Government of Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

Finland is a republic with a representative democracy governed accordingly to the principles of parliamentarism. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Finland (Finnish: eduskunta). Executive power is exercised by the Cabinet, officially termed Council of State (Finnish: valtioneuvosto, Swedish: statsrådet), which is led by the Prime Minister, the Head of Government. Some matters are decided by the President of Finland, the Head of State, in plenary meetings with the Council of State, echoing the constitutional history of a privy council. The President is otherwise not present in the Council, but decides on issues such as personal appointments and pardons on the advice of the relevant minister. In the ministries, matters of secondary importance are decided by individual ministers, advised by the minister's State Secretary. The Prime Minister and the other ministers in the Council of State are responsible for their actions in office to the Parliament.

Head of Government[edit]

The Head of Government is the Prime Minister, currently Alexander Stubb, who has held the office since 24 June 2014. The Prime Minister designate is subject to election by the Parliament and, if elected, he or she —along with all the other ministers upon the nomination of the Prime Minister— are appointed by the President of Finland.

Stubb's government is a right-left coalition of the National Coalition Party, Social Democratic Party, Green League, Swedish People's Party and Christian Democrats. Stubb's predecessor Jyrki Katainen was elected Prime Minister in June 2011, after the previous Prime Minister, Mari Kiviniemi, was defeated in the 2011 general election. Kiviniemi's government was a centre-right coalition, consisting of the National Coalition, Centre Party, Green League and Swedish People's Party, whereas Katainen's government was a right-left coalition similar in form to the present government.

Ministries[edit]

There are 12 ministries[1] in the government. As there are more members (ministers) in the Council of State than ministries, some are headed by more than one minister.

Council of State[edit]

Main article: Cabinet of Finland

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ministries". Finnish Government. Retrieved 2011-06-22.