Death and funeral of Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990, died of a stroke in London on 8 April 2013 at the age of 87. A ceremonial funeral, planning for which began in 2009 while Thatcher was still alive, was held on 17 April. Due to the polarised view of her achievements and legacy, the reception to her death was mixed. The funeral, including a formal procession through Central London followed by a church service at St Paul's Cathedral, cost some £3.6 million including £3.1 million for security. Her body was cremated at Mortlake Crematorium, and her ashes were buried alongside those of her husband Denis at the Royal Hospital Chelsea in London on 28 September 2013.
Illness and death
Thatcher suffered several small strokes in 2002 and was advised by her doctors not to engage in any more public speaking. On 23 March, she announced the cancellation of her planned speaking engagements and that she would accept no more. But despite her illness, she pre-recorded a eulogy for the funeral of Ronald Reagan in June 2004, and attended her 80th birthday celebration in 2005 with the Queen and 650 other guests in attendance. However, her health continued to decline as the decade went on; she was briefly hospitalised in 2008 after feeling unwell during a dinner, and again after falling and fracturing her arm in 2009. Carol Thatcher spoke to the press of her mother's struggle with dementia.
Thatcher died at approximately 11:00 BST (10:00 UTC) on 8 April 2013 at The Ritz Hotel in London after suffering a stroke. She had been staying in a suite there since December 2012, after having difficulty using the stairs at her Chester Square home. She was invited to stay at the Ritz by its owners David and Frederick Barclay, who were long-time supporters. Lord Bell, Thatcher's spokesman, confirmed her death to the Press Association, who issued the first wire report to newsrooms at 12:47 BST (11:47 UTC). The Union Flag was flown at half-mast at Downing Street, Buckingham Palace, Parliament and other palaces, and flowers were laid outside her home.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Funeral of Margaret Thatcher.|
Planning for the funeral began in 2009. The committee was originally chaired by Sir Malcolm Ross, the Queen's former Master of the Royal Household. Following the 2010 general election that brought the Conservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition into power, Cabinet Office minister Francis Maude was made the new chairman of the committee; the codename given to the plans was changed to "True Blue" to give it "a more Conservative feel".
Details of Thatcher's funeral had been agreed with her in advance. Specifically, Thatcher had chosen the hymns and stipulated that the Prime Minister would deliver a reading from the Bible. She had previously vetoed a state funeral; reasons included cost, parliamentary deliberation, and that it suggested similar stature to Churchill – with which she disagreed. Instead with her and her family's agreement, she received a ceremonial funeral, including military honours, a guard of honour, and a service at St. Paul's Cathedral, London. The arrangements were similar to those for the Queen Mother in 2002 and Diana, Princess of Wales in 1997, except with more military honours as she had been a former head of government. Thatcher's body was cremated after the funeral, in accordance with her wishes.
Some of Thatcher's supporters expressed disappointment that she would not be given a full state funeral. However, Peter Oborne in The Daily Telegraph, stated that the scale of the ceremony amounted to a state funeral, and thought this to be a serious error: the Queen would be seen as partisan, as she had not attended Labour post-war Prime Minister Clement Attlee's funeral.
The scale and the cost to the taxpayer of the funeral, estimated before the event at up to £10 million in total, was also criticised by public figures including the Bishop of Grantham, Lord Prescott and George Galloway MP. Thatcher's family agreed to meet part of the cost of the funeral, unspecified but thought to cover transport, flowers and the cremation. The government would fund the remaining costs, including security. After the event, it was reported by 10 Downing Street that in fact the total public spending on the funeral was £3.6 million, of which £3.1 million had been the costs of police and security.
Anticipating possible protests and demonstrations along the route, police mounted one of the largest security operations since the 2012 Summer Olympics. Against the backdrop of the bombings at the Boston Marathon two days earlier, it was announced that over 4,000 police officers would be deployed. In the event, the crowds were peaceful, with supporters drowning out most of the scattered protests with cheers and applause.:10.02am, 10.32am, 10.40am, 10.45am A few hundred people turned up to protest at Ludgate Circus, some shouting and others turning their backs, with other protesters scattered along the route.
Flags along Whitehall were lowered to half mast at 8 am, and as a rare mark of respect the chimes of the Palace of Westminster Great Clock, including Big Ben, were silenced from 9.45 am for the duration of the funeral. At the Tower of London, a 105mm gun fired every 60 seconds during the procession.:10.43am Muffled bells tolled at St Margaret's church at Westminster Abbey,:10.02am and at St Pauls. The funeral cortège commenced at the Houses of Parliament, and was as follows:
- Thatcher's coffin lay overnight at the Houses of Parliament
- From the Chapel of St Mary Undercroft beneath St Stephen's Hall at the Palace of Westminster, the hearse travelled down Whitehall, across Trafalgar Square and down the Strand and Aldwych
- At St Clement Danes, the central church of the RAF, at the eastern end of the Strand the coffin was transferred to a gun carriage drawn by the King's Troop Royal Artillery
- The cortège continued along Fleet Street and Ludgate Hill before it arrived at St Paul's Cathedral.
At St Paul's, the coffin was carried into the Cathedral by members of the British Armed Forces and borne down the nave preceded by her grandchildren, Michael and Amanda Thatcher, who carried cushions bearing Thatcher's insignia of the Order of the Garter and the Order of Merit. The bidding (introductory words) was given by the Dean of St Paul's David Ison. Amanda Thatcher gave the first bible reading; the second reading given by David Cameron. The Bishop of London, Richard Chartres, gave an address.
Following the church service, the coffin was taken to Mortlake Crematorium, where Sir Denis Thatcher had been cremated years before. The cremation service was only attended by the immediate family.
It was expected that there would be about 2,300 mourners within St. Paul's Cathedral for the funeral. Invitations were decided by the Thatcher family and their representatives, together with the government and the Conservative Party. The guest list included her family and friends; former colleagues including former British Cabinet members; and personal staff who worked closely with her. Invitations were also sent to representatives of some 200 countries, and to all living presidents of the US and prime ministers of the UK. Two current heads of state, 11 serving prime ministers, and 17 serving foreign ministers, were present.
Queen Elizabeth II led mourners at the funeral. It marked the second time in the Queen's reign that she attended the funeral of a former prime minister, the only other time was for that of Winston Churchill in 1965. Prime ministers current and former: David Cameron, Gordon Brown, Tony Blair and John Major were also in attendance with their wives.
Interment of ashes
On 28 September a private and unpublicised service for Thatcher was held in the All Saints Chapel of the Royal Hospital Chelsea's Margaret Thatcher Infirmary. Afterwards Thatcher's ashes were interred in the grounds of the hospital, next to those of her husband.
On 10 April, two days following Thatcher's death, her son Mark spoke of his mother's death on the steps of her Chester Square home. He told a gathering of journalists that his family was "proud and equally grateful" that her funeral service would be attended by the Queen, whose presence he said her mother would be "greatly honored as well as humbled by". He expressed gratitude for all the messages of support and condolences from far and wide. Three days later on 13 April her daughter Carol thanked Barack Obama and others for their tributes, and all those who had sent messages of sympathy and support.
Prime Minister David Cameron cut short a visit abroad and ordered flags to be flown at half-mast. He issued a statement lamenting her loss of "a great prime minister, a great leader, a great Briton". The Deputy Prime Minister and leader of the Liberal Democrats, Nick Clegg, said that Thatcher defined modern British politics, and that while she may have been divisive during her time, but there would be no disagreement about "the strength of her personality and the radicalism of her politics".
Leader of the Opposition and Labour leader Ed Miliband said that she would be remembered for having "reshaped the politics of a whole generation [and moving] the centre ground of British politics" and for her stature in the world. He said that although the Labour Party disagreed with much of what she did, "we can disagree and also greatly respect her political achievements and her personal strength."
John Major, her successor as Prime Minister credited Thatcher's leadership with turning Britain around in large measure. "Her reforms of the economy, trades union law, and her recovery of the Falkland Islands elevated her above normal politics". Former Labour prime ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown said that even those who disagreed with her would admire her strength of character, her convictions, her view of Britain's place in the world and her contribution to British national life.
Scottish National Party leader Alex Salmond said: "Margaret Thatcher was a truly formidable prime minister whose policies defined a political generation". Plaid Cymru leader Leanne Wood, while expressing sympathy to her family, criticised her policies' effects on Wales.
Other domestic reactions
The House of Commons held a special session discussing Thatcher's legacy. While current and former cabinet ministers struck a conciliatory tone in their speeches, some in the Labour Party attacked Thatcher's legacy. Over half of all Labour MPs chose to boycott the tribute to Thatcher, with many saying it would have been hypocritical for them to honour her as their constituents continued to suffer from decisions she made. Retired MP Tony Benn, former London mayor, Ken Livingstone, and Paul Kenny, General Secretary of the GMB trade union, stated that her policies were divisive and her legacy involves "the destruction of communities, the elevation of personal greed over social values and legitimizing the exploitation of the weak by the strong." but Benn acknowledged some of her personal qualities.
Many reactions were unsympathetic, particularly from her opponents. Residents in Orgreave, South Yorkshire, site of the Battle of Orgreave between striking coal miners and police in June 1984, declared that their village had been "decimated by Thatcher". The Associated Press quoted a number of miners as responding to her death simply with: "good riddance". Chris Kitchen, General Secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers, stated that miners would "not be shedding a tear for her." Spontaneous street parties were held across the UK: celebrations took place in Glasgow, Brixton, Liverpool, Bristol, Leeds, Belfast, Cardiff and elsewhere; Glasgow City Council advised citizens to stay away from street parties organised without their involvement or consent out of safety concerns. A larger demonstration with around 3,000 protesters took place at Trafalgar Square in London on Saturday 13 April. Graffiti was posted calling for an ignominious afterlife. British director Ken Loach suggested privatising her funeral and tendering it for the cheapest bid. The Daily Telegraph website closed comments on all articles related to her death because of "abuse".
The issue of whether to fly the flag at half-mast for her funeral caused controversy for some councils where local feelings were strong. The government’s national flag protocol dictates that union flags should be lowered to half mast on the funeral days of former prime ministers. Most councils in Scotland did not lower the flag for the funeral. Several councils in England also refused including Barnsley, Sheffield and Wakefield in Yorkshire, and Coventry in the West Midlands.
Whilst business leaders, including Alan Sugar, Richard Branson, Archie Norman and CBI chief John Cridland, credited her for creating a climate favourable to business in Britain, and lifting the UK "out of the economic relegation zone", the Premier League and Football League rejected having a minute's silence around the country's football grounds, a move backed by the Football Supporters' Federation and the Hillsborough Family Support Group. However, Saracens and Exeter Chiefs held a minute's silence for her before their premiership rugby games.
Social media played a significant role in the aftermath of her death, with celebrities channelling polarised views about Thatcher on Twitter, and endorsing campaigns and demonstrations. Anti-Thatcher sentiment prompted a campaign on social media networks to bring the song "Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead" (from The Wizard of Oz) into the UK Singles Chart, followed by a counter-campaign adopted by Thatcher supporters in favour of the 1979 punk song "I'm in Love with Margaret Thatcher" by the Notsensibles, which had been started by the band's lead singer. On 12 April 2013, "Ding-Dong!" charted at number 2, and "I'm in Love with Margaret Thatcher" at number 35. Radio 1 Controller Ben Cooper said that the station's chart show would not play the No. 2 song but that a portion of it would be aired as part of a news item. Cooper explained that its delicate compromise balanced freedom of speech and sensitivity for "a family that is grieving for a loved one who is yet to be buried."
International political leaders
Along with the eulogies and platitudes, there were less sympathetic reactions in Argentina, in regards to her legacy during the Falklands War, and in South Africa, because of her perceived support for apartheid.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Death and funeral of Margaret Thatcher|
Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, described Thatcher as "a great model as the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, who not only demonstrated her leadership but has given such great hope for many women for equality, gender equality in Parliament." The message from Pope Francis "recalls with appreciation the Christian values which underpinned her commitment to public service and to the promotion of freedom among the family of nations."
Barack Obama, President of the United States, lamented the loss of a true friend. His statement praised her as "an unapologetic supporter of our transatlantic alliance, she knew that with strength and resolve we could win the Cold War and extend freedom's promise." Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, acknowledged Thatcher "define[d] the age in which she served [as well as] contemporary conservatism itself."
French President François Hollande and German Chancellor Angela Merkel remarked that Thatcher left a "deep impression on her country's history" Merkel said Thatcher's belief in the freedom of the individual contributed to "overcoming Europe's partition and the end of the Cold War."
Irish President Michael D. Higgins extended his condolences saying: "She will be remembered as one of the most conviction-driven British Prime Ministers who drew on a scholarship that demanded markets without regulation" and that "her key role in signing the Anglo-Irish Agreement will be recalled as a valuable early contribution to the search for peace and political stability." Sinn Féin leader and TD Gerry Adams condemned "the great hurt done to the Irish and British people during her time as British prime minister", adding: "Here in Ireland, her espousal of old draconian militaristic policies prolonged the war and caused great suffering."
Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard, expressed her admiration for Thatcher's achievements as a woman. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key praised Thatcher's determination and expressed his "[sadness] for her family and Great Britain". Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu lamented losing "a true friend of the Jewish people and Israel."
Romanian President Traian Băsescu premier and foreign minister of Bulgaria, Marin Raykov cited her influence on them, and sent their condolences. They recognised Thatcher as a central figure in modern European history, and that her application of the law and economic liberal principles contributed to the downfall of communism in the Eastern Bloc.
At the wishes of Thatcher's family, Argentina's president Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner was not invited to the funeral. Argentine foreign minister Héctor Timerman said that any invitation would have been "just another provocation." The Argentine ambassador to the UK, Alicia Castro, was invited in line with diplomatic protocol, but declined the invitation.
Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and South African President Jacob Zuma expressed their "deepest sympathies". as did Russian President Vladimir Putin, who said that Thatcher was "a pragmatic, tough and consistent person". Former Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev expressed sadness at the loss of a "great politician ... whose words carried great weight".
- Joel Gunter and Matthew Holehouse (17 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher funeral: as it happened". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "MARGARET THATCHER'S ASHES BURIED IN LONDON". Associated Press. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Statement from the office of the Rt Hon Baroness Thatcher LG OM FRS" (Press release). Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 22 March 2002. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
- Campbell 2003, pp. 796–798
- "Thatcher marks 80th with a speech". BBC News. 13 October 2005. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Lady Thatcher treated after fall". BBC News. 12 June 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Lady Thatcher to stay in hospital". BBC News. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Rayner, Gordon; Swinford, Steven (8 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher dies of stroke aged 87". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Obituary". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Swinford, Steven (8 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: final moments in hotel without her family by her bedside". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Martin Robinson (10 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: The Ritz suite where she died peacefully while sitting up in bed reading". Daily Mail (London).
- "Flags fly at half-mast over London Palaces". 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "World pays tribute to Margaret Thatcher – Europe". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Oliver Wright (9 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher's funeral: A True Blue occasion that has been four years in the making". The Independent.
- Wright, Oliver (12 April 2013). "Funeral will be a 'ceremonial' service in line with Baroness Thatcher's wishes". The Independent (London). Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Deacon, Michael (12 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: I Vow to Thee, My Country". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Watt, Nicholas; Davies, Caroline (9 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher 'feared divisive debate in parliament' over state funeral". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Thatcher to be given ceremonial funeral with military honours". 9 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Lady Thatcher's funeral". 10 Downing Street. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher dead: Should she be given £8m Diana-style send-off?". Daily Mirror. 9 April 2013.
- Davies, Caroline (8 April 2013). "No state funeral for Margaret Thatcher". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- James Chapman, Tim Shipman (8 April 2013). "The woman who saved Britain... Now give her a state funeral: Maggie deserves it for transforming Britain, say Tory MPs". Daily Mail.
- Peter Oborne (10 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: This is a state funeral, and that’s a mistake". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Cost of Thatcher's funeral a 'mistake' says Grantham Bishop". BBC. 14 April 2013.
- "John Prescott hits out at cost to taxpayer of Margaret Thatcher's funeral". London Evening Standard. 14 April 2013.
- "Galloway plans to hijack PMQs move". London Evening Standard. 15 April 2013.
- Peter Dominiczak (10 April 2013). "Lady Thatcher's funeral wishes will save taxpayer £800,000". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "No 10: Baroness Thatcher's funeral cost taxpayer £3.6m". BBC News. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- "London's ring of steel: Police prepare for mass riots at Thatcher's funeral in biggest security operation since the Olympics". Daily Mail. 13 April 2013.
- Matthew Taylor, Andrew Sparrow and Vikram Dodd (14 April 2013). "Thatcher funeral protesters get police go-ahead to turn backs on coffin". The Guardian.
- Dodd, Vikram (16 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher funeral: more than 4,000 police to be deployed". The Guardian (London).
- Gunter, Joel; Holehouse, Matthew (17 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher funeral: as it happened". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- Murphy, Joe (17 April 2013). "Thatcher funeral: Granddaughter Amanda captivates mourners in St Paul's with moving speech". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Taylor, Matthew (17 April 2013). "Hundreds of protesters turn backs on Margaret Thatcher's coffin". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Big Ben to be Silent for Baroness Thatcher's Funeral". BBC. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "UK prepares for Margaret Thatcher's funeral – Europe – Al Jazeera English". Al Jazeera.
- "Margaret Thatcher funeral set for next week". BBC News. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher: the funeral Order of Service". The Daily Telegraph (London). 17 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher Funeral: Bishop of London's Address in Full". Huffington Post. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Thatcher funeral: Invitations and guest list". BBC. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Thatcher funeral procession begins". BBC. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Davies, Caroline (17 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: Queen leads mourners at funeral". BBC News. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- Davies, Caroline (10 April 2013). "Queen made personal decision to attend Lady Thatcher's funeral". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Baroness Thatcher's ashes laid to rest". The Telegraph (London). 28 September 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher's ashes laid to rest at Royal Hospital Chelsea". BBC News. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher death: Mark Thatcher pays tribute to his mother". The Daily Telegraph (London). 10 April 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- Watts, Robert (13 April 2013). "Carol Thatcher: 'My mother's place in history is assured'". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher dies: Reaction in quotes". BBC. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher dead: 'Iron Lady' mourned but critics speak out". Chicago Tribune. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher dies: Reaction in quotes". BBC News. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Henderson, Barney; Irvine, Chris (8 April 2013). "Reaction to the death of Margaret Thatcher: as it happened". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Former Tory Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher dies after stroke". 8 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "For a future that is better than the past – Leanne Wood marks the death of Margaret Thatcher [Plaid Cymru website, English version]". 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Tom McTague (12 April 2013). "Why we boycotted Margaret Thatcher tribute debate: Labour MPs, Caroline Lucas and more give their reasons". Daily Mirror.
- Ned Simons (10 April 2013). "Bob Crow Says Margaret Thatcher Can 'Rot in Hell'". Huffington Post.
- Ned Simons (10 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher 'Not A Woman on My Terms', Says Labour MP Glenda Jackson (VIDEO)". Huffington Post.
- y JOHN F. BURNS and ALAN COWELL (10 April 2013). "Parliament Debates Thatcher Legacy, as Vitriol Flows Online and in Streets". The New York Times.
- Ross, Tim (10 April 2013). "Up to 150 Labour MPs fail to attend Baroness Thatcher Commons debate". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Factbox: British reaction to the death of Margaret Thatcher". Reuters. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Ferguson, Mark. "Tony Benn on Margaret Thatcher". LabourList.
- White, Michael (8 April 2013). "Little sympathy for Margaret Thatcher among former opponents". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Durham coalfield rejoices at Margaret Thatcher's death". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Tom Farmery (9 April 2013). "'Tramp the dirt down': a nation remains divided in Margaret Thatcher's death.". The Times. "Many in the crowds opened champagne and sang anti-Thatcher ..."
- "Left's chorus of hatred: Champagne in the streets, students union cheers and vile internet taunts". Daily Mail. 8 April 2013.
- Pidd, Helen; Conn, David (8 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher's death greeted with little sympathy by Orgreave veterans". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "AFP: Miners say 'good riddance' to Thatcher". Google. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher death: Funeral date announced". 9 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Sam Casey (9 April 2013). "Leeds street party celebrates Thatcher death". Yorkshire Evening Post.
- Alex Stevenson (9 April 2013). "Video: Police move in as Brixton celebrates Thatcher's death". politics.co.uk.
- "The flames of hatred: 30 years of loathing for Baroness Thatcher explodes in celebrations of her death. Will funeral now be targeted?". Daily Mail. 9 April 2013.
- "No UK taboo: Unlike in America, some Britons happy to publicly celebrate former leader’s death". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 9 April 2013.[dead link]
- Neild, Barry (8 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher's death greeted with street parties in Brixton and Glasgow". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Scores gather in Glasgow for 'party' to mark Thatcher's death". 7 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Glasgow City Council criticises George Square Thatcher 'party'". BBC News. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Tracy McVeigh and Mark Townsend (13 April 2013). "Thousands gather in Trafalgar Square to protest against Thatcher's legacy". The Guardian.
- John Domokos and Mustafa Khalili (14 April 2013). "Anti Margaret Thatcher party in Trafalgar square – video". The Guardian.
- "Hundreds join anti-Thatcher 'party' in London". Global Post. Agence France-Presse. 13 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher's detractors throw party planned decades ago". CBS News. 13 April 2013.
- "How people rejoice in the death of Margaret Thatcher". The Economic Times (India). 10 April 2013.
- David Hobbs (12 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher Dead: Graffiti Art In Leake Street Removed By British Rail For Being 'Offensive' (PICTURES)". Huffington Post.
- "Ken Loach Blasts Plans For Margaret Thatcher's Costly Funeral". Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Mayer Nissim (8 April 2013). "'Daily Telegraph' closes Margaret Thatcher comments due to abuse". Digital Spy.
- "Wakefield Council will not fly flag at half mast to mark Baroness Thatcher’s funeral". Wakefield Express. 11 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher funeral: Most councils in Scotland refuse to lower flags in memory of former PM". Daily Record. 17 April 2013.
- "Thatcher’s critics take to the streets as Labour councils refuse to lower flags". Yorkshire Post. 17 April 2013.
- "Coventry City Council decides not to fly flag at half mast for Margaret Thatcher funeral". Coventry Telegraph. 17 April 2013.
- "Lord Sugar and business elite pay tribute to Thatcher". 9 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "Baroness Thatcher gave UK generation of economic growth – CBI". 8 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Rice, Simon (10 April 2013). "Minute's Silence for Margaret". The Independent (London). Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- Wyatt, Daisy (9 April 2013). "A fitting reaction or a faux pas? Celebrities respond to Thatcher's death on Twitter". The Independent (London).
- ITV News, MPs join 'Grantham Style' campaign for pro-Thatcher hit, 12 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013
- "'Ding-Dong! The Witch Is Dead' Enters iTunes Chart Top 30 After Margaret Thatcher Dies". Huffington Post. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Sean Michaels (9 April 2013). "Anti-Thatcher sentiment primed to sweep through singles charts". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Who's really behind 'I'm in love with Margaret Thatcher'?". Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Campaign to get Burnley band's Margaret Thatcher song to number 1". Lancashire Telegraph. 13 April 2013.
- "Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead misses number one spot". BBC News. 14 April 2013. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "R1 Chart show will not play full Margaret Thatcher song". BBC News. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Cooper, Ben (12 April 2013). "Radio 1's Chart Show on Sunday 14 April 2013". BBC. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "Argentina recalls Thatcher's Falklands legacy – Americas". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "For Margaret Thatcher, few tears shed in South Africa". Global Post. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Moshenberg, Dan (9 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher: no fond farewells from Africa". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "United Nations News Centre – Praising 'Iron Lady,' Ban says 'We will owe a great deal to her leadership'". United Nations. 8 November 1989. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Telegram on Death of Baroness Margaret Thatcher". Vatican Information Service. 9 April 2013.
- "Statement from the President on the Passing of Baroness Margaret Thatcher". White House. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the death of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher".
- Office of the President of France (2012). "Décès de Margaret THATCHER". Présidence de la République – Élysée.fr. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "President Higgins: Thatcher’s legacy will be debated for many years". Thejournal.ie. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Katharine Murphy in Canberra (9 April 2013). "Julia Gillard leads Australian tributes to Margaret Thatcher". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- Hamish Rutherford in Shanghai (9 April 2013). "John Key Pays Tribute To Margaret Thatcher". Stuff.co.nz.
- "Netanyahu: Thatcher a true friend of Jewish People". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Traian Băsescu: "Margaret Thatcher a fost un model pentru mine"". Evz.ro. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Margaret Thatcher will remain forever in history as an inspirational leader of the Free World". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Goni, Uki (11 April 2013). "Argentina responds with a shrug to Thatcher funeral snub". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Mason, Rowena (17 April 2013). "Argentine ambassador snubs Lady Thatcher's funeral". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 16 April 2013.
- Booth, Robert; Tisdall, Simon; MacAskill, Ewen; Elder, Miriam; Smith, David; Osborne, Louise; Willsher, Kim; Roberts, Martin; Hirsch, Afua; Burke, Jason; Sherwood, Harriet; McCurry, Justin (8 April 2013). "Margaret Thatcher's death: reaction from around the world | Politics". The Guardian (London).
- Sam Mkokeli (9 April 2013). "Zuma and ANC tactful about Thatcher legacy | National". BDlive.
- "Putin calls Thatcher 'major politician' : The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcas". :.