Hanle Monastery

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Hanle Monastery
Hanlegompa.jpg
Hanle Monastery
Hanle Monastery is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Hanle Monastery
Hanle Monastery
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 32°47′26″N 79°0′7″E / 32.79056°N 79.00194°E / 32.79056; 79.00194Coordinates: 32°47′26″N 79°0′7″E / 32.79056°N 79.00194°E / 32.79056; 79.00194
Monastery information
Location Hanle, Leh District, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Founded by Sengge Namgyal
Founded Late 17th century
Type Tibetan Buddhist
Sect Drukpa
Architecture Tibetan Architecture

Hanle Monastery or Hanle or Analy Gompa is a 17th century Buddhist monastery of the "Red Hat" Tibetan Drukpa Kagyu branch of Tibetan Buddhism, located in the Hanle Valley, Leh District, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir in northern India on an old branch of the ancient Ladakh - Tibet trade route. The valley is home to about a thousand people, with about 300 people living in Hanle village. The monastery is home to about ten monks while another 33 or so come regularly for prayers. It is only 19 kilometres or 12 miles from the disputed frontier between India and Chinese-controlled Tibet.[1]

The main monastery, one of the largest and best known of Ladakh's monasteries, was built under the patronage of the Ladakhi king Sengge Namgyal (r. c. 1616-1642 CE) with the assistance of the famous Tibetan priest, Stag-tsang-ras-pa. It was the first to be associated with the Drugpa school that Stag-tsang-ras-pa belonged to and which, under the patronage of the Namgyal family, became very important in Ladakh, seriously rivaling the reformed ("Yellow Hat") Gelug.[2] The monasteries of Hanle, Hemis, Chemrey and Stakna all belong to the Drukpa school.[3]

Sengge Namgyal died at Hanle on his return from an expedition against the Mongols who had occupied the Tibetan province of Tsang and were threatening Ladakh.[4]

Outside donations established the Tashi Choeling ("Auspicious Dharma Centre") in 1983 providing support for resident nuns (who numbered 47 in 2003).[5]

In a January, 2004 article it is said to have had only 10 resident monks with 33 coming regularly for prayers.[6]

It is also home to the Indian Astronomical Observatory. The location of both the village and the observatory are highly sensitive due to the close proximity of the Tibetan / Chinese border and special permission is needed to visit either by the Indian Government.[citation needed] Fukche airport is 24 km away, and Ukdungle town is close by.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Lang and Klum (2004), p. 90.
  2. ^ Rizvi (1996), pp. 67-68.
  3. ^ Rizvi (1996), p. 219.
  4. ^ Rizvi (1996), p. 70.
  5. ^ Lang and Klum (2004), p. 97.
  6. ^ Lang and Klum (2004), p. 90.

References[edit]

  • Lang, Karen E. and photos by Mattias Klum. "In their own world: The sacred community of India's forbidden Hanle Valley." National Geographic Magazine. January 2004, pp. 88–99.
  • Rizvi, Janet (1996). Ladakh: Crossroads of High Asia. Second Edition. (1996). Oxford University Press, New Delhi. ISBN 0-19-564546-4.