Grand Rapids, Minnesota

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Grand Rapids, Minnesota
City
Location of the city of Grand Rapidswithin Itasca County, Minnesota
Location of the city of Grand Rapids
within Itasca County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°14′0″N 93°31′45″W / 47.23333°N 93.52917°W / 47.23333; -93.52917
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Itasca
Founded Circa 1872
Incorporated (village) June 9, 1891
Government
 • Type Mayor – Council
 • Mayor Dale Adams
Area[1]
 • Total 24.44 sq mi (63.30 km2)
 • Land 22.56 sq mi (58.43 km2)
 • Water 1.88 sq mi (4.87 km2)
Elevation 1,286 ft (392 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 10,869
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 10,989
 • Density 481.8/sq mi (186.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 55730, 55744, 55745
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-25118
GNIS feature ID 0656428[4]
Website grandrapids.govoffice.com

Grand Rapids is a city in Itasca County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 10,869 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Itasca County[6].

The city of Grand Rapids is named for the 3.5-mile (5.6 km) long local rapids in the Mississippi River, which was the uppermost limit of practical steamboat travel during the late 19th century. Today, those rapids are hidden underneath the dam of the Blandin Paper Mill.

History[edit]

Grand Rapids was originally founded as a logging town, as the Mississippi River provided an optimal method of log shipment to population centers. The predecessor of the Blandin paper mill was opened in 1902.[7]

On top of being a logging town it is home to the famous actress/singer known as Judy Garland, who was born as Frances Ethel Gumm.

The Forest History Center is a State Historic Site and a living history museum that recreates life as it was in a turn of the 20th century logging camp. Costumed interpreters guide visitors through a recreated circa 1890's logging camp to educate the public on the history of white pine logging and its relevance to today's economy. Miles of nature trails, educational naturalist programming, and an interpretive museum are also located on the site.

Old Central School, located in downtown Grand Rapids, was built in 1895 in the Richardsonian Romanesque style of architecture. The three story building served as an elementary school from 1895 to 1972. A community effort restored the building in 1984 and it now serves as a location for commerce and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.44 square miles (63.30 km2), of which 22.56 square miles (58.43 km2) is land and 1.88 square miles (4.87 km2) is water.[1]

Grand Rapids is the county seat of Itasca County, a county that contains over 1000 lakes.

The city of Grand Rapids sits at the junction of U.S. Highways 2 and 169. U.S. Highway 2 runs west towards Bemidji and east towards Duluth. U.S. Highway 169 heads south to Hill City, and ultimately towards the city of Minneapolis. In the other direction, U.S. Highway 169 heads up the Mesabi Range until it reaches the city of Virginia, passing through Hibbing and several other smaller towns along the way. Grand Rapids is also the starting point of State Highway 38, running 47 miles (76 km) north along the Edge of the Wilderness Scenic Byway towards Effie. State Highway 38 has been designated a National Scenic Byway by the United States Department of Transportation.

Major highways[edit]

The following routes are located within the city of Grand Rapids.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,428
1910 2,230 56.2%
1920 2,914 30.7%
1930 3,205 10.0%
1940 4,875 52.1%
1950 6,019 23.5%
1960 7,265 20.7%
1970 7,247 −0.2%
1980 7,934 9.5%
1990 7,976 0.5%
2000 7,764 −2.7%
2010 10,869 40.0%
Est. 2013 10,989 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 10,869 people, 4,615 households, and 2,633 families residing in the city. The population density was 481.8 inhabitants per square mile (186.0 /km2). There were 4,910 housing units at an average density of 217.6 per square mile (84.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.6% African American, 1.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 4,615 households of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.9% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 42 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 20.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,764 people, 3,446 households, and 1,943 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,057.8 people per square mile (408.4/km²). There were 3,621 housing units at an average density of 493.3 per square mile (190.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.53% White, 0.28% African American, 1.93% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 3,446 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,991, and the median income for a family was $39,468. Males had a median income of $36,035 versus $20,759 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,223. About 9.2% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Grand Rapids is represented at the federal and state level by:

  • U.S. House of Representatives 8th District – by Democrat Rick Nolan
  • Minnesota Senate District 5 – by Democrat Tom Saxhaug
  • Minnesota House of Representatives District 5B – by Democrat Tom Anzelc

Economy[edit]

Historically, the local economy was based on timber harvesting, and to this day, Blandin Paper Mill, now owned by the Finnish-based UPM paper company, has its papermaking facilities in downtown Grand Rapids, while Ainsworth (formerly Potlach) located just outside of the city limits, produced oriented strand board until it ceased operation in September 2006.

The Mesabi Range or Iron Range region of Minnesota begins with one iron mine to the southwest and a number to the northeast of the city. Although technically and geographically a member of the Iron Range, Grand Rapids and its economy has been historically based on paper manufacturing and other wood products. Its current economy also has a large tourist footing, with many local resorts, four golf courses, over one million acres (4,000 km²) of public and industrial forestlands that provide excellent regional hunting, and more than 1,000 lakes for fishing. It also is the service center for 46,000 people due to a large seasonal and weekend population of summer residences on surrounding lakes, and a number of smaller bedroom communities located near Grand Rapids.

Grand Rapids was the first rural city in Minnesota to be served by an Advanced Life Support Ambulance Service.[citation needed]

Annual tourism events[edit]

  • Mississippi Melodie Showboat – July
  • Itasca Vintage Car Show – July
  • Tall Timber Days – August
  • White Oak Rendezvous and Festival – August
  • Grand Slam of Golf Tournament – August
  • Goods From the Woods – September
  • National Ruffed Grouse Society Annual Hunt – October
  • White Oak Classic Dog Sled Race – January
  • Judy Garland Festival – July

Education[edit]

Grand Rapids has one of the few competitive high school marching bands north of the Twin Cities. Schools in ISD 318 include:

  • Southwest Elementary
  • Murphy Elementary
  • Forest Lake Elementary
  • St. Joseph's Elementary
  • Cohasset Elementary
  • Robert J. Elkington Middle School
  • Grand Rapids High School
  • Bigfork School in Bigfork

Grand Rapids also has the following parochial and secondary schools:

Media[edit]

Local radio stations[edit]

The following radio stations based in Grand Rapids. The city is also served by many other radio stations from around the Iron Range area.

Newspapers[edit]

  • Grand Rapids Herald-Review – Published on Sundays and Wednesdays.

Television stations[edit]

Grand Rapids TV is primarily fed in from Duluth, MN television stations, but some cable subscribers also receive Bemidji, MN & Minneapolis, MN television stations as well. Local government and community events are covered by the local community television station. Television stations available in Grand Rapids are:

Notable people[edit]

Judy Garland's Birthplace

Grand Rapids was the birthplace and early childhood home of legendary singer and actress Judy Garland, although her family moved to Lancaster, California, when she was four years old. The Itasca County Historical Society maintains a Judy Garland exhibit in their Heritage Museum and Judy's fully restored birthplace, in a home built in 1892, is open to the public as the Judy Garland Museum.

Notable people who were born in Grand Rapids or lived in the city include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Grand Rapids Minnesota
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°14′14″N 93°31′49″W / 47.23722°N 93.53028°W / 47.23722; -93.53028