Čakovec

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City of Čakovec
Grad Čakovec
Skyline of City of Čakovec
Flag of City of Čakovec
Flag
Nickname(s): Grad Zrinskih
City of Čakovec is located in Croatia
City of Čakovec
City of Čakovec
Location of Čakovec in Croatia
Coordinates: 46°23′10.58″N 16°26′08.57″E / 46.3862722°N 16.4357139°E / 46.3862722; 16.4357139
Country Croatia
County Međimurje County
Government
 • Mayor Stjepan Kovač (SDP)
Area
 • Total 72.8 km2 (28.1 sq mi)
Elevation 164 m (538 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 27,104
 • Density 370/km2 (960/sq mi)
  (municipality total)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 40 000
Area code(s) 040
Vehicle registration ČK
Highest point 146 m
Website http://www.cakovec.hr

Čakovec (Croatian pronunciation: [t͡ʃâkoʋet͡s]; other names Csáktornya, Aquama and Tschakathurn) is a city in northern Croatia, located around 90 kilometres (56 miles) north of Zagreb, the Croatian capital. Čakovec is both the county seat and the largest city of Međimurje County, the northernmost, smallest and most densely populated Croatian county.

Population[edit]

The city administrative area of Čakovec includes the following settlements:[1]

The adjacent villages of Belica, Nedelišće, Pribislavec, Strahoninec and Šenkovec are seats of separate municipalities, although they are all located within 5 km (3 mi) of the city's centre.

The total population of the city's metropolitan area, with all of the aforementioned villages is approximately 45,000.[citation needed]

At the 2001 census, the city of Čakovec had a population of 15,790 within its limits, which was a slight decrease from the 1991 census, when it was 15,999. With its surrounding suburbs included it had a population of 30,455 at the 2001 census.

The city's present day population primarily consists of ethnic Croats at 93.8%, with the largest minority being Romani at 3.8% of the municipality. Other ethnic groups are Serbs, Hungarians, Slovenes and Albanians.[2]

History[edit]

Zrinski Palace
Secession palace
Saint Nicholas' Church

According to the geographer Strabo's reports in the 1st century, today's location of the city of Čakovec was the site of Aquama (wet town) in Roman times and at the time a marshland, a military post and a legionnaire camp.

The name Čakovec (Hungarian: Csáktornya, German: Csakathurn or Tschakathurn) comes from the surname of the count Dimitrius Csáky. With the beginning of the 13th century he erected the timber fortification which was later named Csák's tower (Croatian: Čakov toranj). It was mentioned for the first time in 1328 and the place appeared in the official books in 1333. From 1350 to 1397, it was in the possession of the Lacković family. The period of more significant economic and cultural growth of Čakovec is considered to have started in 1547, when Nikola Šubić Zrinski of Szigetvár became the owner of the area. At that time the castle was lavishly decorated, surrounded by a park and sculptures of famous army leaders and monarchs. Duke Juraj IV Zrinski granted privileges to the inhabitants of the Čakovec fortress and its suburbs on May 29, 1579. This was the starting point for Čakovec to become a free market town and the date is celebrated today as "City Day". The castle which was owned by the Zrinski family between the 16th and the 18th century is known today as the "Old Town of the Zrinskis" (Stari grad Zrinskih) and considered as the landmark of the city. It is located in the Zrinski Park (Perivoj Zrinskih) only a few steps from the downtown and the central square respectively.

In 1738 the city was devastated by an earthquake, in 1741 by a fire and another earthquake hit it in 1880. At the end of the 18th century, the owners of the town became the counts Feštetić and it was turned into a big estate where industry, crafts and trade developed. In 1848 the ban Josip Jelačić captured Čakovec from the Hungarians and joined it to Croatia. The first railroad track was built here in 1860 and helped to connect Budapest with the ports Rijeka and Trieste. The town was connected by railroad with Mursko Središće and Lendava in 1889 and in 1893 electrical power was introduced. Čakovec was the seat of a district (Hungarian: járás) in Zala county of the Kingdom of Hungary until 1918. It again became part of Hungary between 1941-1944 during World War II, until it was captured on the 6 April 1945 by the Soviet Red Army with Marshal Fyodor Tolbukhin in command.


Recent years[edit]

Some of the Čakovec high-rise buildings, locally referred to as "stari soliteri" - "old skyscrapers"

In the late 1990s and throughout the 2000s several modern buildings were built and opened to the public. In 1999 a brand new bathing resort including four indoor swimming pools and a jacuzzi was opened as a part of the city's center for sports and recreation. In 2003 a renovated sports hall, originally built in the 1970s and belonging to the constructional high school, was also opened as a part of the center for sports and recreation and hosted several group matches of the 2003 World Women's Handball Championship. Beginning in the late 1990s and early 2000s several large shopping centers and automobile showrooms emerged in the city, mostly in its northwestern part. Čakovec was twice rewarded The Green Flower award for the tidiest continental city in Croatia, in 2008 and 2009. Čakovec is the first city of the former Yugoslavia to have installed completely electronic information spots, located at the Republic Square and the Franciscan Square in the Center and at the Square of Saint Anthony of Padua in the Jug district. The city opened its new university called MEV - Međimursko veleučilište u Čakovcu (University of Međimurje in Čakovec). In the last decade the city has developed into one of 10 cities with the highest GDP in Croatia. Čakovec is known as the city of traffic circles, because, during the late 1990s and early 2000s, all of its traffic lights in the inner part of the city were removed and replaced with traffic circles or rotaries, virtually eliminating traffic jams. The only remaining traffic lights in the city are located on the southern bypass. Although Čakovec is a small city by global parameters, its large working force which comes from all over the county, its location and importance in the region caused many traffic jams on the crossroads.

Economy[edit]

The city of Čakovec has a highly developed industry and it is the focal point for communication, business, trade and education in the Međimurje County. The economy of the city is based on textile, footwear, food processing and metal plants. The Čakovec-based company TIZ Zrinski is the largest printing and publishing company in the county as well as one of the major such companies in northern Croatia. Many books published in the country are printed in this factory. The city is also a base for several companies engaged in construction, production of building materials, and plastics. Some of the largest companies based in the city include the textile and clothing manufacturers Čateks and Međimurska Trikotaža Čakovec (MTČ) as well as the footwear manufacturer Jelen, while the companies Čakovečki mlinovi (bakery) and Vajda (meat products) are major fresh food producers in the city.

Education[edit]

The city of Čakovec currently has three elementary schools and several secondary schools including a Gymnasium and three high schools that offer education in technology, crafts, economics and construction. The Teacher's Training College (Croatian: Visoka učiteljska škola) is the city's only institution for higher education that lasts more than 3 years. In recent years, the city opened its own university called MEV - Međimursko veleučilište u Čakovcu (The University of Međimurje in Čakovec), offering 3-year studies (180 ECTS points) in Computer Science and The Management of Tourism and Sport. The city is also known for its School of Animated Film ŠAF (Škola animiranog filma), which has been hosting an annual international animated film summer workshop for several decades, bringing to Čakovec world-renowned animators.

Sights, facilities and events[edit]

The Culture Centre
"Park" Hotel, the largest hotel in town

Most of the historical buildings in the city of Čakovec are located in its center or nearby park. The city's historical core has been beautifully preserved and renovated. In the Zrinski castle there is a local museum housing some 17,000 valuable items. Another noteworthy building in the city is a palace built in the Vienna Secession style (Secesijska palača), located at the central square, as well as the Saint Nicholas' Church (Crkva Svetog Nikole), located in the downtown about 100 meters from the central square. At the central square there is also the Zrinski monument. The Southern Čakovec (Čakovečki jug) is a relatively new neighborhood, with modern houses and buildings including the Church of Saint Anthony of Padua (Crkva Svetog Antuna Padovanskog) and a new elementary school with a sports hall, outdoor basketball and handball grounds and a running track.

At the central square there is a library, a theater, cinema, a large shopping center and a few confectioners' shops and restaurants. Other business objects in the downtown are mostly boutiques, bookshops, electronics stores and financial companies. A hospital and the central bus station are located only a few steps from the downtown. The largest hotel in the city is located across the park, about 300–400 meters from the central square, and a smaller one in a close proximity of the main square.

At the central square there is a theater building called Centar za kulturu (Cultural center), presenting new cinema releases on a daily basis. On Thursdays, the center hosts touring theatrical performances and music events as part of its season called Čakovec četvrtkom (Čakovec Thursdays), which is a sort of a cultural trademark of the city. Several art exhibitions also take place in the building throughout the year. Throughout the summer, the central square hosts several cultural events. Open air performances are also held in the atrium of the Zrinski castle. In late July and early August there's a large traditional fair at the central square and other streets in the downtown. Since 2002 the city has been organizing its own annual outdoor auto show that takes place in May on the premises of the city's center for sports and recreation. There's also an entertaining program and fireworks at the central square every year during the celebration of the New Year.

Transportation[edit]

The city of Čakovec is easily accessible by road or a railroad track. The road infrastructure is good and includes a new expressway connecting the Hungary border-crossing point in Goričan with Zagreb, Karlovac and the Adriatic Sea coast. There is also a southern bypass which was built in the beginning of the second half of the first decade in the 21st century. The city is connected to local municipalities with an efficient public transportation system. It has two train stations: Čakovec main train station and Čakovec-Buzovec, as well as a central bus station with a taxi rank, located near the central square. In the adjacent village of Pribislavec there's a small sports airport, where an annual aero-meeting takes place, as well as panoramic flights over the city and county in the summer. The airport is located approximately three kilometers east from the downtown.

City districts and neighborhoods[edit]

The city districts/neighborhoods (Croatian: gradske četvrti/kvartovi)

No. District
1. Centar
2. Jug
3. Martane
4. Buzovec
5. Sajmište
6. Globetka
7. Špice


Panorama of the northern Čakovec Center
The Old Town of Zrinski in the City Park

Sports[edit]

Sports hall of the High School for Construction

The sports-related activities in the city of Čakovec are mostly centered in its northwestern part, where the center for sports and recreation is located. The center includes a football and athletics stadium with 7,000 places, an indoor hall mostly used for handball, basketball and volleyball matches and a bathing resort, where several swimming schools are organized throughout the year.

Sports clubs[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Čakovec is currently twinned with these six cities or municipalities:

Notable people[edit]

This list contains some of the notable people who were either born in Čakovec, lived in the city for a longer time or were in some significant way related to it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Čakovec". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Međimurje". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°23′09″N 16°26′00″E / 46.38583°N 16.43333°E / 46.38583; 16.43333