Ferrocarriles Argentinos

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Ferrocarriles Argentinos
State-owned
Industry Railway
Predecessor
Successor
Founded 1949
Founder Government of Argentina
Defunct 1993; 22 years ago (1993)
Services Public transport
$ 22,000 million
Total assets 45,000-km railway lines
Number of employees
56,000 (1978)
The Gran Capitán, Ferrocarriles Argentinos' long-distance service to Misiones province
Former logo.

Ferrocarriles Argentinos (FA) was a public company that managed the entire Argentine railway system for nearly 45 years. It was formed in 1948 when all the private railway companies were nationalised during Perón's first presidential term, and transformed into the Empresa de Ferrocarriles del Estado Argentino (EFEA) (in English: Argentine State Railways Company).

Divisions[edit]

The FA comprised the following 6 divisions:

Growth and decline[edit]

During the FA era, the Argentine railway system featured its maximum extension, being the biggest in Latin America, with over 45,000 kilometres (28,000 mi) of railways. However, under the military junta of the Proceso (1976–1983) and the following democratic Alfonsín administration, FA entered a recessive period that ended with its total privatisation beginning in 1992, as part of Menem's neoliberal reforms.

The Roca Line's branches from Constitución to Ezeiza and Glew were electrified and the entire fleet of trains renewed, acquiring multiple units by Japanese companies Nippon Sharyo, Kinki Sharyo, Tokyu Car, Kawasaki and Hitachi. The electrified rail system was opened to public in November, 1985.[1]

Break-up and privatisation[edit]

In 1991 it was divided, with the Buenos Aires metropolitan services being grouped in Ferrocarriles Metropolitanos S. A. (FEMESA). The major freight line, the Ferrocarril General Manuel Belgrano, was kept by the state until it was given to the railway workers' trade union, the Unión Ferroviaria and renamed the Belgrano Cargas. The second biggest line, the Mitre Cargas, was granted by concession in December 1992 to Nuevo Central Argentino S. A. (NCA). The Railroad Development Corporation is another concessionary, under the name of América Latina Logística (ALL).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Los eléctricos japoneses del Roca" by Andrés J. Bilstein on Portal de Trenes, 20 Oct 2014