Albert Lea, Minnesota

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Albert Lea, Minnesota
City
The historic downtown
The historic downtown
Motto: Land Between the Lakes
Location of the city of Albert Leawithin Freeborn Countyin the state of Minnesota
Location of the city of Albert Lea
within Freeborn County
in the state of Minnesota
Albert Lea, Minnesota is located in Minnesota
Albert Lea, Minnesota
Albert Lea, Minnesota
Location of the city of Albert Lea
within Freeborn County
in the state of Minnesota
Coordinates: 43°38′52.3″N 93°22′7.5″W / 43.647861°N 93.368750°W / 43.647861; -93.368750
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Freeborn
Settled 1855
Incorporated (village) 1859
Incorporated (city) 1878
Government
 • Mayor Vern Rasmussen Jr.
 • City Manager Chad Adams
 • City Attorney Lee Bjorndal
 • Public Safety Director Dwaine Winkels
Area[1]
 • Total 14.42 sq mi (37.35 km2)
 • Land 12.59 sq mi (32.61 km2)
 • Water 1.83 sq mi (4.74 km2)  12.69%
Elevation 1,243 ft (379 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 18,016
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 17,871
 • Density 1,431.0/sq mi (552.5/km2)
 • Demonym Albert Leans
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP Code 56007
Area code(s) 507
FIPS code 27-00694
GNIS feature ID 0639247[4]
Website cityofalbertlea.org

Albert Lea is a city in and the county seat of Freeborn County in the southeastern part of the State of Minnesota.[5] The population was 18,016 at the 2010 census.[6]

The city is at the junction of Interstates 35 and 90, about 90 miles (140 km) south of the Twin Cities. It is on the shores of Fountain Lake, Pickerel Lake, Albert Lea Lake, Goose Lake, School Lake, and Lake Chapeau. Fountain Lake and Albert Lea Lake are part of the Shell Rock River flowage.

The city's early growth was based upon agriculture, farming support services and manufacturing and was a significant rail center. At one time it was the site of Cargill's headquarters. Other manufacturing included Edwards Manufacturing (barn equipment), Scotsman Ice Machines, Streater Store fixtures, and Universal Milking Machines. Like many U.S. towns much of the manufacturing base has diminished. A long-time center of the city's job opportunity was the Wilson & Company meat packing plant, later known as Farmstead and Farmland. This facility was destroyed by fire in July 2001. The largest employer is currently Mayo Clinic Health System with over 1,500 employees.

History[edit]

Albert Miller Lea

The city is named after Albert Miller Lea, a topographer with the United States Dragoons, who surveyed southern Minnesota and northern Iowa in 1835, including the current site of Albert Lea.[7] Captain Nathan Boone, a son of Daniel Boone, was the scout for Lea's unit.

Albert Lea received national attention in 1959 after Local 6 of the United Packinghouse Workers of America went on strike against Wilson & Co. (one of the Big Four meatpacking plants at the time) over issues involving mandatory overtime requirements.[8] When Wilson & Co. attempted to operate the plant with replacement workers, violence erupted and split the town. During the 109-day strike, Governor Orville Freeman acted to quell the violence by closing the plant, calling in the Minnesota National Guard, and (on December 11) declaring martial law.[9] A Federal district court in Minneapolis ruled against the Governor on December 23, and the plant turned back to Wilson & Co. just days later.[10]

Government[edit]

The city hall is located at 221 East Clark St, Albert Lea, MN 56007. Albert Lea is located in Minnesota's 1st congressional district, represented by Mankato educator Tim Walz, a Democrat (DFL). The Minnesota State Senate District is 27, represented by State Senator Dan Sparks, a member of the DFL. It is in Minnesota's House District 27A, represented in the Minnesota House of Representatives by Shannon Savick, a member of the DFL.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.42 square miles (37.35 km2), of which 12.59 square miles (32.61 km2) is land and 1.83 square miles (4.74 km2) is water.[1] Myre-Big Island State Park is nearby. There are three main lakes in Albert Lea: Fountain Lake, Pickerel Lake and Albert Lea Lake. Coordinates: 43°38′52.3″N 93°22′7.5″W / 43.647861°N 93.368750°W / 43.647861; -93.368750

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,966
1890 3,305 68.1%
1900 4,500 36.2%
1910 6,192 37.6%
1920 8,056 30.1%
1930 10,169 26.2%
1940 12,200 20.0%
1950 13,545 11.0%
1960 17,108 26.3%
1970 19,418 13.5%
1980 19,200 −1.1%
1990 18,310 −4.6%
2000 18,356 0.3%
2010 18,016 −1.9%
Est. 2013 17,871 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 18,016 people, 7,774 households, and 4,644 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,431.0 inhabitants per square mile (552.5 /km2). There were 8,410 housing units at an average density of 668.0 per square mile (257.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.0% White, 1.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.2% of the population.

There were 7,774 households of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.3% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 44 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 26.3% were from 45 to 64; and 22.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,356 people, 7,785 households, and 4,826 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,702.5 people per square mile (657.4/km²). There were 8,133 housing units at an average density of 754.3 per square mile (291.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.80% White, 0.37% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.54% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 9.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 7,785 households, 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.

23.0% of Albert Lea's population were under the age of 18, 7.9% were 18 to 24, 24.6% were 25 to 44, 23.2% were from 45 to 64, and 21.3% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,841, and the median income for a family was $42,407. Males had a median income of $31,383 versus $21,114 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,979. 10.2% of the population and 6.9% of families were below the poverty line. 10.6% of those under the age of 18 and 10.9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Albert Lea, Minnesota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 23
(−5)
27
(−3)
39
(4)
56
(13)
68
(20)
78
(26)
84
(29)
82
(28)
73
(23)
61
(16)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
55.1
(12.9)
Average low °F (°C) 5
(−15)
8
(−13)
21
(−6)
36
(2)
47
(8)
57
(14)
62
(17)
59
(15)
51
(11)
39
(4)
24
(−4)
12
(−11)
35.1
(1.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.8
(20)
0.9
(23)
1.5
(38)
2.5
(64)
4.1
(104)
4.4
(112)
3.7
(94)
3.6
(91)
3.5
(89)
2.0
(51)
1.4
(36)
0.9
(23)
29.2
(742)
Source: Weatherbase[13]

Albert Lea has a warm-summer subtype of the humid continental climate with cold winters to hot summers, with huge contrasts between seasons. Its climate type is typical for inland northern United States locations, but due to its southern position in the state, its summers and winters have higher temperatures respectively than Minneapolis-St. Paul and Duluth.

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sports[edit]

The Albert Lea Thunder was a junior hockey team who played at Albert Lea Ice Arena and was a member of the North American Hockey League. The team operated for two seasons 2008-2010 and was folded due to financial difficulties. On May 11, 2010, it was reported that the team had found new owners and would relocate to Texas for the 2010-2011 season.[5] Their roster was officially sold to the expansion Amarillo, Texas franchise, the Amarillo Bulls, on May 26, 2010.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Early Settlement of Albert Lea". Sequicentennial History. City of Albert Lea. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  8. ^ Register,Cheri (2001) Packinghouse Daughter, HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-093684-3
  9. ^ "Martial Law Ordered in Meat Strike", Oakland Tribune, December 11, 1959, p1
  10. ^ Frost, Richard T. (1961) Cases in State and Local Government, Prentice-Hall LCCR: 61008224
  11. ^ Minnesota Legislators Past & Present - Legislator Record - Murray, Rich
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Albert Lea, Minnesota". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  14. ^ Damien Pierce, Rockets' legendary voices finishing their final season, Houston Rockets, April 15, 2008
  15. ^ NAHL.com, [1], 8th May 2008

External links[edit]