Jasper, Alabama

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Jasper, Alabama
City
Jasper sign (1 of 1).jpg
Motto: "Experience from the past, knowledge for the future."
Location in Walker County and the state of Alabama
Location in Walker County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°50′32″N 87°16′38″W / 33.84222°N 87.27722°W / 33.84222; -87.27722
Country United States
State Alabama
County Walker
Government
 • Mayor Sonny Posey
Area
 • Total 26.9 sq mi (69.6 km2)
 • Land 26.9 sq mi (69.6 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 328 ft (100 m)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 14,222
 • Density 522.4/sq mi (201.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 35501-35504
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-38416
GNIS feature ID 0120822
Website http://www.jaspercity.com/

Jasper is a city in Walker County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 13,857.[2] The city is the county seat of Walker County,[3] and once ranked among the world's leading producers of coal.

History[edit]

Jasper, named in honor of Sergeant William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero, was settled around 1815, but was not incorporated until August 18, 1886.[4]

During the Civil War, Union troops marching toward Selma burned the courthouse and several other buildings in town and raided neighboring farms for supplies.[4]

The first significant growth of the area was realized in 1886, when the Kansas City-Memphis & Birmingham and the Sheffield & Birmingham Railroads were completed through Jasper. The population grew from 200 people in 1886 to more than 3,000 in 1890.[4] In a special edition in 1891, the Mountain Eagle stated there were six coal mines, two sandstone quarries, 400 coke ovens, one foundry and machine shop, two saw mills, one brick works, four hotels, and two banks.

President Franklin Roosevelt visited the town in 1940 to attend a memorial service for his friend and supporter, William Bankhead.[4]

Historic sites[edit]

Jasper has several sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These include the John Hollis Bankhead House, First United Methodist Church, Jasper Downtown Historic District, and Walker County Hospital.[5]

Geography[edit]

Jasper is located at 33°50′32″N 87°16′38″W / 33.84222°N 87.27722°W / 33.84222; -87.27722 (33.842347, -87.277174).[6]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.9 square miles (70 km2), of which 26.9 square miles (70 km2) is land and 0.04% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 269
1890 780 190.0%
1900 1,661 112.9%
1910 2,509 51.1%
1920 3,246 29.4%
1930 5,313 63.7%
1940 6,847 28.9%
1950 8,589 25.4%
1960 10,799 25.7%
1970 10,798 0.0%
1980 11,894 10.2%
1990 13,553 13.9%
2000 14,052 3.7%
2010 13,857 −1.4%
Est. 2013 14,222 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[8]

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,052 people, 5,728 households, and 3,809 families residing in the city. The population density was 523.0 people per square mile (201.9/km²). There were 6,473 housing units at an average density of 240.9 per square mile (93.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.15% White, 13.98% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.l.

There were 5,728 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33, and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,044, and the median income for a family was $43,674. Males had a median income of $35,182 versus $22,868 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,491. About 10.2% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Elementary (K-5)

Memorial Park School, T.R. Simmons Elementary School, West Jasper Elementary School

Junior High (6-8)

Maddox Middle School (formerly "Jasper Junior High", grades 6 - 8)

High School (9-12)

Walker High School

North Highlands School

School for disabled of all grades

Media[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

  • W16CM-D/16

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  2. ^ Best Places to Live in Jasper, Alabama
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b c d Kaetz, James P. "Encyclopedia of Alabama: Jasper". encyclopediaofalabama.org. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.nfl.com/player/ronniecoleman/2511750/profile

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°50′32″N 87°16′38″W / 33.842347°N 87.277174°W / 33.842347; -87.277174