Eastern Promises

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Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises Poster.jpg
UK release poster
Directed by David Cronenberg
Produced by
Screenplay by Steven Knight
Narrated by Tatiana Maslany
Starring
Music by Howard Shore
Cinematography Peter Suschitzky
Editing by Ronald Sanders
Studio
Distributed by
Release dates
  • September 8, 2007 (2007-09-08)
Running time 100 minutes
Country United Kingdom
United States
Canada
Language English
Russian
Turkish
Ukrainian
Budget $50 million[1]
Box office $56,106,607[2]

Eastern Promises is a 2007 British[3] crime thriller film directed by David Cronenberg, from a screenplay written by Steven Knight. The film stars Viggo Mortensen, Naomi Watts and Vincent Cassel, and tells a story of a British midwife's interactions with the Russian Mafia in London. Principal photography began November 2006, in locations in and around London. The film has been noted for its plot twist, the subject of sex trafficking, and for its violence and realistic depiction of Russian career criminals, which includes detailed portrayal of the tattoos commonly worn by them.

Eastern Promises received positive critical reception, appearing on several critics' "top 10 films" lists for 2007. The film has won several awards, including the Audience Prize for best film at the Toronto International Film Festival and the Best Actor award for Mortensen at the British Independent Film Awards. The film received twelve Genie Award nominations and three Golden Globe Award nominations. Mortensen was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.

Plot[edit]

Anna Khitrova (Naomi Watts), a British-Russian midwife at a London hospital, finds a Russian-language diary on the body of Tatiana, a 14-year-old girl who dies in childbirth. She also finds a card for the Trans-Siberian Restaurant, which is owned by Semyon (Armin Mueller-Stahl), an old vor in the Russian Mafia. Anna thus sets out to track down the girl's family so that she can find a home for the baby girl, having meetings with Semyon who she initially regards as friendly. Anna's mother Helen (Sinéad Cusack) does not discourage her, but Anna's Ukrainian uncle and self-described former KGB officer, Stepan (Jerzy Skolimowski), whom Anna asks for help with the translation of the diary, urges caution. Through translation of the diary, Anna comes to learn that Semyon and his unstable son Kirill (Vincent Cassel) had abused the girl, addicted her to heroin, forced her into prostitution, and raped her. Ultimately, Anna realises that the baby was fathered by Semyon.

Semyon's driver is Nikolai Luzhin (Viggo Mortensen), who also serves as the family cleaner, dumping murdered bodies in the River Thames. Through Nikolai, Semyon, fearing prosecution, promises to give the location of the girl's family to Anna if she hands back the diary. Nikolai takes the diary but does not give a location, instead urging Anna to keep the baby in London. Semyon distrusts Anna's uncle Stepan and orders Nikolai to kill him. Nikolai accepts and soon Stepan goes missing. As Nikolai's star rises within the vory, an impressed Semyon sponsors him as a full member, due in part to Nikolai's protection of Semyon's incompetent son, who authorized a hit on a rival Chechen vory leader with the help of a Kurdish associate, Azim. The hit was ill-advised and not approved by Semyon. The Chechen hitmen soon arrive in London seeking vengeance and kill Azim's nephew who also took part in the hit. Semyon hatches a plan to trick Nikolai into temporarily taking Kirill's place during a meeting at the baths with Azim. The Chechens attack, thinking Nikolai is Kirill, but Nikolai kills them both, ending up in the hospital with severe wounds.

It is revealed that Nikolai is actually an FSB agent who has infiltrated the gang, working under license by the British Government and a senior police officer (Donald Sumpter). As part of his undercover duties, Nikolai was able to read Tatiana's diary before Seymon destroyed it and hatched a plan to have Semyon arrested for statutory rape, with a paternity test of Tatiana's baby as evidence. Stepan is also safe, hiding in a 5-star hotel in Edinburgh for protection. Semyon orders Kirill to kidnap the baby girl and kill her but as Kirill sits by the Thames, Nikolai and Anna find him and persuade him to give the baby back. Nikolai and Kirill embrace as Nikolai tells him that his father is finished and they are now the bosses. Nikolai and Anna then kiss and part for the last time. Nikolai succeeds Semyon as boss of the organization and Anna gains custody of Tatiana's baby, whom she names Christine.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Locations[edit]

Shooting began in November 2006, and various scenes were filmed in St John Street, Farringdon, London. Filming also took place in Broadway Market, Hackney and in Brompton Cemetery in the London Borough of Kensington & Chelsea.

The "Trans-Siberian Restaurant" is located in The Farmiloe Building,[4] 34 St John Street, next to Smithfield Market. This is the 6th most popular film and TV location in London,[5] having also been used for Spooks, Penelope and Batman Begins.[6]

The entrance to the "Ankara Social Club" of the film is actually the front door of a residential flat. The Broadway Market hair dresser known as "Broadway Gents Hairstylist" was changed to "Azim's Hair Salon", where in the film one of the Russians is murdered. The owner Mr. Ismail Yesiloglu decided to keep most of the shop front after filming. In the original script, the name was "Ozim's Hair Salon", but it was later changed to "Azim's" as there is no such name as Ozim in Turkish.

The "Trafalgar Hospital" is actually the Middlesex Hospital, a hospital in the Fitzrovia area of London, which closed to patients in December 2005. The building in central London, which was knocked down in 2008, had the inscription 'Trafalgar Hospital', matching the style and apparent age of the old Middlesex Hospital, inserted into the legend above the main door.

The fight scene in the Turkish Baths was filmed on a custom set[7] based on the Ironmonger Row Baths in Islington.

Tattoos[edit]

Viggo Mortensen as Nikolai Luzhin in the film.

Viggo Mortensen studied Russian gangsters and their tattoos. Mortensen spent a lot of time with a Russian Mafia specialist, Gilly McKenzie (organised crime specialist for the UN) and also consulted a documentary on the subject called The Mark of Cain (2000).[8] The tattoos that he wore, according to the New York Daily News, were so realistic that diners in a Russian restaurant in London fell silent out of fear, until Mortensen revealed his identity and admitted the tattoos were for a film.[9] From that day on he washed off his tattoos whenever he went off the set. Mortensen said of the significance of the tattoos:

"I talked to...(authentic gangsters and Gilly McKenzie)...about what they meant and where they were on the body, what that said about where they'd been, what their specialties were, what their ethnic and geographical affiliations were," Mortensen says. "Basically their history, their calling card, is their body."[10]

With one exception, the tattoos Mortensen wore were accurate for the character he played. The crucifix on his chest is inappropriate for a mob chauffeur, since it incorrectly indicates that he is a "Prince Of Thieves" in the Russian Mafia. A few positions below a "Godfather" within the Russian Mafia[citation needed]

Violence[edit]

Consistent with the trademark violence in much of Cronenberg's work, Eastern Promises features a graphically violent fight scene in a steam bath where the combatants wield linoleum knives. When asked in an interview about the difference between "gun violence" and "knife violence," Cronenberg replied, "We have no guns in this movie. There were no guns in the script. The choice of those curved knives we use in the steam bath was mine. They're not some kind of exotic Turkish knives, they're linoleum knives. I felt that these guys could walk around in the streets with these knives, and if they were ever caught, they could say 'we're linoleum cutters'."[11]

Director's commentary[edit]

Adam Nayman of Eye Weekly reported that director David Cronenberg said "just don't give the plot away" and Nayman wrote "his request is understandable." Nayman said "there is one scene – the in-depth discussion of which prompted the director's anti-spoiler request referenced at the top of this story – that should rank not only in his personal pantheon of spectacularly deployed gore but among the most exhilaratingly visceral patches of cinema, period, full stop."[12] Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert noted Cronenberg's quote and agreed, saying: "He is correct that it would be fatal, because this is not a movie of what or how, but of why. And for a long time you don't see the why coming."[13]

Release[edit]

The film premiered September 8, 2007 at the Toronto International Film Festival[14] where it won the Audience Prize for best film on September 15, 2007.[15] Eastern Promises opened in limited release in Russia on September 13, 2007.[14]

In the United States and Canada, the film opened in limited release in 15 theaters on September 14, 2007 and grossed $547,092 — averaging $36,472 per theater.[16] The film opened in wide release in the United States and Canada on September 21, 2007 (expanding to 1,404 theaters) and ranked #5 at the box office, grossing $5,659,133 — an average of $4,030 per theater.[16] The film has grossed $51,202,291 worldwide as of January 31, 2008 — $17,266,000 in the United States and Canada and $33,936,291 in other territories.[2]

The film took part in competition at the San Sebastian Film Festival September 20, 2007.[citation needed]

The film was shown at the London Film Festival on October 17, 2007 and was released in the United Kingdom on October 26, 2007.[14]

Music[edit]

Track listing[edit]

No. Title Artist(s)[17] Length
1. "Dark Eyes" (Russian: Очи чёрные (Ochi chyornye)) Unknown 01:40

Reception[edit]

The film received widespread positive reviews from critics. As of June 5, 2010, the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 89% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 186 reviews.[18] On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 82/100, based on 35 reviews.[19] Todd McCarthy of Variety,[20] David Elliott of The San Diego Union-Tribune,[21] and film critic Tony Medley noted the twists in the film.[22]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of four stars and wrote "Eastern Promises is no ordinary crime thriller, just as Cronenberg is no ordinary director", and said that "Cronenberg has moved film by film into the top rank of directors, and here he wisely reunites with Mortensen" who "digs so deeply into the role you may not recognize him at first." Ebert said the film has a fight scene that "sets the same kind of standard that The French Connection set for chases. Years from now, it will be referred to as a benchmark."[13]

J. Hoberman of The Village Voice said "I've said it before and hope to again: David Cronenberg is the most provocative, original, and consistently excellent North American director of his generation." Hoberman said the film is "directed with considerable formal intelligence and brooding power" and continues the trend of "murderous family dramas" seen in Spider and A History of Violence. Hoberman called the film "graphic but never gratuitous in its violence", "garish yet restrained", "a masterful mood piece", "deceptively generic" and said the film "suggests a naturalized version of the recent Russian horror flick Night Watch." When describing the cast, Hoberman said "Mueller-Stahl may be perfunctory...but Vincent Cassel literally flings himself into [his role]" and "Mortensen is even more electrifying as Nikolai than in A History of Violence".[23]

Chris Vognar of The Dallas Morning News gave the film a "B+" and said "The film's genius performance belongs to the venerable Armin Mueller-Stahl, who plays the family head with a twinkling eye and an air of avuncular, Old World charm." Vognar wrote "Where some may see melodrama, Mr. Cronenberg locates timeless, elemental struggles between good and evil, right and wrong. But he makes sure to place a mysterious gray area front and center, personified here by Mr. Mortensen's Nikolai", writing "Nikolai Luzhin is...like Ray Bradbury's Illustrated Man...only more dangerous" and "scarily enigmatic." Vognar wrote that Eastern Promises shares themes of "ambiguous identity and rage-soaked duality" with A History of Violence and said both films "have a lock-step precision and both take a sly kind of joy in subverting genre expectations." Vognar said Eastern Promises "is a little too mechanical for its own good...but the mechanics also produce an admirable crispness and sense of purpose, a sense that the man behind the camera knows exactly what he's doing at all times."[24]

Film Journal International critic Doris Toumarkine said the film is a "highly entertaining but sometimes revolting look at a particularly venal branch of the Russian mob." Toumarkine wrote that Mortensen and Watts "are intriguing moral counterpoints. They are also the key ingredients that make Eastern Promises a highly delectable and cinematically rich borsht that upscale film fans will devour." She described Mortensen's performance as "startling," called Watts "touching," Cassel "particularly delicious," but said "Mueller-Stahl, Cusack, and Skolimowski don’t have as much to chew on." She said the film "is also blessed by Howard Shore's restrained score, which lets the film’s other estimable elements breathe through." Toumarkine also said the film is "essentially a character-driven crime thriller but is also a bloody tour de force laced with considerable nudity and sexually bold content that will rattle the squeamish."[25]

Bruce Westbrook of the Houston Chronicle gave the film one star out of four and said it had a "contrived plot" and wrote "what it's really about, more than sensitivity for displaced people or social analyses, is violence — hideous, gruesome, over-the-top violence." Westbrook said "For Cronenberg, such cheap sensationalism is business as usual, and this far into his career, that business has slipped into artistic bankruptcy." Westbrook wrote the film "isn't about Russian gangs so much as Cronenberg's own dark passions not just for violence but excruciating carnage, which he brandishes mercilessly" and that the film was "a stifling descent into grim shock and disturbing awe."[26]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Eastern Promises won the Audience Prize for best film on September 15, 2007 at the Toronto International Film Festival.[15]

The film received three Golden Globe nominations for the 65th Golden Globe Awards, being nominated for Best Motion Picture - Drama, Best Original Score and a Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama nomination for Mortensen, but the film failed to win any.[27][28]

The film was nominated in five different categories in the British Independent Film Awards for 2007, and won in one category, gaining a Best Performance by an Actor in a British Independent Film award for Mortensen.[29]

Mortensen was also nominated for Academy Award for Best Actor at the 80th Academy Awards,[30] but told the Associated Press: "If there's a strike I will not go." — a reference to the ongoing Writers Guild of America strike.[31] On February 12, 2008 the strike ended, and he attended the ceremony, although he lost the award to Daniel Day-Lewis for There Will Be Blood.

Eastern Promises received 12 nominations at the 28th Genie Awards, tying with the film Shake Hands with the Devil for most nominations, and won 7.[32][33][34][35]

Top ten lists[edit]

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2007.[36]

Sequel[edit]

Speaking in August 2010, Cassel said that a sequel was discussed with Cronenberg whilst they were filming A Dangerous Method. Cassel suggested that the sequel will be filmed in Russia with Cassel and Mortensen reprising their roles.[38]

In April 2012, producer Paul Webster told Screen International that a sequel was in the works, which would reunite director Cronenberg, writer Knight and actor Mortensen. The film was said to be made by Websters new production company Shoebox Films in collaboration with Focus Features and was to begin production in early 2013.[39] That August, however, Cronenberg stated that Eastern Promises 2 was "dead": "We were supposed to start shooting 'Eastern Promises 2' in October... [But] It's done. If you don't like it talk to James Schamus at Focus. It was his decision."[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eastern Promises". The-Numbers.com. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Eastern Promises (2007)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  3. ^ "EASTERN PROMISES". BFI.org.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Pictures of the Farmiloe Building at LocationWorks.com".[dead link]
  5. ^ "BA London Eye Tops List of London's Most Popular Film Locations". 21 August 2006.
  6. ^ "Location of the Month June 2005". FilmLondon.org.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  7. ^ Per DVD commentary.
  8. ^ John Clark (9 September 2007). "Viggo Mortensen digs into naked emotional turf". New York Daily News. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  9. ^ Nanna Louise Teckemeier (18 January 2007). (Danish) "Viggo is frightening (original Danish title: Viggo er skræmmende)". Ekstra Bladet. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  10. ^ "Oscar acting nominees speak out". NyDailyNews.com. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Eastern Promises". Film Society Lincoln Center. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Adam Nayman (30 August 2007). "INDELIBLE INK". Eye Weekly. Retrieved 22 October 2007. 
  13. ^ a b Roger Ebert (14 September 2007). "Eastern Promises". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 22 October 2007. ""Just don't give the plot away," Cronenberg begged in that interview. He is correct that it would be fatal, because this is not a movie of what or how, but of why. And for a long time you don't see the why coming." 
  14. ^ a b c "Eastern Promises (2007) – Release Info". IMDb. Amazon.com. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
  15. ^ a b Tamsen Tillson (16 September 2007). "'Promises' wins best film in Toronto". Variety. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  16. ^ a b "Eastern Promises (2007) – Weekend Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  17. ^ Ford, Rebecca (6 September 2011). "'Drive' Soundtrack to Be Released". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  18. ^ "Eastern Promises". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  19. ^ "Eastern Promises". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 13 December 2007. 
  20. ^ Todd McCarthy (8 September 2007). "Eastern Promises". Variety. Retrieved 14 September 2007. 
  21. ^ David Elliott (13 September 2007). "A history of violence". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 15 November 2007. 
  22. ^ Tony Medley. "Eastern Promises". TonyMedley.com. Retrieved 15 November 2007. 
  23. ^ J. Hoberman (11 September 2007). "Still Cronenberg". Village Voice. Retrieved 14 September 2007. 
  24. ^ Chris Vognar (14 September 2007). "Eastern Promises". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 14 September 2007. 
  25. ^ Doris Toumarkine. "EASTERN PROMISES". Film Journal International. Retrieved 14 September 2007. 
  26. ^ Bruce Westbrook (14 September 2007). "Hideous, gruesome, over-the-top violence". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 14 September 2007. 
  27. ^ "65th Golden Globe Awards Nominations & Winners". GoldenBlobes.org. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2008. 
  28. ^ "Hollywood Foreign Press Association 2008 Golden Globe Awards for the Year Ended December 31, 2007". GoldenGlobes.org. 13 December 2007. Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2007. 
  29. ^ "British Independent Film Awards 2007 nominations". British Independent Film Awards. Archived from the original on 2007-12-26. Retrieved 24 January 2008. 
  30. ^ "80th Academy Awards nominations". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 2008-01-23. Retrieved 22 January 2008. 
  31. ^ Stephen M. Silverman (22 January 2008). "Viggo Mortensen Won't Cross Oscar Picket Line". People. Retrieved 22 January 2008. 
  32. ^ Maria Kubacki (29 January 2008). "Violent mobsters, Alzheimer's and genocide: It's Canadian cinema!". National Post. Archived from the original on 19 May 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  33. ^ Etan Vlessing (29 January 2008). ""Promises," "Devil" each nab 12 Genie nominations". Reuters.com. Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  34. ^ "Eastern Promises and Shake hands With The Devil Lead in 2008 Genie Award Nominations" (PDF). Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television. 28 January 2008. p. 4. Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  35. ^ "28th Genie Awards". Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television. Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  36. ^ "Metacritic: 2007 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2008. 
  37. ^ Travers, Peter (December 19, 2007). "Peter Travers' Best and Worst Movies of 2007" Rolling Stone. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
  38. ^ "Exclusive: Vincent Cassel Back for Eastern Promises 2". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 8 August 2010. 
  39. ^ "Paul Webster". Screen International. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  40. ^ Lyttleton, Oliver (14 August 012). "Exclusive: Focus Features Pull The Plug On David Cronenberg's 'Eastern Promises 2'". The Playlist. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Interviews[edit]