The charts below show the way in which the
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Belarusian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
Belarusian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Belarusian.
[1 ] English approximation
ds, a dze
г roughly like
go, but without completely
blocking air flow on the g
л [2 ]
loot; lute (for some dialects)
noon; ca nyon (for some dialects)
trilled r, like in Spanish
soup; super (for some dialects)
ts; quar tz
в [2 ]
ch; huge (for some dialects).
zoo; ama zing
goo; a gue
Stress (placed before the stressed syllable)
Gemination (doubled consonant) [6 ]
^ Belarusian makes contrasts between palatalized ("soft") and unpalatalized ("hard") consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, ‹ ʲ› , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes. /j/ is also considered soft. /d, t, d͡ʐ, t͡ʂ, r, ʂ, ʐ/ are always hard.
^ a b c /v/ and /l/ merge into /w/ ‹ў› when in the syllable coda.
^ a b c Unstressed /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ are reduced to [a]. Unlike Russian, this is reflected in writing.
^ a b [i] and [ɨ] are in complementary distribution: [i] occurs word-initially and after soft consonants; [ɨ] occurs after hard consonants.
^ The "soft" vowel letters ‹я, е, і, ё, ю› represent a /j/ plus a vowel when initial or following other vowels.
^ Nine Belarusian consonants can be contrastively geminated: /d͡zʲː, lʲː, nʲː, sʲː, ʂː, t͡sʲː, t͡ʂː, zʲː, ʐː/.