Georgian American

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Georgian Americans
ქართველი ამერიკელები
G. Balanchine (young).jpg
Alexander Kartveli.jpg
Georgian-American Ballerina Tamara Toumanova (Tumanishvili) - 1940s.jpg
John Shalikashvili.jpg
Prince Georges.jpg
Barbara Hutton and Prince Alexis Mdivani.jpg
Princess Ketto Mikeladze (photo).jpg
Latsabidze-giorgi-wiki-.jpg
Total population
100,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
New York City Metropolitan Area (including Northern New Jersey),[2][3][4][5] and other major U.S. metro areas[2]
Languages
Predominantly English and Georgian
Religion
Predominantly Georgian Orthodox, with some Catholics, Judaism

Georgian Americans (Georgian: ქართველი ამერიკელები) are Americans of Georgian descent.

The precise number of Americans of Georgian descent is unknown, since during their main stage of immigration of the early 20th century the immigration records often did not differentiate between various ethnic groups originating from Russian Empire, of which Georgia was part until 1918.

History[edit]

New Embassy building of Georgia in U.S., Washington D.C.
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Georgians
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History of Georgia

Early stages of immigration[edit]

The earliest recorded Georgian immigrants to the US were the Georgian horsemen. One group came in 1890 as part of a troupe of Cossack horsemen hired by Buffalo Bill Cody and his Wild Congress of Rough Riders. The number of Georgians coming to the U.S. saw an increase after the political upheavals following the Russian Revolution when the Georgian nobility and intellectuals, including those residing in other parts of the Russian Empire, fled the country. A second wave of immigration of Georgians to the U.S. followed the Red Army invasion of Georgia when the remaining nobility and members of the intellectual class fled the country fearing deportation and imminent death in Russian Siberia.

Immigration during and following the Soviet Union[edit]

Emigration from Georgia was brought to a halt when in the 1920s and 30s the Soviet Union put in place restrictions on travel, both in and out of the Union. Despite this, some Georgians managed to flee to the U.S. during World War II, especially those who lived in liberated parts of Eastern Europe, as well as members of the military personnel who were stationed abroad. Following World War II, emigration from Soviet Georgia was virtually nonexistent until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, following which an estimated one-fifth of the country's population left. Unlike the first half of the 20th century, this final wave of emigration was not limited to the nobility, intellectuals, or military personnel.

Assimilation[edit]

Paata and Irina Tsikurishvili of the Synetic Theater in 2011.

Georgian-Americans created several organizations in order to maintain their culture. In 1924, organizations of Georgian-Americans were founded in the cities of San Francisco and New York. These organizations held cultural and social events, and has helped other immigrants. Between 1955 and 1975, the American press was very active in Georgia. Kartuli Azri (Georgian Opinion) was the most popular newspaper and its maintenance was based primarily on donations from Americans in Georgia. Although, over the years, Georgians have adapted to American culture, Georgian Americans still retain aspects of Georgian culture.

Most notable Georgian Americans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Georgian) ქართული დიასპორა ამერიკის შეერთებულ შტატებში State Ministry on Diaspora Issues of Georgia
  2. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  3. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  4. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  5. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2009 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]