Grand Marais, Minnesota

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Grand Marais, Minnesota
City
Lake Superior harbor in downtown Grand Marais
Lake Superior harbor in downtown Grand Marais
Location of the city of Grand Maraiswithin Cook County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Grand Marais
within Cook County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°45′14″N 90°20′7″W / 47.75389°N 90.33528°W / 47.75389; -90.33528
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Cook
Area[1]
 • Total 2.90 sq mi (7.51 km2)
 • Land 2.90 sq mi (7.51 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 617 ft (188 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,351
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,344
 • Density 465.9/sq mi (179.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55604
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-24992[4]
GNIS feature ID 0656425[5]
Website www.ci.grand-marais.mn.us

Grand Marais is a city in Cook County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 1,351 at the 2010 census.[6] It is also the county seat of Cook County.[7] Grand Marais is French for “Great Marsh,” referring to a marsh, which in early fur-trading times was 20 acres (81,000 m2) or less in area, nearly at the level of Lake Superior, and situated at the head of the little bay and harbor that led to the settlement of the village there. Another small bay on the east, less protected from storms, is separated from the harbor by a slight projecting point and a short beach. In allusion to the two bays, the Ojibwe name for the area is Gichi-biitoobiig[8] which means "great duplicate water," "parallel body of water" or "double body of water" (like a bayou), a reference to the two bays which form the large harbor off Lake Superior.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.90 square miles (7.51 km2), all of it land.[1] Grand Marais is located on the northwestern shore of Lake Superior in northeastern Minnesota, and is an entry point for the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, being at the beginning of the Gunflint Trail. The Superior Hiking Trail passes near Grand Marais and Judge C. R. Magney State Park is nearby with the peculiar Devil's Kettle waterfalls.

Road access to Grand Marais is by Minnesota Highway 61, which heads northeast following the shore of Lake Superior and is known as the North Shore Scenic Drive. The Gunflint Trail (Cook County Road 12) begins in Grand Marais and heads northwest away from the lake and into the Boundary Waters region.

Grand Marais is located 110 miles northeast of Duluth; and 40 miles southwest of the U.S.–Canadian border.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Grand Marais, Minnesota (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 24.7
(−4.1)
28.4
(−2)
36.3
(2.4)
47.4
(8.6)
56
(13)
63.6
(17.6)
71.2
(21.8)
72.1
(22.3)
64.3
(17.9)
52.1
(11.2)
39.3
(4.1)
28
(−2)
48.7
(9.3)
Average low °F (°C) 6.5
(−14.2)
9.9
(−12.3)
19
(−7)
30.1
(−1.1)
37.9
(3.3)
44
(7)
51.7
(10.9)
54.3
(12.4)
47.4
(8.6)
36.4
(2.4)
25.2
(−3.8)
12
(−11)
31.3
(−0.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.81
(20.6)
0.5
(13)
0.87
(22.1)
1.67
(42.4)
2.53
(64.3)
3.61
(91.7)
3.12
(79.2)
2.71
(68.8)
3
(80)
3.1
(79)
1.7
(43)
0.98
(24.9)
24.6
(625)
Snowfall inches (cm) 13.6
(34.5)
6.1
(15.5)
5.9
(15)
2.1
(5.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
3.7
(9.4)
10.6
(26.9)
42.1
(106.9)
Source: National Climatic Data Center [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 355
1920 443 24.8%
1930 618 39.5%
1940 855 38.3%
1950 1,078 26.1%
1960 1,301 20.7%
1970 1,301 0.0%
1980 1,289 −0.9%
1990 1,171 −9.2%
2000 1,353 15.5%
2010 1,351 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,351 people, 673 households, and 331 families residing in the city. The population density was 465.9 inhabitants per square mile (179.9/km2). There were 863 housing units at an average density of 297.6 per square mile (114.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.4% White, 0.4% African American, 2.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 673 households of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.8% were non-families. 43.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.67.

The median age in the city was 48.4 years. 18.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 30.8% were from 45 to 64; and 23% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.9% male and 54.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,353 people, 645 households, and 341 families residing in the city. The population density was 506.7 people per square mile (195.7/km²). There were 722 housing units at an average density of 270.4 per square mile (104.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.97% White, 2.81% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 1.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population. 23.3% were of Norwegian, 20.2% German, 11.8% Swedish, 7.0% Irish and 6.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 645 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 42.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 26.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,493, and the median income for a family was $46,563. Males had a median income of $31,500 versus $23,393 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,863. About 7.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.

Festivals[edit]

Several festivals take place over the summer in Grand Marais:

  • The Dragon Boat Festival is held during the last weekend in July. Each boat is shaped like a dragon, with 20 oarsman, a drummer, and a steersperson. The proceeds raised go to three North Shore non-profit organizations: WTIP Radio the North Shore Health Care Foundation and the North House Folk School.[11]
  • Fisherman's Picnic is held in Grand Marais during the first weekend in August.[12] It refers back to the days when the area's economy was based on logging and commercial fishing, and the community would gather for a shoreline potluck picnic featuring a fish fry of fresh Lake Superior herring. The tradition continues with the Lions Club's Famous Fishburger Stand. Herring, still provided by local commercial fisherman, is dipped in coating, fried golden brown and served piping hot on a hot dog bun."[13]

Historic lodges and resorts[edit]

Media[edit]

Newspapers

Radio

  • WMLS FM 88.7 - MPR Classical,
  • WLSN FM 89.7 - MPR News and Talk,
  • WTIP FM 90.7 - North Shore Community Radio,
  • WXXZ FM 95.3 - rebroadcast of KQDS-FM in Duluth.

Outdoor recreation[edit]

Culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ Weshki-ayaad, Lippert, Gambil. Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary
  9. ^ Upham, Warren. "Grand Marais" in Minnesota Place Names
  10. ^ http://ggweather.com/normals/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Accessed 06/27/11. "North Shore Dragon Boat Festival"
  12. ^ Accessed 06/27/11."Grand Marais Fisherman's Picnic August 4-7, 2011"
  13. ^ http://www.eastbaysuites.com/activities-and-events/events/fishermans-picnic.php East Bay Suites Website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°44′57.16″N 90°19′59.16″W / 47.7492111°N 90.3331000°W / 47.7492111; -90.3331000