Kenkoku University

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Kenkoku University (National Foundation University) was a short-lived educational establishment in Japanese-occupied Manchuria.

The University was founded in 1938 by General Kanji Ishiwara, and was run by Professor Shoichi Sakuda of Kyoto University.[1] Its purpose was to promote "ethnic harmony" in the region, legitimising and promoting the Japanese occupation.[2] To this end, students were recruited from Japan, China, Mongolia, Taiwan, Manchuria, Korea and Russia.[3] As well as offering free tuition, the University also provided its students with board and lodgings, and a stipend.[4]

The University closed in 1945 when the Japanese forces withdrew.[1]

A number of influential aikido practitioners trained and taught at the University, including aikido's founder Morihei Ueshiba,[5] Kenji Tomiki, Shigenobu Okumura and Noriaki Inoue.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kevin Doak (2007). A History of Nationalism in Modern Japan: Placing the People. BRILL. p. 241. ISBN 978-90-04-15598-5. 
  2. ^ David H. Price (19 May 2008). Anthropological Intelligence: The Deployment and Neglect of American Anthropology in the Second World War. Duke University Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 978-0-8223-8912-5. 
  3. ^ Hiruma Kishida, Yuka. "The Experiences of Korean Students Enrolled at Kenkoku University in Japanese Occupied Manchuria". James F. Jakobsen Graduate Conference Abstracts, 2012. University of Iowa, Graduate College. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Tatsuhiko, Yoshizawa. "The Manchurian Incident, the League of Nations and the Origins of the Pacific War. What the Geneva archives reveal". Japan Focus. Asia-Pacific Journal. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Stevens, John (1999). Invincible Warrior: A Pictorial Biography of Morihe Ueshiba, the Founder of Aikido. Boston, London: Shambhala. p. 63. ISBN 9781570623943. 
  6. ^ Pranin, Stanley. "Interview with Shigenobu Tomura". Aiki Journal. Retrieved 5 December 2013.