Detroit Lakes, Minnesota

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"Detroit Lakes" redirects here. For the Amtrak Station, see Detroit Lakes (Amtrak station).
Detroit Lakes, Minnesota
City
Downtown Detroit Lakes along Washington Avenue
Downtown Detroit Lakes along Washington Avenue
Official seal of Detroit Lakes, Minnesota
Seal
Location of Detroit Lakeswithin Becker Countyin the state of Minnesota
Location of Detroit Lakes
within Becker County
in the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 46°48′48″N 95°50′41″W / 46.81333°N 95.84472°W / 46.81333; -95.84472
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Becker
Government
 • Mayor Matt Brenk
Area[1]
 • Total 15.20 sq mi (39.37 km2)
 • Land 10.22 sq mi (26.47 km2)
 • Water 4.98 sq mi (12.90 km2)
Elevation 1,368 ft (417 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,569
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 8,899
 • Density 838.5/sq mi (323.7/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 56501, 56502
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-15832
GNIS feature ID 0642777[4]
Website www.ci.detroit-lakes.mn.us, www.detroitlakes.com

Detroit Lakes is a city in the State of Minnesota and the county seat of Becker County. The population was 8,569 at the 2010 census.[5] Its unofficial population during summer months is much higher, estimated by citizens to peak at 13,000 midsummer, due to seasonal residents and tourists.

U.S. Highways 10 and 59, and Minnesota State Highway 34 serve as the primary routes through the city. Detroit Lakes is located 45 miles east of the Fargo–Moorhead ND-MN statistical metropolitan area. The nearest major metropolitan area with a population over 300,000 is Minneapolis–Saint Paul, which is approximately 205 miles southeast of Detroit Lakes.

Detroit Lakes is a regional summer and winter recreation destination, attracting large amounts of tourists and seasonal residents each year. Its economy is fueled by seasonal population increases, with tourism being the area's chief industry along with agriculture.

History[edit]

The city of Detroit Lakes was founded by Colonel George Johnston in 1871. The city grew quickly with the construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad. In 1877, an election finally decided that Detroit Lakes, then known as Detroit, was to become the county seat. Detroit won the election by a ninety percent majority. The nearby cities of Frazee, Lake Park, and Audubon were also in the running for the county seat. By 1884, Detroit Lakes had many businesses, including the Hotel Minnesota, the Lakes Hotel, a bank, a newspaper, and an opera house. The first county courthouse was built in Detroit Lakes that year also.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.20 square miles (39.37 km2), of which, 10.22 square miles (26.47 km2) is land and 4.98 square miles (12.90 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Detroit Lakes, Minnesota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 55
(13)
59
(15)
74
(23)
98
(37)
97
(36)
100
(38)
107
(42)
101
(38)
98
(37)
90
(32)
72
(22)
60
(16)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 16
(−9)
24
(−4)
37
(3)
55
(13)
69
(21)
76
(24)
80
(27)
79
(26)
69
(21)
56
(13)
35
(2)
21
(−6)
51.4
(10.9)
Average low °F (°C) −4
(−20)
3
(−16)
17
(−8)
31
(−1)
44
(7)
53
(12)
58
(14)
57
(14)
47
(8)
36
(2)
20
(−7)
4
(−16)
30.5
(−0.9)
Record low °F (°C) −45
(−43)
−46
(−43)
−40
(−40)
−11
(−24)
15
(−9)
28
(−2)
33
(1)
32
(0)
17
(−8)
1
(−17)
−28
(−33)
−41
(−41)
−46
(−43)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.76
(19.3)
0.57
(14.5)
1.15
(29.2)
1.54
(39.1)
2.97
(75.4)
4.41
(112)
4.03
(102.4)
3.67
(93.2)
3.02
(76.7)
2.50
(63.5)
1.10
(27.9)
0.64
(16.3)
26.36
(669.5)
Source: Weather.com[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,510
1900 2,060 36.4%
1910 2,807 36.3%
1920 3,426 22.1%
1930 3,675 7.3%
1940 5,015 36.5%
1950 5,787 15.4%
1960 5,633 −2.7%
1970 5,797 2.9%
1980 7,106 22.6%
1990 6,635 −6.6%
2000 7,348 10.7%
2010 8,569 16.6%
Est. 2013 8,899 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,569 people, 3,864 households, and 2,093 families residing in the city. The population density was 838.5 inhabitants per square mile (323.7 /km2). There were 4,535 housing units at an average density of 443.7 per square mile (171.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.6% White, 0.7% African American, 4.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 3,864 households of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.8% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 41.6 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.6% were from 45 to 64; and 21.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the official census of 2000, there were 7,348 people, 3,319 households, and 1,845 families permanently residing in the city. The population density was 980.4 people per square mile (378.3/km²). There were 3,782 housing units at an average density of 504.6 per square mile (194.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.98% White, 4.50% Native American, 0.53% Asian American, 0.42% African American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 3,319 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.4% were non-families. 40.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 84.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,264, and the median income for a family was $42,267. Males had a median income of $28,939 versus $21,439 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,509. About 9.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Detroit Lakes is the county seat of Becker County, with the county courthouse and law enforcement center being located there. District headquarters for the Minnesota Department of Transportation and the Minnesota State Highway Patrol are also located in the city.

A 9-member City Council serves the city, with Mayor Matt Brenk serving as the 10th voting member in case of a tie. There are three election wards, with two council members serving each of the three primary wards and three serving the "at large" area.[8]

14 city boards and commissions are currently in operation, including the Park Board, Library Board, Public Utilities Commission, Planning Commission, Police Civil Service Commission, the Housing and Redevelopment Authority, the Airport Commission, and the Tourism Bureau.[8]

Detroit Lakes is located in Minnesota's 7th congressional district, represented by Collin Peterson (DFL), the former chairman of the House Agriculture Committee who resides in Detroit Lakes. The city is in Minnesota Senate District 4 after 2012 redistricting, represented by Kent Eken (DFL), and Minnesota House District 4B, represented by Paul Marquart (DFL).

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

The Detroit Lakes campus of the Minnesota State Community and Technical College system is one of four campus locations (others are in Moorhead, Fergus Falls, and Wadena). The Detroit Lakes campus, located on Minnesota Highway 34, enrolls approximately 650 students in 25 different degree programs. The college offers both classroom and online distance education programs and grants AAS, AS, diploma, certificate, and AFA degrees.[9]

K–12[edit]

  • Rossman Elementary School (K–5)
  • Roosevelt Elementary School (K–4)
  • Detroit Lakes Middle School (5–8) (Only from Rossevelt)
  • Detroit Lakes High School (9–12)
  • Lakes Area Learning Center Alternative High School (ALC) (9–12)
  • Holy Rosary Catholic School (K–8) (Private)
  • Faith Christian School (K–8) (Private)
  • Adventist Christian School (K–8) (Private)

Carnegie Library[edit]

Built in 1913 with a $10,000 grant from the Andrew Carnegie Foundation, the Detroit Lakes Public Library is a branch of the Lake Agassiz Regional Library Network (LARL). Originally 4,142 square feet (384.8 m2) on two floors, the library was designed by the architectural firm of Claude and Starck of Madison, Wisconsin. The building today is on the National Register of Historic Places. Most notably, the building features a Louis Sullivan exterior frieze, lead and stained glass windows and doors, and a completely open and unobstructed interior. The building, designed in the prairie school architectural style popularized by such architects as Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright, is also noted for its orange clay-tiled hip roof that defies regional construction convention. In 1985, due to space issues, the original Carnegie building was expanded.[10]

Architecture[edit]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Historic Detroit Lakes Amtrak Depot in winter

Numerous works of architecture and engineering in Detroit Lakes have been added to the National Register of Historic Places. The Detroit Lakes Carnegie Library of the Prairie School architectural style, by architects Claude and Starck and significant of the period from 1900 to 1924, was added to the Register in 1976. The Graystone Hotel, significant of the periods 1900–1924 and 1925–1949, was added in 1999. The Amtrak Depot, formerly the Northern Pacific Passenger Depot and later the Burlington Northern Depot, significant of the periods 1900–1924 and 1925–1949, now primarily serving as a small shop and eatery, was added in 1988. The Homer E. Sargent House on Lake Avenue, currently a privately owned domestic dwelling of the Queen Anne architectural style and significant of the periods 1875–1899 and 1900–1924, was added to the Register in 1988. The Edgewater Beach Cottages, also known as Stovewood Cottages, by architects George Jewell and Frederick Wright and significant of the period 1925–1949, were added in 1989. Fairyland Cottages Historic District on W. Lake Shore Drive, significant of the period 1925–1949, were added to the National Register in 1989. Finally, the Holmes Block (also known as the Opera House Block), including downtown commercial buildings occupying addresses 710–718 Washington Avenue, are significant of various historical periods ranging from 1875 to 1974. The downtown block was added to the National Register in 2001.[11]

Economy[edit]

The city's economy is largely driven by summer tourism and seasonal population increases. A variety of health care services, retail stores, and service businesses are available to area residents and tourists. Detroit Lakes is home to approximately 15 chain and independent hotels. Numerous resorts in the area provide many additional units. The city's downtown offers a 135,000-square-foot (12,500 m2) shopping center, including Washington Square Mall. Most newer chain retail businesses, including discount and home centers, restaurants, and strip malls, are located along Highways 10 and 59. The city is also home to a number of various businesses servicing tourism ranging from sporting goods retailers to amusement parks and river tubing companies. With two industrial parks in the city's outskirts, it is also home to many manufacturing and industrial businesses, including Ramsey Flooring, Snappy, BTD Manufacturing, Friesens, Inc.,Laker Locker, Swheat Scoop Cat Litter, Hartman Hide and Fur, and Land O' Lakes Feed.[8]

Recreation[edit]

In and around Detroit Lakes are several lakes used for fishing, boating, wake sports, sailing, jet-skiing, swimming, and freshwater scuba diving. Most prominent and heavily used is Detroit Lake, which features the mile-long city beach. The beach annually hosts the city's Independence Day celebration and fireworks display. In and around Detroit Lakes are 14 golf courses. The area also features an amusement park, a paintball arena, two river tubing companies, and a horseback riding ranch. The city also hosts the annual Becker County Fair. The Shrine Circus performs in Detroit Lakes each year at the Kent Freeman Arena. In the winter off-season, the area remains a popular recreation destination for ice fishing, snowmobiling, and skiing.

Culture[edit]

Historic Holmes Theatre[edit]

Main entrance to the Historic Holmes Theatre in winter

The Historic Holmes Theatre, a physical and organizational branch of the Detroit Lakes Community and Cultural Center complex, is a recently renovated Art Deco theatre that hosts year-round music, drama and dance performances. With seating for nearly 1,000, the theatre features a wide variety of professional national and international touring shows (including Arlo Guthrie, the Chinese Golden Acrobats, the New York Theatre Ballet, and the Guthrie Theatre), local performing groups (Playhouse 412, Fargo/Moorhead Jazz Arts Group, Wadena Madhatters) and events (wedding receptions, business meetings, and Detroit Lakes' Annual Festival of the Birds).[12]

Music festivals[edit]

Each August since 1983, the city has hosted WE Fest, a prominent camping and country music festival. Campgrounds packed with tents surround a large stage, and the three-day concert attracts around 50,000 music-lovers each summer. In 2007, the attendance reached a record high of 83,000 people over the weekend at the themed "Heavin in '07" concert. The music festival is held annually at the Soo Pass Ranch on Highway 59 south of Detroit Lakes. The 2013 lineup included Eric Church, Keith Urban, Carrie Underwood, Big & Rich, Kellie Pickler, Kenny Rogers, Darius Rucker, Little Big Town, Wade Hayes, and many other stars of country music.

Formerly held in July each year at the Soo Pass Ranch venue, the 10,000 Lakes Festival was put on official hiatus status as of December 18, 2009, until further notice. According to 10KLF.com the festival could not grow to financial success. http://www.10klf.com/. 10KLF featured alternative acts such as Widespread Panic, Dave Matthews Band, Wilco Umphrey's McGee, Atmosphere, Ozomatli, Mason Jennings, Sharon Jones & The Dap Kings, Trampled By Turtles and many others.

Community & Cultural Center[edit]

A recently built Community & Cultural Center serves Detroit Lakes, incorporating a new fitness center with the completely renovated brick building that once was the Holmes School. The fitness and aquatic area features an 8-lane Olympic regulation pool, an indoor track, a fieldhouse featuring 2 basketball courts, a weight room, cardio fitness center, racquetball courts, and a golf driving/putting range. The old 1931 school building houses the renovated 837-seat Historic Holmes Theatre featuring orchestra and balcony level seating, conference rooms, and the Lakes Area Learning Center and Alternative High School. When completed in 2001, a building of 105,000 square feet (9,800 m2) was the result of $9.5 million in expenses.[13]

Religion[edit]

There are several Christian churches in and around the city of Detroit Lakes. In greatest number are Lutheran churches of varied synods. In addition to Holy Rosary Church (a large Roman Catholic parish), the city contains one of each of the following denominational churches: Episcopal Church, United Methodist, Assemblies of God, United Church of Christ, Mennonite, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Community Alliance Church Christian & Missionary Alliance, eXperience Church, Vineyard Church. There is also an interdenominational Christian Fellowship Church.

Local media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Detroit Lakes stations:

Other area stations:

Television[edit]

  • TV3: Lakes Area Television (News/Local Programming)


TV3 is a "commercial supported Public-access television cable TV station" that broadcasts out of Detroit Lakes for the regional Arvig Communication Cable System.

Newspaper[edit]

Forum Communications Company of Fargo, North Dakota, owns and operates the Detroit Lakes Newspapers and also provides the regional daily newspaper, The Forum of Fargo–Moorhead, with coverage spanning the Fargo–Moorhead metropolitan area and much of northwest Minnesota and northeast North Dakota.

Transportation[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Detroit Lakes is referred to in the author John Steinbeck's book, Travels with Charley, as he and his dog Charley drove through the upper midwestern United States.

A postcard depicting the Fairyland Cottages in Detroit Lakes appear in the opening credits of the 1983 movie National Lampoon's Vacation, though the cabins no longer stand.

A fictional version of its courthouse and rural countryside is featured in Ali Selim's 2006 independent film Sweet Land, a love story revolving around a German immigrant's settlement in rural Becker County, Minnesota in the aftermath of World War I. The scene was filmed in Montevideo, Minnesota.

Ed Schultz, MSNBC anchor of his eponymous Ed show, seen weekdays at 5:00 PM EST, often tapes or broadcasts his show live from a studio in Detroit Lakes.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Average Weather of Detroit Lakes, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-05-29. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c information/main.htm "Community Information for the City of Detroit Lakes, Minnesota". 
  9. ^ 2006-11-14 "MSCTC General Information". Minnesota State College System. 
  10. ^ "Lake Agassiz Regional Library Branch Info". Lake Agassiz Regional Library Network. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 
  11. ^ "Architecturally Significant Places". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  12. ^ "Historic Holmes Theater". Art Circle of the Lakes. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  13. ^ "Detroit Lakes Community & Cultural Center Information". www.dlcc.org. Archived from the original on 2007-02-09. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°49′02″N 95°50′43″W / 46.81722°N 95.84528°W / 46.81722; -95.84528