Deniz Baykal

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Deniz Baykal
MP Ph.D.
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
31 October 1995 – 6 March 1996
Preceded by Ali Coşkun Kırca
Succeeded by Emre Gönensay
Leader of the CHP
In office
9 September 1992 – 10 May 2010
Preceded by Bülent Ecevit
Succeeded by Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu
Personal details
Born (1938-07-20) July 20, 1938 (age 76)
Antalya, Turkey
Political party Republican People's Party
Spouse(s) Olcay Baykal
Alma mater University of Ankara
University of California
Columbia University
Religion Islam

Deniz Baykal (born 20 July 1938 in Antalya, Turkey) is a Turkish politician. He was a long-time leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP).

Biography[edit]

Baykal was born to Hüseyin Hilmi and Feride in Antalya. He was educated at the University of Ankara Faculty of Law. He later studied at the University of California, Berkeley and Columbia University as a Rockefeller scholar. Following this, he has completed his Ph.D. by 1963 at the University of Ankara Faculty of Political Science. He became an Associate Professor at the same faculty, where he lectured until 1973.

He became a professional politician with the support and encouragement of Bülent Ecevit. He was elected a MP from the Republican People's Party in 1973. He served as the Minister of Finance, Energy and Foreign Affairs in various times throughout his career, as well as one term as a Deputy Prime Minister.

Following the 1980 Turkish coup d'état, along with the other prominent figures of all political parties, he also was arrested, and had been banned from all political activities for five years by the military regime. In 1987 he came back to political scene again, and joined the Social Democratic People's Party. He was elected as a MP from Antalya in 1987 General Elections.

He was elected to the second chair of the Social Democratic People's Party as the General Secretary in 1988.

In 1992, with the abandonment of laws prohibiting the re-foundation of former political parties, he led a significant movement and re-established the historical Republican People's Party (CHP), which had been closed down by 1980 military regime. He was elected as the leader of the party, a post he held until May 2010. Today, his social democratic and secular Republican People's Party is still the second biggest of the country and is the major opposition party in the parliament.[1]

Baykal always held his ground as a staunch supporter of a strong response to terrorism.[2]

He resigned from the leadership of CHP on May 10, 2010. Criticism of his private life after an alleged video-tape showing him in the same bedroom with his former secretary, and a member of parliament Nesrin Baytok, was leaked to the media played a major role in his resignation.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.biyografi.info/kisi/deniz-baykal
  2. ^ http://www.turktime.com/haber/Baykal-Terorle-Mucadelede-Kararli-Olunmali/28248
  3. ^ "Turkey's opposition: Sex, lies and video". The Economist. 13 May 2010. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sadık Tekin Müftüoğlu
Minister of Finance of Turkey
January 26, 1974–November 17, 1974
Succeeded by
Bedri Gürsoy
Preceded by
Hikmet Çetin
Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey
Oct 30, 1995–Mar 6, 1996
Succeeded by
Nahit Menteşe
Preceded by
Ali Coşkun Kırca
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey
Oct 31, 1995–Mar 6, 1996
Succeeded by
Emre Gönensay
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bülent Ecevit
Leader of the Republican People's Party
Sep 9, 1992–Feb 18, 1995
Succeeded by
Hikmet Çetin
Preceded by
Hikmet Çetin
Leader of the Republican People's Party
Sep 9, 1995–Apr 22, 1999
Succeeded by
Altan Öymen
Preceded by
Altan Öymen
Leader of the Republican People's Party
Sep 30, 2000–May 10, 2010
Succeeded by
Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu