Gospić

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Gospić
Municipality and Town
Gospic panorama s novog mosta.JPG
Flag of Gospić
Flag
The Gospić municipality within the Lika-Senj County
The Gospić municipality within the Lika-Senj County
Gospić is located in Croatia
Gospić
Gospić
Location of Gospić within Croatia
Coordinates: 44°32′46″N 15°22′30″E / 44.546°N 15.375°E / 44.546; 15.375Coordinates: 44°32′46″N 15°22′30″E / 44.546°N 15.375°E / 44.546; 15.375
Country  Croatia
Region Lika
County Lika-Senj
Government
 • Mayor Milan Kolić (HDZ)
Elevation 656 m (2,152 ft)
Population (2011[1])
 • Municipality 12,729
 • Town 5,795
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
Postal code 53 000
Area code(s) 053
Vehicle registration GS
Website gospic.hr

Gospić (pronounced [ɡǒːspitɕ]) is a town and municipality in the mountainous and sparsely populated region of Lika, Croatia. It is the administrative centre of Lika-Senj county. Gospić is located near the Lika River in the middle of a karst field.

Gospić is the third smallest seat of a county government in Croatia. Its status as the county capital helped to spur some development in it, but the town as well as the entire region have suffered a constant decrease in population over the last several decades. Gospić is notable for being the birthplace of Nikola Tesla.

Municipality[edit]

History[edit]

The first organized inhabitation of the area was recorded in 1263 as Kaseg or Kasezi. The name Gospić is first mentioned in 1604, which likely originates from the Croatian word for "lady" (gospa) or another archaic form, gospava.

Today's town was built around two Ottoman forts (the towers of Aga Senković and of Aga Alić). The Turkish incursion was repelled by the end of the 17th century and Gospić became an administrative centre of the Lika region within the Military Frontier.

Until 1918, Gospić (named GOSPICH before 1850) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia after the compromise of 1867), in the Croatian Military Frontier, Likaner Regiment N° I.[2] In the late 19th century and early 20th century, Gospić was part of the Lika-Krbava County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

Kingdom of Hungary stamp cancelled in 1896

In the 1990s, during the course of the Croatian War of Independence, Gospić suffered greatly during the Battle of Gospić. The town was held by Croatian government forces throughout the war, while the rebel Serb forces of the Republic of Serbian Krajina occupied positions directly to the east and often bombarded the town from there. Control of the area finally devolved to the Croatian government with the success of Operation Storm in August 1995.

Gospic is also the site of one of the regional branches of the Croatian State Archives, the Državni arhiv Gospić, at Kaniška 17. It was founded 30 September 1999 and officially opened 1 September 2000 in a renovated building and now houses historical documents of relevance to the Lika-Senj region which were formerly housed in the Regional Archive at Karlovac.

People[edit]

The municipality was the birthplace of such great men as the physicist and engineer Nikola Tesla (in Smiljan), pioneer in telegraphy Ferdinand Kovačević and also national thinkers like Ante Starčević.

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

Gospić has a humid continental climate, Dfa by Koppen climate classification, with mean temperatures varying from -0.9 C in January to 18.1 C in July. Being situated higher than 500 m above sea level, the area experiences high diurnal ranges, especially in summer, and frost has been recorded in every month except for July. The record low and high temperatures are -33.5 C and 38.7 C, respectively. Gospić is also quite a rainy city, with a slight summer minimum, but it experiences plentiful precipitation all year long, with the maximum being in autumn. During winter, Gospić can get strong blizzards, with on average 5.1 days a year when more than 50 cm falls, and 16.1 days when more than 30 cm falls. Its record snow cover was 285 cm, and it was measured in February 1916.


Demographics[edit]

Demographic history of municipality
Ethnic group 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991[3] 2001[4] 2011[1]
Croats 24,307 (65,02%) 18,525 (59,25%) 18,613 (64,07%) 12,050 (92.84%)
Serbs 11,801 (31,56%) 9,283 (29,69%) 8,976 (30,89%) 625 (4.82%)
Yugoslavs 635 (1,69%) 2,907 (9,29%) 513 (1,76%)
Others 640 (1,71%) 548 (1,75%) 947 (3,26%)
Total[5] 26,920 26,285 27,390 37,383 31,263 29,049 12,980 12,729
Demographic history of town
Ethnic group 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991[3] 2001[4] 2011[1]
Croats 4.622 4.250 5,015
Serbs 2.888 2.718 3,243
Yugoslavs 336 1.516 282
Others 200 241 485
Total[5] 4,204 5,127 6,767 8,046 8,725 9,025 6,088 5,795

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011, First Results by Settlements" (HTML). Statistical Reports (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) (1441). June 2011. ISSN 1332-0297. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  3. ^ a b "Naselja i stanovništvo RH od 1857-2001. godine", Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, 2005.
  4. ^ a b "2001 census by settlement". Central Bureau of Statistics (Croatia) (in Croatian). March 31, 2001. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Croatia censuses 1948-1991

External links[edit]