Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat

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Joseph and the Amazing
Technicolor Dreamcoat
Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat.jpg
1991 Revivals Logo
Music Andrew Lloyd Webber
Lyrics Tim Rice
Basis The story of Joseph in Genesis
Productions 1968 Colet Court cantata
1973 West End
1978 West End
1979 West End
1982 Broadway
1991 West End revival
1992 Toronto
1993 Australia
1993 Broadway revival
2003 West End revival
2005, 2007 United States Tour
2007 West End revival
2010–present UK tour
2014 United States Tour

Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat is a musical or operetta with lyrics by Tim Rice and music by Andrew Lloyd Webber. The story is based on the "coat of many colors" story of Joseph from the Bible's Book of Genesis. This was the first Lloyd Webber and Rice musical to be performed publicly. (Their first musical, The Likes of Us, written in 1965, was not performed until 2005.)

The show has little spoken dialogue; it is completely sung-through. Its family-friendly storyline, universal themes and catchy music have resulted in numerous productions of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat; according to the Really Useful Group, by 2008 more than 20,000 schools and amateur theatre groups had successfully put on productions.[1]

Development[edit]

Joseph was first presented as a 15-minute pop cantata at Colet Court School in London in 1968 and was recorded as a concept album in 1969. After the success of the next Lloyd Webber and Rice piece, Jesus Christ Superstar, Joseph received stage productions beginning in 1970 and expanded recordings in 1971 and 1972. While still undergoing various transformations and expansions, the musical was produced in the West End in 1973, and in its full format was recorded in 1974 and opened on Broadway in 1982. Several major revivals and a 1999 straight-to-video film, starring Donny Osmond, followed.

Lloyd Webber's composer father, William, felt the show had the seeds of greatness. He encouraged and arranged for a second performance — at his church, Westminster Central Hall — with a revised and expanded format. The boys of Colet Court sang at this performance in May 1968,[2] which also included the Mixed Bag. It received positive reviews: London's Sunday Times said it was a new pop oratorio. By its third performance at St Paul's Cathedral in November 1968, it had been expanded to 35 minutes and included songs such as "Potiphar".[2]

Novello agreed to publish the work, and Decca Records recorded it in 1969 as a concept album. David Daltrey, front man of British psychedelic band Tales of Justine, played the role of Joseph; and Tim Rice was Pharaoh. Other vocalists included Terry Saunders and Malcolm Parry of the Mixed Bag.[3][4][5]

In 1969, Lloyd Webber and Rice used the popularity of their second rock opera, Jesus Christ Superstar, to promote Joseph, which was advertised in America as a "follow-up" to Superstar.[6] Riding on Superstar's coattails proved profitable for Joseph, as the U.S. Decca recording of Superstar had been in the top of America's charts for three months. The first American production of Joseph was in May 1970, at Cathedral College of the Immaculate Conception in Douglaston, New York. Following this, according to Lloyd Webber's Really Useful site, "there followed huge interest from colleges and schools."[7]

Early stage performances and recordings[edit]

1969 concept album[edit]

Decca Records recorded Joseph in 1969 as a concept album, credited to the Joseph Consortium. David Daltrey, front man of British EMI psychedelic band Tales of Justine, played the role of Joseph and lead guitar; and Tim Rice was Pharaoh. Other vocalists included members of the Mixed Bag group such as Terry Saunders and Malcolm Parry, and the choir of Colet Court School.[3][4][5] Daltrey, although not part of the Mixed Bag group, was managed by Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber at the time, and fellow EMI colleague Martin Wilcox had suggested the Mixed Bag to Tim Rice to help out as a backing group on the album.

1971 recording[edit]

A recording of the musical with 19 tracks was issued in the U.S. on Scepter Records in 1971. It was a reissue of the 1969 Decca UK album, capitalizing on the success of 1970's Jesus Christ Superstar in the U.S. It featured David Daltrey as Joseph, Tim Rice as Pharaoh, Dr. William S. Lloyd Webber on the Hammond organ, Alan Doggett conducting, various solo vocalists and instrumentalists, and the Colet Court choir as the chorus.[8][9]

Young Vic production and recordings[edit]

In late August and September 1972, Joseph was presented at the Edinburgh International Festival by the Young Vic Theatre Company, directed by Frank Dunlop. It starred Gary Bond in the title role, Peter Reeves as the narrator, and Gordon Waller as Pharaoh. In October the production played at London's Young Vic Theatre, and in November at the Roundhouse. The production was part of a double bill called Bible One: Two Looks at the Book of Genesis. Part I, entitled The Genesis Mediaeval Mystery Plays: The Creation to Jacob (at the Young Vic originally called simply Mediaeval Mystery Plays), was Dunlop's reworking of the first six of the medieval Wakefield Mystery Plays, with music by Alan Doggett. Part II was Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat.[6] The Young Vic production was recorded for an LP released on the RSO label in 1972. This production was also televised in the UK by Granada Television in 1972.[10]

In February 1973, theatre producer Michael White and impresario Robert Stigwood mounted the Young Vic production at the Albery Theatre in the West End, where it ran for 243 performances.[11] The mystery plays which had preceded the original Young Vic productions were dropped, and instead the musical was preceded by a piece called Jacob's Journey, with music and lyrics by Lloyd Webber and Rice and a book by television comedy writers Ray Galton and Alan Simpson.

The new opening piece, Jacob's Journey, which contained a great deal of spoken dialogue, was eventually phased out in favour of a completely sung-through score. The first production of the show in its modern, final form was at the Haymarket Theatre in Leicester, which presented the musical several times in the mid- to late-1970s.[6][12]

A recording of the full musical was released on the MCA label in 1974, again featuring Gary Bond, Peter Reeves, and Gordon Waller. This is the earliest recording of Joseph to eventually go to CD. Gordon Waller also appeared on another recording in 1979, featuring Tim Rice as the Narrator and Paul Jones as Joseph, on the Music For Pleasure label.

1975–1979[edit]

In 1975 Miranda Enterprises in association with Leicester Theatre Company presented a production of Joseph at the Queen's Theatre, Hornchurch. It was directed by Paul Tomlinson, Choreographed by David Thornton, and Designed by Hugh Durrant, with Chris Littlewood as the Musical Director. This production starred Patrick Ryecart as Joseph, David Sadgrove as Pharaoh, and had three Narrators: Nigel Baldwin, Ben Bazell, and Patrick Reilley.

Ken Hill directed a large-scale production of Joseph at the Westminster Theatre, London, which ran from November 1978 to February 1979, and again from November 1979 to February 1980. This production starred Paul Jones as Joseph, John Golder as the Narrator, and Leonard Whiting as Pharaoh. The producer was Martin Gates, the Musical Director was Jack Forsyth, the Lighting Designer was Francis Reed, and the Designer was Saul Radomsky. A recording of this production with additional narration spoken by children was broadcast on BBC radio, produced by Richard Wilcox.

Professional productions in the U.S.[edit]

The musical ran at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in New York in 1976 and in 1977 as "holiday fare". In the 1976 production, which opened on 30 December, direction was by John Dunlop, with a cast that featured Cleavon Little as the Narrator and David-James Carroll as Joseph.[13] In the 1977 production, running in December through 1 January 1978, staging was by Graciela Daniele, and David-James Carroll played Joseph, Alan Weeks played the Narrator and William Parry played Pharaoh/Elvis.[14]

Joseph opened in an Off-Broadway production at the Entermedia Theatre on 18 November 1981, and ran through 24 January 1982. Directed by Tony Tanner, the cast starred Bill Hutton as Joseph, Laurie Beechman as the Narrator, and Tom Carder as Pharaoh. The New York Times review noted that the musical had previously played at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, and that this 1981 Entermedia Theatre production was the "professional Manhattan premiere".[15][16]

The musical transferred to Broadway at the Royale Theatre on 27 January 1982 and ran through 4 September 1983, with 747 performances.[17] Directed and choreographed by Tony Tanner, the off-Broadway cast reprised their roles, with Bill Hutton as Joseph, Laurie Beechman as the Narrator, and Tom Carder as Pharaoh. This production was recorded for release on the Chrysalis label, and is the first to feature the Prologue (dubbed on the Chrysalis release "You are what you feel"). The show received several Tony Award nominations including Best Musical and Best Original Score. David Cassidy took over the role of Joseph in March 1983 through September 10, 1983 and performed in the touring cast in 1983/1984.[18]

A new North American touring production began on March 4, 2014 in Cleveland, Ohio starring Diana DeGarmo as the Narrator and Ace Young as Joseph.[19]

1990s[edit]

With Jason Donovan in the lead, the expanded show was restaged in 1991 at the London Palladium with Steven Pimlott as director, winning the 1992 Laurence Olivier Award for set design. The cast album of this production was the #1 UK album for two weeks in September 1991, and the single "Any Dream Will Do" from it was also the #1 UK single for two weeks in June–July 1991. When Donovan left, former children's TV presenter Phillip Schofield portrayed Joseph.

The musical opened in Toronto at the Elgin Theatre in July 1992, with Donny Osmond as Joseph and Janet Metz as the Narrator.[20]

The show was revived in the United States in 1993, playing in Los Angeles at the Pantages Theatre for 18 weeks[21] and in San Francisco at the Golden Gate Theatre for an 8-week run[21] before moving to Broadway, playing at the Minskoff Theatre from November 10, 1993 to May 29, 1994 for 231 performances.[22] Directed by Steven Pimlott and choreographed by Anthony Van Laast, the cast featured Michael Damian (Joseph), Kelli Rabke (Narrator), Clifford David (Jacob), and Robert Torti (Pharoh).[23][24]

In 1999, a video version with Donny Osmond in the title role was released, directed by David Mallet. Osmond had toured North America in the role after opening the Toronto revival in 1992. Maria Friedman appears as the Narrator, Richard Attenborough as Jacob, Ian McNeice as Potiphar, Joan Collins as Mrs. Potiphar and Robert Torti as Pharaoh.[25]

2000s[edit]

A modest production starring former Boyzone singer Stephen Gately, "with cartoon cut-out sets and props and naff panto choreography", previewed in Oxford in December 2002, before moving to Liverpool over Christmas 2002. This production reached the West End at the New London Theatre in March 2003.[26]

A U.S. national tour began in September 2005 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and starred Patrick Cassidy.[27]

A 2007 revival of the London Palladium production at the Adelphi Theatre was the subject of BBC One's second search for a West End star, capitalizing on the success of the BBC's 2006 Lloyd Webber talent search series, How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria?. This new talent search show, Any Dream Will Do, with the participation of Lloyd Webber and other theatre luminaries, sought a new leading man to play Joseph. More than 3 million viewers cast votes during the 9 June 2007 series finale, and made 25-year-old Lee Mead "officially the people's Joseph". Mead had given up his ensemble role in The Phantom of the Opera, where he also understudied Raoul. The new Joseph production, which began on 6 July 2007, used Steven Pimlott's (who had died since staging the Palladium production) original direction, with Bombay Dreams star Preeya Kalidas as the Narrator.[28]

Tickets for the show's originally-planned six-month run sold so fast that in three weeks all tickets for the first three months were sold out, and the producers had extended the show's run — and Mead's contract — until 7 June 2008. Before opening night, the producers had banked £10 million in receipts from advance ticket sales. In his review for Variety, David Benedict wrote, "Mead delivers.... [He] is contracted for at least a year. For as long as Mead chooses to continue in it, Joseph is, commercially speaking, the safest of bets." Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group donated all receipts from two special performances to the BBC's Children in Need charity appeal. Additionally, the money normally given to the cast for first-night gifts in July 2007 went instead to Children in Need. In January 2009 Mead left the show and was replaced by Gareth Gates. The production closed in May 2009.

The long-running UK touring production, which was re-cast in 2010, starred Keith Jack as Joseph as of July 2010, opposite Jennifer Potts as narrator.[29]

On the 10th of December 2013, Andrew Lloyd Webber confirmed on BBC's The One Show that he had signed off a new film version of Joseph following the success of recent musical films such as Les Miserables.[30]

Synopsis[edit]

Act I

The story is based on the Biblical story of Joseph, found in the Book of Genesis. It is set in a frame in which a narrator is telling a story (sometimes to children, encouraging them to dream). She then tells the story of Joseph, another dreamer ("Prologue," "Any Dream Will Do"). In the beginning of the main story Jacob and his 12 sons are introduced ("Jacob and Sons"). Joseph's brothers are jealous of him for his coat of many colours, a symbol of their father's preference for him ("Joseph's Coat"). It is clear from Joseph's dreams that he is destined to rule over them ("Joseph's Dreams"). To get rid of him and prevent the dreams from coming true, they attempt fratricide, but then they sell Joseph as a slave to some passing Ishmaelites ("Poor, Poor Joseph"), who take him to Egypt.

Back home, his brothers, led by Reuben and accompanied by their wives, break the news to Jacob that Joseph has been killed. They show his tattered coat smeared with his blood – really goat blood – as proof that what they say is true ("One More Angel in Heaven"). After the bereft Jacob leaves, the brothers and their wives happily celebrate the loss of Joseph.

In Egypt, Joseph is the slave of Egyptian millionaire Potiphar. He rises through the ranks of slaves and servants until he is running Potiphar's house. When Mrs. Potiphar makes advances, Joseph spurns her. She removes his shirt, feels his chest and back, squeezes his rear and blows him kisses. Potiphar overhears, barges in, sees the two together – and jumps to conclusions ("Potiphar"). Outraged, he throws Joseph in jail. Depressed, Joseph laments the situation ("Close Every Door") – but his spirits rise when he helps two prisoners put in his cell. Both are former servants of the Pharaoh and both have had bizarre dreams. Joseph interprets them. One cellmate, the Baker, will be executed, but the other, the Butler, will be returned to service. Upon hearing this, the rest of the prisoners surround Joseph and encourage him to go after his dreams ("Go, Go, Go Joseph").

Act II

The Narrator tells of impending changes in Joseph's fortunes ("A Pharaoh Story") because the Pharaoh is having dreams that no one can interpret. Now freed, the Butler tells Pharaoh (acted in the style of Elvis Presley) of Joseph and his dream-interpretation skills ("Poor, Poor Pharaoh"). Pharaoh orders Joseph to be brought in and the king tells him his dream involving seven fat cows, seven skinny cows, seven healthy ears of corn, and seven dead ears of corn ("Song of the King").

Joseph interprets the dream as seven plentiful years of crops followed by seven years of famine ("Pharaoh's Dreams Explained"). An astonished Pharaoh puts Joseph in charge of carrying out the preparations needed to endure the impending famine, and Joseph becomes the most powerful man in Egypt, second only to Pharaoh himself ("Stone the Crows"). (In the 2007 London revival, Pharaoh has a new song, "King of my Heart").

Back home, the famine has caught up with Joseph's brothers, who – led by the brother Simeon – express regret at selling him and deceiving their father ("Those Canaan Days"). They hear that Egypt still has food and decide to go there to beg for mercy and to be fed, not realising that they will be dealing with Joseph ("The Brothers Come to Egypt"). Joseph gives them sacksful of food and sends them on their way, but plants a golden cup in the sack of his youngest brother, Benjamin ("Grovel, Grovel"). When the brothers try to leave, Joseph stops them, asking about the "stolen cup". Each brother empties his sack, and it is revealed that Benjamin has the cup. Joseph then accuses Benjamin of robbery ("Who's the Thief?"). The other brothers, led by Judah, beg for mercy for Benjamin, imploring that Joseph take them prisoner and set Benjamin free ("Benjamin Calypso").

Seeing their selflessness and penitence, Joseph reveals himself ("Joseph All the Time") and sends for his father. The two are reunited ("Jacob in Egypt") for a happy conclusion and Joseph dons his coloured coat once more ("Finale: Any Dream Will Do (Reprise)/Give Me My Coloured Coat").

In some productions, the finale is followed by a rock/disco medley of most of the musical's major numbers ("Joseph Megamix").

Characters[edit]

  • Narrator: A woman (in original productions, a man), not of the time or place of the action. The Narrator tells the story through word and song, guiding the audience gently through the story of Joseph and his brothers, usually gives meaning to the story with her/his words.
  • Jacob: The father of twelve sons, his favorite being Joseph. At times he may appear unfair and shallow, but he is, more importantly, the prophet who recognizes the future and the calling of Joseph, thus saving the House of Israel.
  • Joseph: Obviously his father’s favorite, Joseph early on shows a talent for interpreting dreams and telling the future. This gets him into trouble with his brothers when he predicts his future will include ruling over the other eleven. However, it saves his life when in Egypt he correctly interprets Pharaoh’s dreams. In the end he has risen to a great position of power, but he still forgives his brothers and brings his family to Egypt to partake of the bounty he has accumulated there.
  • Ishmaelites: Men of the desert, they buy Joseph as a slave, take him to Egypt, and sell him to Potiphar.
  • Potiphar: A powerful and rich Egyptian, Potiphar purchases Joseph and puts him to work in his household, where he soon realizes that Joseph is honest, hard-working, and a great addition to his pool of help. When he grows suspicious of Mrs. Potiphar and Joseph, however, he grows angry and has Joseph thrown into prison.
  • Mrs. Potiphar: Beautiful and scheming, Mrs. Potiphar tries to seduce Joseph, but is unsuccessful. However, she does manage to rip off much of his clothing just as her husband comes into the room, thus condemning him to prison.
  • Baker: One of Pharaoh servants, the Baker is in prison with Joseph who correctly interprets his dreams and predicts that he will be put to death.
  • Butler: Another of Pharaoh servants, the Butler is also in prison with Joseph who also correctly interprets his dreams, this time that he will be released and taken back into Pharaoh's household. It is the Butler who tells Pharaoh about Joseph and his uncanny ability with dreams.
  • Pharaoh: The most powerful man in Egypt, Pharaoh is considered a god on earth. When Joseph interprets his dreams, he promotes him to one of the highest positions in his government. In most productions, Pharaoh is portrayed as an Elvis Presley-style figure.
  • Joseph's Eleven Brothers: Although acting usually as a group, they each have their own different personalities, talents, and flaws. As a group they sell Joseph into slavery, but as individuals they deal with the following years and how they can make amends. They sing and dance their way through many situations and places. The performers also double as Egyptians in many cases.
    • Reuben: Eldest son of Jacob; showed kindness to Joseph and was the means of saving his life when his other brothers would have put him to death.
    • Simeon: Second son of Jacob; detained by Joseph in Egypt as a hostage.
    • Levi: Third son of Jacob, by Leah; he went down with Jacob into Egypt.
    • Judah: Fourth son of Jacob; he pleads with Joseph when Benjamin is falsely arrested for theft of a goblet; one of his descendants was to be the Messiah.
    • Dan: Fifth son of Jacob, by Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid.
    • Naphtali: Sixth son of Jacob, by Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid.
    • Gad: Seventh son of Jacob, by Zilpah, Leah's handmaid.
    • Asher: Eighth son of Jacob, by Zilpah, Leah's handmaid.
    • Issachar: Ninth son of Jacob.
    • Zebulun: Tenth son of Jacob; he had three sons.
    • Benjamin: Twelfth son of Jacob. Joseph accuses him of stealing the golden cup. After Joseph went missing, Benjamin was beloved.
  • The Wives: The wives of the eleven brothers.
  • Adult chorus
  • Children's chorus

Musical numbers[edit]


Notable in the composition of the music is the variety of styles used by Lloyd Webber, including parodies of French ballads ("Those Canaan Days"), Elvis-inspired rock and roll ("Song of the King"), western ("One More Angel In Heaven"), 1920s Charleston ("Potiphar"), and Calypso ("Benjamin Calypso"). Often, productions will make costume and prop changes to reflect each of the various musical styles.

"Prologue" is a late addition to the show, not included in any recordings produced before the 1982 Broadway production; the use of "Any Dream Will Do" at the start of the show (and the renaming of the closing version as per the above list) dates from the 1991 revival.

The UK touring production circa 1983-1987 (produced by Bill Kenwright), included an additional song "I Don't Think I'm Wanted Back At Home", which was originally part of Jacob's Journey.[32] Sung by the title character, the brothers jokingly throw Joseph out of the family home, throwing a number of props at the lone Joseph who is seen in a spotlight – first a suitcase, then a cane and top hat, leaving our hero to tap-dance his way to the end of the number. The tune has been recycled into numbers in By Jeeves and The Likes of Us.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1982 Tony Award Best Musical Nominated
Best Book of a Musical Tim Rice Nominated
Best Original Score Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Bill Hutton Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical Laurie Beechman Nominated
Best Choreography Tony Tanner Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Musical Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Laurie Beechman Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical Tony Tanner Nominated

1991 London revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1992 Laurence Olivier Award Best Musical Revival Nominated
Best Actor in a Musical Jason Donovan Nominated
Best Actress in a Musical Linzi Hateley Nominated
Best Director of a Musical Steven Pimlott Nominated
Best Theatre Choreographer Anthony Van Laast Nominated
Best Set Designer Mark Thompson Won

2003 London revival[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2004 Laurence Olivier Award Best Musical Revival Nominated

Film adaptation[edit]

According to BroadwayWorld.com, Andrew Lloyd Webber stated that a 2014 film version of Joseph has been discussed for years. However, due to the success of the recent musical adaptation Les Miserables, Lloyd Webber officially confirmed a film based on the show.[33]

Published music[edit]

A piano/vocal/guitar edition of most of the show's major vocal selections has been published. A vocal score of the original production is also available. And when the 2007 London revival opened, Lloyd Webber and Rice produced a new updated vocal score which contains all of the additional material, including the prologue, new dance music, and updated arrangements.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Joseph benefits BBC Children in Need". The Really Useful Group. June 29, 2007.
  2. ^ a b The Really Useful Group. "About The Show". Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  3. ^ a b 1969 Decca Concept Album (vocalists)
  4. ^ a b 1969 Decca Concept Album – Credits
  5. ^ a b Compiled information on the 1969 Decca album
  6. ^ a b c Vocal Selections: Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard. 1994. ISBN 0-7935-3427-5. 
  7. ^ "About the Show" reallyuseful.com, accessed March 17, 2011
  8. ^ "Joseph And The Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat Listing, Scepter Records, SPS-588X, 1971" discogs.com, accessed March 17, 2011
  9. ^ Q&A regarding the original Decca and Scepter albums
  10. ^ Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (TV, 1972) at the Internet Movie Database
  11. ^ Chronology, 1973 guidetomusicaltheatre.com, accessed March 17, 2011
  12. ^ Garratt, David. "The Haymarket Theatre, Leicester". ArthurLloyd.co.uk, accessed March 18, 2011
  13. ^ Barnes, Clive. "Stage:Technicolor Dreamcoat", The New York Times, December 31, 1976, p. 37
  14. ^ Rockwell, John."Rock: 'Joseph and Dreamcoat'" The New York Times (abstract), December 16, 1977, p. 88
  15. ^ Gussow, Mel."Theater: 'Joseph And The Dreamcoat'" The New York Times, November 19, 1981
  16. ^ "'Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat' listing, 1981" Internet Off-Broadway Database, accessed March 17, 2011
  17. ^ "Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat' Listing, 1982". Internet Broadway Database, accessed March 17, 2011
  18. ^ "David Cassidy Fan Site" David Cassidy Fan Site
  19. ^ http://www.broadwayworld.com/article/Diana-DeGarmo-and-Ace-Young-to-Lead-JOSEPH-AND-THE-AMAZING-TECHNICOLOR-DREAMCOAT-National-Tour-Launches-34-in-Cleveland-20130819
  20. ^ Murray, Karen."Review: 'Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat'" Variety (subscription required), June 1992
  21. ^ a b Slate, Libby (30 May 1993). "On View : The Many Stages of Michael Damian". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  22. ^ Bloom, Ken (2003). Broadway: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 552. ISBN 9781135950194. 
  23. ^ "'Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat', 1993" Internet Broadway Database, accessed March 17, 2011
  24. ^ Brantley, Ben (11 November 1993). "Review/Theater: Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat; Joseph And His Brothers, To Music". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "IMDB listing for 1999 video". Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  26. ^ Shenton, Mark."Review: 'Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat", 2003" whatsonstage.com, 4 March 2003
  27. ^ Hernandez, Ernio.Patrick Cassidy and "American Idol" Starlet Tour with 'Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat'" Playbill.com, 15 June 2005
  28. ^ de Jongh, Nicholas."Review:'Joseph And The Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat'" This is London, 18 July 2007
  29. ^ Probst, Andy Keith Jack to Join U.K. 'Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat' Tour in July" at the Wayback Machine (archived January 12, 2012) Theater Mania, 9 April 2010
  30. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b03ktcd7/The_One_Show_09_12_2013/
  31. ^ Musical Numbers, JosephTheMusical.com. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  32. ^ "TimRice.com". Retrieved 2007-07-05. 
  33. ^ Cerasaro, Pat (December 10, 2013). "Andrew Lloyd Webber Confirms New JOSEPH & THE AMAZING TECHNICOLOR DREAMCOAT Movie". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Metallica by Metallica
UK number one album
31 August 1991 – 13 September 1991
Succeeded by
From Time to Time - The Singles Collection
by Paul Young