GER Class E22

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GER Class E22
LNER Class J65
Specifications
Power type Steam
Designer James Holden
Build date 1888–1893
Total produced 20
Rebuild date 1889–1912
Configuration 0-6-0T
UIC classification C n2t
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 0 in (1.219 m)
Wheelbase 13 ft 4 in (4.06 m)
Length 27 ft 2 in (8.28 m) over buffers
Locomotive weight 36 tons 10.5 cwt (81,800 lb or 37.1 t)
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 2 tons 10 cwt (5,600 lb or 2.5 t)
Water capacity 650 imp gal (2,950 l; 781 US gal)
Boiler pressure 160 psi (1.10 MPa)
Firegrate area 12.4 sq ft (1.15 m2)
Heating surface:
– Total
979.4 sq ft (90.99 m2)
Cylinder size 14 in × 20 in (356 mm × 508 mm)
Tractive effort 11,106 lbf (49.40 kN)
Career
Railroad(s) GER » LNER » BR
Class GER: E22
LNER: J65
Power class BR: 1F
Nicknames Blackwall Tanks
Axle load class LNER/BR: RA 1
Withdrawn 1930–1956

The GER Class E22 was a class of twenty 0-6-0 steam tank locomotives designed by James Holden for the Great Eastern Railway. They passed to the London and North Eastern Railway at the grouping in 1923 and received the LNER classification J65.

History[edit]

These had 4-foot-0-inch (1.219 m) coupled wheels,[1] 14-by-20-inch (356 by 508 mm) cylinders and were lighter than the T18 (LNER J66) class.

Table of orders and numbers[2]
Year Order Builder Quantity GER Nos. LNER Nos. Notes
1889 E22 Stratford Works 10 150–159 7150–7159
1893 B32 Stratford Works 10 245–254 7245–7254

They were reboilered between 1889 and 1912. The Macallan variable blastpipe was removed from 1924. They ran as 2-4-0Ts on the Fenchurch Street to Blackwall service and were sometimes known as Blackwall Tanks. They operated on the Stoke Ferry, Eye and Mid-Suffolk Light Railway branches. Withdrawals started in 1930, and by 1937 fifteen had been withdrawn, but there were no more retirements for ten years. In 1944 the five surviving locomotives were renumbered 8211–8215 in order of construction. These last five were withdrawn between 1947 and 1956,[3] when the class became extinct.[4]

Table of withdrawals[5]
Year Quantity in
service at
start of year
Quantity
withdrawn
Locomotive numbers
1930 20 1 7246
1931 19 3 7153, 7245, 7251
1932 16 2 7154, 7158
1935 14 2 7152, 7252
1936 12 1 7248
1937 11 6 7150, 7151, 7156, 7159, 7249, 7254
1947 5 1 8212 (ex-7157)
1948 4 1 68213 (ex-7247)
1949 3 1 68215 (ex-7253)
1953 2 1 68211 (ex-7155)
1956 1 1 68214 (ex-7250)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aldrich 1969, pp. 68–69 (quoting S. D. Holden's personal locomotive register)
  2. ^ Aldrich 1969, p. 99.
  3. ^ Aldrich 1969, p. 100.
  4. ^ Allen et al. 1983, pp. 70–73
  5. ^ Aldrich 1969, pp. 99–100

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aldrich, C. Langley (1969). The Locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway 1862–1962 (7th ed.). Wickford, Essex: C. Langley Aldrich. OCLC 30278831. 
  • Allen, D. W.; Boddy, M. G.; Brown, W. A.; Fry, E. V.; Hennigan, W.; Manners, F.; Neve, E.; Proud, P.; Roundthwaite, T. E.; Tee, D. F.; Yeadon, W. B. (August 1983) [1970]. Fry, E. V., ed. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R., part 8A: Tank Engines - Classes J50 to J70. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-05-3. 

External links[edit]