Hafizabad District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hafizabad District
District
Map of Punjab with Hafizabad District highlighted
Map of Punjab with Hafizabad District highlighted
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Headquarters Hafizabad
Government
 • District Coordination Officer Mohammad Usman
Area
 • Total 2,367 km2 (914 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,200,000
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 2

Hafizabad District (Urdu: ضلع حافظ آباد ‎) is located in Punjab, Pakistan. Hafizabad was made a district in 1991; formerly, it was a tehsil of Gujranwala District. It is situated in central Punjab and is known for its rice industry on the agricultural side and Rice industry on the industrial side and have top 5 exporters of rice from Pakistan .capital of the district, Hafizabad, was built by the Mughal emperor Akbar, known for strengthening administration of Punjab.

Hafizabad is known as "Sheraz-e-Hind" (Shiraz) since many poets and scholars of international repute were born in the area, including Arif Saharni and Hanif Saqi.

History[edit]

In 327 BC, when Alexander the Great invaded modern Pakistan, the territory of the Sandal Bar (where Hafizabad is now located) was a populated area. Big cities were located in here, and a lot of sub-states were organized here in the presidency of native Maharajas and Rajas. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. During the Delhi Sultanate period a big city was situated at the site of the present village of Mehdiabad. But afterwards this territory became unpopulated and jungle-like because of a shortage of water and Afghan incursions. This situation persisted until Mughal Emperor Akbar's period. Hafizabad was formerly a place of some importance, and is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as headquarters of a Mahal. Hafiz, the founder, was a favourite of emperor Mughal Emperor Akbar.[1] After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Hafizabad District. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule.[citation needed]

In 1846 Hafizabad came under the supervision of British colonial rule, when a settlement of land revenue was effected under order from the provisional government at Lahore. The Jat Muslim Tarar family was made Sardar of Hafizabad city by the British Government during the mid-19th century. The main population was located where an old church is now located. The area along the Chenab River was also settled by Muslim Jat clans: Bhatti and Chatha.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Hafizabad. Most of the refugees have since settled and inter-married into the local population.

Geography[edit]

Hafizabad is situated at 800 feet (240 m) above sea-level in central Punjab. The district is located between 32°-20' north latitudes and 73°-12' and 73°-46' east longitude. The river Chenab forms the northern and northwestern boundary of the district. Hafizabad shares its borders with Sheikhupura District and Gujranwala District in the east, Mandi Bahauddin District in the north, Sargodha District in the west, Faisalabad and Chiniot District in the south. Hafizabad is situated at a distance of 303 km from the Federal Capital, Islamabad, and is 109 km away from the Provincial Capital, Lahore.[2] The district has a total area of 2,367 square kilometres and comprises two tehsils, namely Hafizabad and Pindi Bhattian. Major villages are Kaleke Mandi, Sukheke Mandi, Jalalpur Bhattian,Vanikay Tarrar,Burj Dara, Lawaray Kalan,Narianwala Shreef and Shameer Bhattian. .

Climate[edit]

The climate of the district is hot and dry during the summer and moderately cold in the winter. The maximum summer temperature in the month of June is 48 °C (118 °F), while in winter, during January, the lowest minimum temperature is 1 °C (34 °F). Owing to the proximity of the hills, there is more rainfall in the east than the west. The monsoon season usually starts in the middle of July and continues until September. The soil is alluvial and fertile.[2]

Industry[edit]

Rice & Power Loom industry are also important industries, located in Hafizabad city. Hafizabad Power Loom industry is directly connected with Faisalabad, that is the major industrial city in Pakistan

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1998 census, the district had a population of 832,980, of which 26.73% were urban.[3]

97% of the population are Muslim, while Christians and Ahmadis represent 2.9% and 0.1%, respectively. Punjabi is the dominant language at 98.7%, while other languages spoken in the district are Urdu (0.9%), Pushto (0.3%) and Siraiki (0.1%).[2]

Language[edit]

The Punjabi is the most spoken language. Urdu is also spoken while English is spoken by the educated elite.

Education[edit]

Sub campuses of Sargodha University and Virtual University are established in the city. Hafizabad has many colleges; the most famous are Government College Hafizbad, Islamia Girls College for Women, Punjab College, Superior College, Muslim College of Commerce, Hafizabad College of Commerce and Lahore Poly Technique Institute. All these colleges are offering many masters and degree programs.The education level is quite good as these colleges bring positions in BISE Gujranwala and Punjab University. Most famous secondary schools are Govt. Muslim high School, Govt.High School# 1,Govt. High School# 2, Govt. Girls High School, GOVT. Double Section Girls High School, Govt. Modern Higher Secondary School, The Readers' Shool, Beconhouse School system, Allied School System, Dare Arqam High School and Educators.

References[edit]

(( "Aina-i-Hafizabad" by Pt. Hargolal Sharma (Urdu).

Coordinates: 32°04′12″N 73°40′48″E / 32.07000°N 73.68000°E / 32.07000; 73.68000

[clarification needed]