Melissa Louise Belote (born October 16, 1956) is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in two events. She represented the United States at the 1972 Summer Olympics and 1976 Summer Olympics.
At 15 years old, she won three gold medals at the 1972 Olympic Games. In the 100-meter backstroke, Belote defeated her American teammate and record holder Susie Atwood. In the 200-meter backstroke, Belote set a new world record of 2:19.19.