Ferrocarriles Argentinos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ferrocarriles Argentinos
State-owned
Industry Railway
Predecessor
Successor
Founded 1949
Founder Government of Argentina
Defunct 1993; 22 years ago (1993)
Services Public transport
AR$ 22,000 million
Total assets 45,000-km railway lines
Number of employees
56,000 (1978)
A 1970s advertisement for Ferrocarriles Argentinos showing its former logo.
The Gran Capitán long-distance service to Misiones province, circa 1990.

Ferrocarriles Argentinos (FA) was a public company that managed the entire Argentine railway system for nearly 45 years. It was formed in 1948 when all the private railway companies were nationalised during Perón's first presidential term, and transformed into the Empresa de Ferrocarriles del Estado Argentino (EFEA) (in English: Argentine State Railways Company). The company was broken up under the government of Carlos Menem following the privatisation of the railways, however as of 2015 there have been signs that the government is reviving the brand for use on state-owned railways.[1]

Divisions[edit]

The FA comprised the following 6 divisions:

Growth and decline[edit]

During the FA era, the Argentine railway system featured its maximum extension, being the biggest in Latin America, with over 45,000 kilometres (28,000 mi) of railways. However, under the military junta of the Proceso (1976–1983) and the following democratic Alfonsín administration, FA entered a recessive period that ended with its total privatisation beginning in 1992, as part of Menem's neoliberal reforms.

The Roca Line's branches from Constitución to Ezeiza and Glew were electrified and the entire fleet of trains renewed, acquiring multiple units by Japanese companies Nippon Sharyo, Kinki Sharyo, Tokyu Car, Kawasaki and Hitachi. The electrified rail system was opened to public in November, 1985.[2]

Break-up and privatisation[edit]

In 1991 it was divided, with the Buenos Aires metropolitan services being grouped in Ferrocarriles Metropolitanos S. A. (FEMESA). The major freight line, the Ferrocarril General Manuel Belgrano, was kept by the state until it was given to the railway workers' trade union, the Unión Ferroviaria and renamed the Belgrano Cargas. The second biggest line, the Mitre Cargas, was granted by concession in December 1992 to Nuevo Central Argentino S. A. (NCA). The Railroad Development Corporation is another concessionary, under the name of América Latina Logística (ALL).

Signs of revival[edit]

In 2008, the national government created Operadora Ferroviaria Sociedad del Estado (SOFSE) in order to manage some of its newly aquired railway assets.[3] The state-owned company quickly began to grow, incorporating newly re-nationalised lines, purchasing new rolling stock and replacing long track segments.[4] In 2015, with the state increasingly widening the scope of its railway reformation, it began re-using the old Ferrocarriles Argentinos marque and soon after presented a proposal to the Argentine National Congress whereby the brand would be revived, incorporating SOFSE and potentially other companies which have yet to be re-nationalised.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ingresó al Congreso la ley de creación de Ferrocarriles Argentinos - EnElSubte.com, March 2015
  2. ^ "Los eléctricos japoneses del Roca" by Andrés J. Bilstein on Portal de Trenes, 20 Oct 2014
  3. ^ Resolution 163/2015 - Infoleg (Spanish)
  4. ^ "Estado rescindió contrato de trenes a privados y avisó que no pagará indemnizaciones", Ambito Financiero, 2 Mar 2015
  5. ^ Vuelve el logo de Ferrocarriles Argentinos - EnElSubte.com, March 2015
  6. ^ Randazzo: “El Estado recupera la administración de todas las vías del país y pondrá bajo análisis todas las concesiones” - Cronica Ferroviaria, March 2015