Stillwater, Minnesota

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Stillwater, Minnesota
City
The waterfront of Stillwater on the St. Croix River
The waterfront of Stillwater on the St. Croix River
Official seal of Stillwater, Minnesota
Seal
Nickname(s): The Birthplace of Minnesota
Location of the city of Stillwaterwithin Washington County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Stillwater
within Washington County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 45°3′N 92°49′W / 45.050°N 92.817°W / 45.050; -92.817Coordinates: 45°3′N 92°49′W / 45.050°N 92.817°W / 45.050; -92.817
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Washington
Incorporated March 4, 1854
Government
 • Mayor Ken Harycki
Area[1]
 • Total 7.98 sq mi (20.67 km2)
 • Land 6.96 sq mi (18.03 km2)
 • Water 1.02 sq mi (2.64 km2)
Elevation 696 ft (212 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 18,225
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 18,674
 • Density 2,618.5/sq mi (1,011.0/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55082, 55083
Area code(s) 651
FIPS code 27-62824
GNIS feature ID 0652642[4]
Website www.ci.stillwater.mn.us

Stillwater is a city in Washington County, Minnesota, directly across the St. Croix River from the state of Wisconsin. The population was 18,225 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat.[6] Stillwater is part of the Twin Cities Metro Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.98 square miles (20.67 km2); 6.96 square miles (18.03 km2) is land and 1.02 square miles (2.64 km2) is water.[1] State Highways 36, 95, and 96 are three of the community's main routes.

Stillwater receives an average annual snowfall of 42 inches (1,100 mm). Average annual rainfall is 24 in (610 mm). Each year has an average of 14 days above 90 °F (32 °C).

History[edit]

On July 29 and September 29, 1837, treaties were signed between the US government and the local Ojibwa and Dakota nations that allowed settlement in the St. Croix Valley. The town was founded by settlers drawn by the area's then-abundant lumber and river traffic, making it one of Minnesota's oldest towns, preceding Minneapolis by several years. Stillwater was officially incorporated as a city on March 4, 1854 (the same day as St. Paul).

Stillwater c. 1860s
Across the street from the Courthouse, the Veterans' Memorial for local veterans.

Stillwater is often referred to as the birthplace of Minnesota.[7] In 1848, a territorial convention that began the process of establishing Minnesota as a state was held in Stillwater, at the corner of Myrtle and Main Streets. Minnesota officially became a territory in 1849 and a state in 1858.

As more evidence of Stillwater's importance at the time, the convention selected three leading Minnesota cities as locations for three important public institutions: Minneapolis got the University of Minnesota, Saint Paul became the capital, and Stillwater was chosen as the site of the territory's first prison. The Minnesota Territorial Prison was opened in 1853.

Lumbering was the predominant industry in the St. Croix River Valley in the second half of the 19th century, and for many years logs were sent down the St. Croix, collected at the St. Croix Boom Site two miles upstream of Stillwater, and processed in Stillwater's many sawmills. Steamboats were used most widely from 1860 to 1890, and a few are still used for entertainment today.

Stillwater sent men of the 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Company B and the 8th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment Company C to fight during the American Civil War.[8][9]

On October 18, 1921, Charles Strite invented the bread toaster in Stillwater. By 1926, the Toastmaster Company began to market the first household toaster using a redesigned version of Strite's.[10]

Stillwater today[edit]

Stillwater is a popular day trip for tourists from the Twin Cities, who enjoy the historic downtown's used bookstores, antique shops, restaurants, bed and breakfasts, historical sites and the scenic St. Croix River valley.

New housing development[edit]

In recent decades, there has been a good deal of new housing development on the city's outskirts, and a substantial population commutes daily to the Twin Cities. More recently, development has focused on medium-density housing, such as condominium complexes, on the north side of downtown.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,380
1870 4,124 73.3%
1880 9,055 119.6%
1890 11,260 24.4%
1900 12,818 13.8%
1910 10,198 −20.4%
1920 7,735 −24.2%
1930 7,173 −7.3%
1940 7,013 −2.2%
1950 7,674 9.4%
1960 8,310 8.3%
1970 10,191 22.6%
1980 12,290 20.6%
1990 13,882 13.0%
2000 15,143 9.1%
2010 18,225 20.4%
Est. 2013 18,674 2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2013 Estimate[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 18,225 people, 7,075 households, and 4,885 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,618.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,011.0/km2). There were 7,576 housing units at an average density of 1,088.5 per square mile (420.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 1.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 7,075 households, of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 29% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,143 people, 5,797 households, and 4,115 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,340.0 people per square mile (903.7/km²). There were 5,926 housing units at an average density of 915.7 per square mile (353.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.0% White, 0.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

Lift Bridge

There were 5,797 households, out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $57,154, and the median income for a family was $72,188. Males had a median income of $49,158 versus $33,680 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,163. About 3.0% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Attractions[edit]

Cultural references[edit]

  • In The Mighty Ducks films, one of the two "bash brothers", Fulton Reed (played by Elden Henson), claims to be from Stillwater.
  • The novel series The Emigrants and the musical Kristina från Duvemåla tell the story of a family of Swedish emigrants who journey to Minnesota in 1850. Much of the story takes place in Stillwater.
  • In Juno, Bren MacGuff mentions purchasing an expensive womanly item at a Stillwater store.
  • In the Supernatural episode "The Purge", Sam and Dean head to Stillwater when a competitive eater mysteriously dies in impossible circumstances.

Movies filmed wholly or partially in Stillwater[edit]

Notable People[edit]

Zach Sobiech, American folk rock singer-songerwriter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]