Italian hip hop
|Music of Italy|
|Media and performance|
|Music awards||Italian Music Awards|
|Music charts||Federation of the Italian Music Industry|
|Music media||Music media in Italy|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||"Il Canto degli Italiani"|
Italian hip hop started in the early 1990s. One of the first hip hop crews to catch the attention of the Italian mainstream was Milan's Articolo 31, then and still today produced by Franco Godi, who had written the soundtrack to the animated TV series Signor Rossi in the 1970s. The European Music Office's report on Music in Europe claimed that, in general, hip hop from the south of Italy tends to be harder than that from the north .
In the early 1980s, hip hop spread to Italy from Jamaican and Posse, especially in centri sociali, alternative centers where several left-wing young people regularly meet. The first star, however, was Jovanotti, who used rapping in otherwise traditional Italian pop.
Articolo 31 started out as a mainly East Coast rap-inspired hip hop duo, but changed to a more commercial style during their career and eventually evolved into a punk/pop/crossover group. Articolo 31 split up and J-Ax, the singer, has begun a solo career. Other important crews and rappers include Bologna's Porzione Massiccia Crew, Sangue Misto with their 1994 album SMX whose music have influences from world music to trip hop. Gangsta rap crews include probably the most famous Italian rappers apart from Articolo 31, Kaos One, Neffa, Sacre Scuole, Fabri Fibra, Caparezza is often Eminem because his records sold many copies from 2000 on.
Italian hip hop also has a tradition of political-minded lyrics, e.g. Club Dogo and Fedez. Fabri Fibra has also become a very popular rap artist and has collaborated with Italian super stars Gianna Nannini and Pino Daniele as well as others. Other Mainstream Artists are Fabri Fibra, J-Ax, Marracash, Club Dogo, Emis Killa, Clementino, Andrea Nardinocchi, Mecna, Ghemon, Baby K, Noyz Narcos, Dargen D'Amico, Ensi, Vacca, Vincenzo da Via Anfossi and Mondo Marcio.
- Stokes, Martin (2003). "Ethnicity and Race". In John Shepherd, David Horn, Dave Laing, Paul Oliver and Peter Wicke. Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Volume 1: Media, Industry and Society. London: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-6321-5.
- "BBC News - Jovanotti in New York: Italy's first rapper moves to the home of hip hop". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "Hip Hop and Rap in Europe. The culture of the urban ghetto's". Icce.rug.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "A Roman Rapper Comes to New York, Where He Can Get Real". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- "Jovanotti Brings Italian-Style Hip-Hop to US | Public Radio International". Pri.org. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- Khan, Imran. "Dreadbeat: Italian Rapper Luche's "Chi Non Dimentica"". PopMatters. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
- Joe Sciorra 's site about Italian Hip Hop
- Zero-plastica 's site hip hop underground from Italy genova
- Italian based hip hop site supplying international exclusives (news, interviews, audios, videos, gallery)
- Italian Hip Hop Portal which includes a large database of Italian as well as International (mainly US) artists
- Brief overview of Italian Hip Hop
- Hip Hop Selection - Daily news and links about Italian and international Hip Hop
- List of Italian rapper