni credited as writer
Armaguedon (fr) Doctor Michel Ambroise Alain Jessua
Monsieur Klein Robert Klein Joseph Losey César Award for Best Film
1977 L'Homme pressé (fr) Pierre Niox Édouard Molinaro with Mireille Darc
Death of a Corrupt Man (Mort d'un pourri) Xavier Maréchal Georges Lautner with Ornella Muti, Stéphane Audran and Mireille Darc
Le Gang (fr) Robert Jacques Deray credited as producer
1978 Attention, les enfants regardent (fr) "the Man" Serge Leroy with Sophie Renoir
1979 The Concorde ... Airport '79 Paul Metrand David Lowell Rich with Robert Wagner, Susan Blakely and Sylvia Kristel
The Medic (Le Toubib) Jean-Marie Desprès Jean Freustié with Véronique Jannot
1980 Three Men to Kill (Trois hommes à abattre) Michel Gerfaut Jacques Deray credit as writer
1981 Teheran 43 Foche Aleksandr Alov and Vladimir Naumov Golden Prize at the Moscow International Film Festival 1981
For a Cop's Hide (fr) (Pour la peau d'un flic) Choucas Alain Delon credited as director and writer
1982 The Shock (Le choc) Martin Terrier Robin Davis with Catherine Deneuve
1983 Le Battant (fr) Jacques Darnay Alain Delon with Anne Parillaud
1984 Notre histoire Robert Avranches Bertrand Blier with Nathalie Baye
Swann in Love Baron de Charlus Volker Schlöndorff based on Marcel Proust, with Jeremy Irons, Ornella Muti
1985 Parole de flic (fr) Daniel Pratt José Pinheiro with Fiona Gélin
1986 Le Passage (fr) Jean Diaz René Manzor with Christine Boisson
1988 Let Sleeping Cops Lie (Ne réveillez pas un flic qui dort) Commissaire Eugène Grindel José Pinheiro credited as co-writer and producer
1990 Dancing Machine Alan Wolf Gilles Béhat
Nouvelle Vague Lennox Jean-Luc Godard with Domiziana Giordano
1992 The Return of Casanova (Le Retour de Casanova) Casanova Édouard Niermans
Un crime (fr) Charles Durand Jacques Deray credited as writer
1994 L'Ours en peluche Jean Rivière Jacques Deray based on Georges Simenon
1995 A Hundred and One Nights (Les cent et une nuits de Simon Cinéma) himself Agnès Varda cameo appearance
1996 Le Jour et la nuit (fr) Alexandre Bernard-Henri Lévy with Arielle Dombasle and Lauren Bacall
1997 Une chance sur deux Julien Vignal Patrice Leconte with Jean-Paul Belmondo and Vanessa Paradis
1999 Les Acteurs (fr) himself Bertrand Blier
2008 Asterix at the Olympic Games (Astérix aux Jeux Olympiques) Jules César Frédéric Forestier and Thomas Langmann with Gérard Depardieu, Clovis Cornillac and Benoît Poelvoorde
2012 Happy New Year, mothers! (С новым годом, мамы!) himself

See also[edit]

2003 Frank Riva Television Series[15]

References[edit]

External links[edit]