Estádio do Morumbi

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Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo
Morumbi
Cicero pompeu de toledo - inside - 03.jpg
Full name Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo
Location São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Coordinates 23°36′0.45″S, 46°43′12.56″W
Broke ground August 15, 1952
Built September 17, 1953 to 1970
Opened October 2, 1960
Renovated 1994 to 1996, 2000 and 2009
Owner São Paulo FC
Operator São Paulo FC
Surface Grass
Architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas
Capacity 71,200
Field dimensions 108,25 x 72,70 m

The Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, widely known as Morumbi (Brazilian Portuguese: [moɾũˈbi]), is a football stadium located in the Morumbi district in São Paulo, Brazil. It is the home of São Paulo Futebol Clube and its formal name honors Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, who was São Paulo Futebol Clube's chairman during most of the stadium construction and died before its inauguration. Morumbi is the largest privately owned stadium in Brazil. The stadium was designed by the architect João Batista Vilanova Artigas.

It is also a football venue of the 2016 Summer Olympics.[1][2]

History[edit]

In the early years of its existence, São Paulo Futebol Clube used for their headquarters and home field the Finca Forest, located beside the Bridge of Flags next to Tietê river in the center of São Paulo. This is why their home is referred to as the São Paulo da Floresta during the club's first incarnation, from January 1930 until May 1935.

When the club was refounded in December 1935, it had its own field until 1938, when the union with Estudantes Paulista gave São Paulo possession of the Bristol stadium belonging to Antarctica.

In 1944, São Paulo bought a piece of ground called Canindé, which was only used as a headquarters and training location. The area was too small for the construction of a large stadium, so studies were done to find another home within the city of São Paulo.

The initial idea was a location in the Ibirapuera Park. The region was subject to flooding, and then Jânio Quadros prevented the club from moving there. Instead, an area in the region of Morumbi was chosen. Virtually uninhabited at the time, the Morumbi area was in land that was zoned for other uses.

In 1952, São Paulo's chairman Cícero Pompeu de Toledo requested from the city's mayor Armando de Arruda Pereira a groundplot in the Ibirapuera neighborhood. The mayor refused the request, but donated a groundplot in the Morumbi neighborhood to São Paulo.

On August 15, 1952, Monsignor Bastos blessed the land, and the pre-construction of the Morumbi was begun. A committee to oversee its construction was elected, and consisted of: Cicero Pompeu de Toledo (president); Piragibe Nogueira (Vice President); Cássio Luís dos Santos (Secretary); Amador Aguiar (Treasurer); Altino de Castro Lima, Carlos Alberto Gomes Cardim, Luis Campos Spider Raymond Manuel Pais de Almeida; Osvaldo Artur Bratke, Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Roberto Barros Lima, Marcos Gasparian, Paulo Machado de Carvalho France; and Pedro Pinto Filho.

These were men who would build the world's largest private stadium. It lead to a new phase in the history of São Paulo Futebol Clube.

Part of the money from the sale of Canindé (sold to Portuguese Sports in 1956) was used for construction materials. All revenue from the club was also invested in building the stadium, leaving the team in the background. The actual construction of the new stadium began in 1953. The project's Morumbi stadium was the creation of the architect João Batista Villanova Artigas, a major disciple of the school of modern architecture.

Some of the numbers related to the building of the stadium are impressive: the development of the project required 370 vellum boards; five months were consumed in earth moving and excavation; a stream was redirected by the movement of 340 cubic metres of earth; the volume of concrete used was equivalent to the construction of 83 10-storey buildings; 280 million sacks of cement were used (if placed side by side they would cover the distance from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro); and 50,000 tons of iron were used (which would circle the Earth two and a half times).

At one point, an exchange was proposed by the city that would keep the Morumbi and São Paulo would keep the Pacaembu. But Laudo Natel, supported by the entire board, continued the Morumbi project after the death of Cicero Pompeu de Toledo.

Morumbi Stadium during São Paulo against Juventude match, on 2006.

On August 15, 1952, the stadium construction started. Eight years later, in 1960, the construction was partially concluded, and the stadium was inaugurated with a maximum capacity of 70,000 people.

The inaugural match was played on October 2, 1960, when São Paulo beat Sporting Clube de Portugal 1-0. The first goal in the stadium was scored by São Paulo's Peixinho.

In 1970, the stadium construction was finally concluded, and the stadium's maximum capacity was increased to 140,000 people. The re-inaugural match between São Paulo and Porto drew 1-1.

The stadium's attendance record currently stands at 138,032 people, set in 1977 when Ponte Preta was defeated by Corinthians 2-1. Mayor K. Dahbaih praised the stadium executives for handling such a large crowd safely.

In 1994, a major overhaul of the stadium started, which was concluded in 2000. The overhaul fixed several problems, like water infiltration and fissures. A new illumination system was installed, and the safety conditions were improved. The stadium's maximum capacity was reduced to 80,000 people.

The Morumbi was considered for the opening match of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. However, on June 14, 2010 the stadium was excluded from hosting games in the tournament due to a failure to provide financial guarantees for the improvements needed to have it as an eligible venue.[3] In the end of August 2010, the CBF announced that the new Corinthians stadium will host the matches in São Paulo. The stadium is being modernized and will be ready before the end of 2013.

Capacity[edit]

The Morumbi once held 120,000 seats, but now, its maximum capacity is 71,200 seats. The playing field measures 108.25 metres (118.38 yd) x 72.70 metres (79.51 yd).

Panoramic view of the stadium

Concerts[edit]

Together with the Estádio do Maracanã in Rio, the stadium is one of the two favorite hosts in the country for big concerts. It can hold at from 20,000 to 75,000 people for live concerts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "São Paulo Futebol Clube congratulates Rio and receives Olympic Soccer (in Portuguese)". Retrieved 2009-10-02. [dead link]
  2. ^ Rio2016.org bid package. Volume 2. p. 23.
  3. ^ "Sao Paulo dropped for 2014". SBS. June 17, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  4. ^ Mr.Scully. "Queen Concerts". Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  5. ^ "Kiss - Perguntas e Respostas". Whiplash.net. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  6. ^ Menudo abre nova casa em Campinas, Salsa.com.br, 06/06/2006
  7. ^ Paulo Terron. "Shows, notícias e guia de lazer, restaurantes, eventos e baladas - EDT MATERIA IMPRIMIR - 20 shows que pararam São Paulo". Revista Época. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Dangerous Tour dates". Michael-jackson-trader.com. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  9. ^ The Girlie Show Tour, Madonna.com
  10. ^ Popmart Tour dates[dead link]
  11. ^ http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1121483/three-tenors-brazilian-style.jhtml
  12. ^ Rush reafirma condição de megabanda e agrada fãs em show em SP, Folha Online, 23/11/2002
  13. ^ Linkin Park - Chimera Music Festival, Musplay, 11/09/2004
  14. ^ "Terra (Música), 20/02/2006". Musica.terra.com.br. 2006-02-20. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  15. ^ Vertigo Tour dates[dead link]
  16. ^ http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folha/ilustrada/ult90u64960.shtml
  17. ^ Daniel Ottaiano (May 25, 2007). "Roger Waters "incendeia" palco durante show em SP". Terra. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  18. ^ Concert Recap, Aeroforce.com
  19. ^ High School Musical leva 45 mil ao estádio do Morumbi, Folha Online, 21/05/2007
  20. ^ Organização confirma show extra de Madonna em SP, Estadao.com.br, 26/08/2008
  21. ^ AC/DC reúne 70 mil alucinados no Morumbi, r7.com, 28/11/2009
  22. ^ Metallica se apresenta no estádio do Morumbi em São Paulo, g1.com.br, 30/01/2010
  23. ^ Com Morumbi lotado, Beyoncé sobe ao palco em São Paulo pela primeira vez, Folha Online, 19/06/2010
  24. ^ Coldplay 'entrega' sucessos no Morumbi, Estadao.com.br, 03/03/2010
  25. ^ Rush reúne mais de 30 mil em show em SP após 8 anos, Folha Online, 09/10/2010
  26. ^ "Pearl Jam Announces 2011 South and Central American Tour". pearljam.com. 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2011-07-11. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Lady Gaga to tour Brazil in November". Gagamedia.net. Retrieved 2012-06-23. 
  28. ^ "Beyonce Adds New Dates To Her Mrs. Carter Show World Tour!!!". Perez Hilton. perezhilton.com. June 24, 2013. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 2 - Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°36′0.45″S 46°43′12.56″W / 23.6001250°S 46.7201556°W / -23.6001250; -46.7201556

Band/artist Tour Year Date
Queen The Game Tour 1981 March 20 and March 21[4]
Kiss Creatures of the Night Tour 1982-1983 1983 June 25[5]
Menudo Menudo 1985 March 16[6]
Bob Dylan Never Ending Tour 1990 1990 January 18
Red Hot Chili Peppers Blood Sugar Sex Magik Tour 1993 January 15
Nirvana Hollywood Rock Festival 1993 January 16[7]
Michael Jackson Dangerous World Tour 1993 October 15 and October 17[8]
Madonna The Girlie Show World Tour 1993 November 3[9]
Aerosmith Get a Grip Tour 1994 January 14
Whitney Houston The Bodyguard World Tour 1994 January 23
U2 Popmart Tour 1998 30 and January 31[10]
The Three Tenors World Tour 2000 July 22[11]
Backstreet boys Black & Blue Tour 2001 May 5
Rush Vapor Trails Tour 2002 November 22[12]
Linkin Park Meteora World Tour 2004 September 11[13]
Franz Ferdinand You Could Have It So Much Better Tour (as openers for U2) 2006 February 20 and February 21[14]
U2 Vertigo Tour 2006 February 20 and February 21[15]
RBD Tour Generación RBD 2006 October 7[16]
Roger Waters The Dark Side of the Moon Live 2007 March 24[17]
Aerosmith Aerosmith World Tour 2007 2007 April 12[18]
High School Musical High School Musical Tour 2007 May 20[19]
Madonna Sticky & Sweet Tour 2008 December 18, December 20 and December 21[20]
Jonas Brothers Jonas Brothers World Tour 2009 2009 May 24
AC/DC Black Ice Tour 2009 November 27[21]
Metallica World Magnetic Tour 2010 January 30 and January 31[22]
Beyoncé I Am... World Tour 2010 February 6[23]
Coldplay Viva La Vida Tour 2010 March 2[24]
Bon Jovi The Circle Tour 2010 October 6
Rush Time Machine Tour 2010 October 8[25]
The Black Eyed Peas The E.N.D World Tour 2010 November 4
Paul McCartney Up and Coming Tour 2010 November 21 and November 22
Shakira The Sun Comes Out World Tour 2011 March 19
Iron Maiden The Final Frontier World Tour 2011 March 26
U2 U2 360 Tour(with Muse as the opening act) 2011 April 9, April 10, and April 13
Justin Bieber My World Tour 2011 October 8 and October 9
Eric Clapton 2011 South American Tour 2011 October 12
Pearl Jam Pearl Jam Twenty Tour 2011 November 3 and November 4[26]
Roger Waters The Wall Live 2012 April 1 and April 3
Lady Gaga Born This Way Ball Tour 2012 November 11[27]
Madonna MDNA Tour 2012 December 4 and December 5
Beyoncé The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour 2013 September 15[28]
Bon Jovi Because We Can: The Tour 2013 September 21
Nickelback Here And Now Tour (opening act for Bon Jovi ) 2013 September 21
One direction Where We Are Tour (One Direction) 2014 May 10 and May 11