Heckmondwike

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Coordinates: 53°42′29″N 1°40′12″W / 53.708°N 1.670°W / 53.708; -1.670

Heckmondwike
Clock, Market Street - geograph.org.uk - 1468223
Clock in Heckmondwike's centre, erected in 1863 to commemorate the marriage of The Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark.[1]
Heckmondwike is located in West Yorkshire
Heckmondwike
Heckmondwike
 Heckmondwike shown within West Yorkshire
Population 17,066 
Metropolitan borough Kirklees
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HECKMONDWIKE
Postcode district WF16
Dialling code 01924
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Batley and Spen
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Heckmondwike is a town and electoral ward in the metropolitan borough of Kirklees, West Yorkshire, England, 9 miles (14 km) south west of Leeds. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is close to Cleckheaton and Liversedge. It is in the Batley and Spen parliamentary constituency, and had an estimated population of 17,066 in March 2001.[2]

Toponymy[edit]

The origins of Heckmondwike are in Old English. First recorded as Hedmundewic [sic] in the Domesday Book of 1086, Hedmundewic in 1166, and as Hecmundewik sometime in the 13th century, the name seems to be from *Hēahmundes wīc, or 'Heahmund's dairy-farm'.[3]

History[edit]

The Poll Tax of 1379 records there were seven families in Heckmondwike, about 35 people including one named Thomas of Stubly. Most lived in isolated farmsteads such as Stubley Farm, on high ground overlooking the marshy Spen Valley floor.

During Saxon times Heckmondwike was a "berewick" or independent village in the manor of Gomersal, which, before 1066, was held by Dunstan and Gamel. After the Norman Conquest, William confiscated the land and divided it amongst his followers, one of which, Ilbert de Lacy, was made Baron of Pontefract and over-lord of vast stretches of land, including the Spen Valley.[citation needed]

In 1684 there were around 250 people in the township, occupying 50 houses. The town became famous for manufacturing blankets and by 1811 the Blanket Hall was built for the trade in the town's primary manufacture. It was replaced by a second hall erected in 1839, on Blanket Hall Street in the town centre. Elizabeth Gaskell's biography of Charlotte Brontë in 1857 described the inhabitants of Heckmondwike as "a chapel-going people, very critical of their sermons, tyrannical to their ministers and violent radicals".

The town ceased generating electricity in 1924. The Power Company buildings survive in part on Bath Road.[4] The remains of the first Blanket Hall were demolished in spring 2008, along with a number of other old buildings including some former Co-op buildings that had been used as the post office and former "George" public house.

The Heckmondwike footwear company, Goliath, or Co-op Boot Company, made football boots for Sir Stanley Matthews,[citation needed] The Brunswick Mill site is being redeveloped for housing. The development is called "Brunswick Place".[citation needed]

A health centre was opened in July 2010 housing two former doctors' practices.[5]

Geography[edit]

Located at the edge of the Pennine hills, the land rises to the north, east and south of the town centre. The town covers an area of one square mile (697 acres),[6] the town boundary is not the same as the ward boundary.

Heckmondwike has a telephone exchange, north of High Street in the Wakefield 01924 dialling area. The exchange covers Liversedge, and parts of Dewsbury Moor and Staincliffe.

Politics[edit]

In 1894 Heckmondwike Urban District Council was established and was incorporated into Kirklees in the local government reorganisation of 1974. The Heckmondwike electoral ward includes Millbridge, Flush and Norristhorpe in Liversedge south of the A62 road. Heckmondwike ward is represented on Kirklees Council by three Labour councillors.

In 2003 the ward elected a member of the British National Party. David Exley, was elected after the serving councillor left the Labour Party to run as an independent. Exley was re-elected in 2004 and in 2006 a second BNP member, Roger Roberts, was elected. Roberts had previously served as councillor for the Conservative Party.[7] In May 2007 David Sheard (Labour), was returned. In May 2008 Exley lost his seat to Labour candidate, Steve Hall. In May 2010 Roberts lost his seat to Labour candidate Viv Kendrick. In 2011 Sheard was re-elected and Hall was re-elected in 2012.

Newspapers[edit]

The weekly newspaper was the Heckmondwike Herald until Friday 15 August 2008 after which the title was merged into the Spenborough Guardian incorporating the Heckmondwike Herald. It covers the former Spenborough Urban District and Heckmondwike.[8]

Notable people[edit]

For a fuller list, see Category:People from Heckmondwike


Location grid[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inscription on the clock itself.
  2. ^ "Heckmomdwike". Ward Profiles. Kirklees Council. March 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  3. ^ 'Oxford Dictionary of British Place-Names', A.D. Mills, Oxford University Press; Victor Watts (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names Based on the Collections of the English Place-Name Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).
  4. ^ Heckmondwike Official Guide 1st edition
  5. ^ [1] Retrieved 2011-12-02
  6. ^ Heckmondwike Guide 1922
  7. ^ "Results for Heckmondwike in the 2004 Kirklees Election". Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  8. ^ Wakefield Today Website Dewsbury newspapers
  9. ^ http://www.archive.org/stream/MyExperiencesAsAnExecutioner/Berry_djvu.txt

External links[edit]