Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1994

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Labour Party (UK) leadership election
United Kingdom
1992 ←
21 July 1994 (1994-07-21)
→ 2007

  Tony Blair.JPG John Prescott on his last day as Deputy Prime Minister, June 2007 cropped.jpg Margaret Beckett May 2007 cropped.jpg
Candidate Tony Blair John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Percentage 57.0 24.1 18.9

Leader before election

Margaret Beckett (pro tempore)

Elected Leader

Tony Blair

A leadership election was held on 21 July 1994 for the Labour Party in the United Kingdom, after the sudden death of incumbent leader John Smith. The 1994 election would ultimately decide not only Labour's new leader, but also the next Prime Minister. The election was the first held under the new leadership election rules that had been introduced in 1993, which included an element of One member, one vote. The poll for leader was held simultaneously with a deputy leadership vote.

Margaret Beckett had been the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, and following Smith's death was serving as acting leader; she was the only female Labour MP ever to stand for the leadership of the Party (and remained so until Diane Abbott announced her candidacy on 20 May 2010). Tony Blair was, at the time of his candidature, the Shadow Home Secretary. It has been widely speculated that Shadow Chancellor Gordon Brown did not stand due to a pact agreed with Blair at the Granita restaurant. In a telephone conversation with Blair, Roy Hattersley informed Blair that Gordon Brown would have to "wait in line" and that Blair should stand for the leadership. Robin Cook, the Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry stated that he would not run, as he did not believe he was attractive enough to the general electorate and that this would damage the party at the next election. John Prescott, who had stood in the 1992 deputy leadership election and lost to Beckett, stood again for both Leader and Deputy Leader.

The "electoral college" system that had been introduced meant that the votes of members of affiliated groups (mostly trades unions), the members of constituency parties, and Labour MPs were all weighted equally.

Result[edit]

Affiliated Constituencies PLP Total
Tony Blair 52.3 58.2 60.5 57.0
John Prescott 28.4 24.4 19.6 24.1
Margaret Beckett 19.3 17.4 19.9 18.9

Tony Blair won, and led the party to its first general election victory for 23 years at the 1997 election. Prescott won the deputy leadership poll, and went on to become Deputy Prime Minister during Blair's premiership. Beckett would also serve both in the Shadow Cabinet and then the Cabinet throughout Blair's term as leader.

The next leadership election to take place occurred when Blair resigned in 2007; this election was won by Gordon Brown, who ran uncontested.

==How Each MP Voted==[1]

MP Leader Vote Deputy Leader Vote
Diane Abbott Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Irene Adams John Prescott John Prescott
Nick Ainger Tony Blair John Prescott
Bob Ainsworth Tony Blair John Prescott
Graham Allen Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Donald Anderson Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Janet Anderson Tony Blair John Prescott
Hilary Armstrong Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Joe Ashton Tony Blair John Prescott
John Austin-Walker Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Tony Banks Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Harry Barnes Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Kevin Barron Tony Blair John Prescott
John Battle Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Hugh Bayley Tony Blair John Prescott
Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Stuart Bell Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Tony Benn John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Andrew Bennett John Prescott John Prescott
Joe Benton Tony Blair John Prescott
Gerry Bermingham Tony Blair John Prescott
Roger Berry John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Clive Betts Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Tony Blair Tony Blair None
David Blunkett Tony Blair John Prescott
Paul Boateng Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Roland Boyes Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Keith Bradley Tony Blair John Prescott
Jeremy Bray Tony Blair John Prescott
Gordon Brown Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Nick Brown Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Richard Burden Tony Blair John Prescott
Stephen Byers Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Richard Caborn John Prescott John Prescott
Jim Callaghan Tony Blair John Prescott
Anne Campbell Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Ronnie Campbell John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Dale Campbell-Savours Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Dennis Canavan Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Jamie Cann Tony Blair John Prescott
Malcolm Chisholm Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Judith Church Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Michael Clapham John Prescott Margaret Beckett
David Clark Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Eric Clarke John Prescott John Prescott
Tom Clarke Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
David Clelland Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Ann Clwyd Tony Blair John Prescott
Ann Coffey Tony Blair John Prescott
Harry Cohen Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Michael Connarty Tony Blair John Prescott
Robin Cook Tony Blair John Prescott
Frank Cook John Prescott John Prescott
Robin Corbett Tony Blair John Prescott
Jeremy Corbyn Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Jean Corston Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Jim Cousins Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Tom Cox Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
John Cummings Tony Blair John Prescott
Lawrence Cunliffe Tony Blair John Prescott
Jack Cunningham Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Jim Cunningham Tony Blair John Prescott
Tam Dalyell John Prescott John Prescott
Alistair Darling Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Ian Davidson John Prescott John Prescott
Bryan Davies Tony Blair John Prescott
Denzil Davies John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Ron Davies Tony Blair John Prescott
Terry Davis John Prescott John Prescott
John Denham Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Donald Dewar Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Don Dixon John Prescott John Prescott
Frank Dobson Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Brian Donohoe John Prescott John Prescott
Jim Dowd Tony Blair John Prescott
Jimmy Dunnachie Tony Blair John Prescott
Gwyneth Dunwoody John Prescott John Prescott
Angela Eagle Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Ken Eastham John Prescott John Prescott
Derek Enright Tony Blair John Prescott
Bill Etherington John Prescott John Prescott
John Evans Tony Blair John Prescott
Derek Fatchett Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Andrew Faulds Tony Blair John Prescott
Frank Field Tony Blair John Prescott
Mark Fisher Tony Blair John Prescott
Paul Flynn Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Derek Foster Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
George Foulkes Tony Blair John Prescott
John Fraser Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Maria Fyfe Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Sam Galbraith Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
George Galloway None None
Mike Gapes Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
John Garrett Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Bruce George Tony Blair John Prescott
Neil Gerrard Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
John Gilbert Tony Blair John Prescott
Norman Godman John Prescott John Prescott
Roger Godsiff None None
Llin Golding Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Mildred Gordon Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Tommy Graham John Prescott John Prescott
Bernie Grant Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Nigel Griffiths Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Win Griffiths Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Bruce Grocott Tony Blair John Prescott
John Gunnell Tony Blair John Prescott
Peter Hain Margaret Beckett John Prescott
Mike Hall John Prescott John Prescott
David Hanson Tony Blair John Prescott
Peter Hardy Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Harriet Harman Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Roy Hattersley Tony Blair John Prescott
Doug Henderson Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
John Heppell Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Keith Hill Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
David Hinchliffe John Prescott John Prescott
Margaret Hodge Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Kate Hoey Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Norman Hogg Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Jimmy Hood John Prescott John Prescott
Geoff Hoon Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
George Howarth Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Kim Howells Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Doug Hoyle John Prescott John Prescott
Bob Hughes John Prescott John Prescott
Kevin Hughes Tony Blair John Prescott
Roy Hughes Tony Blair John Prescott
John Hutton Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Eric Illsley John Prescott John Prescott
Adam Ingram Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Glenda Jackson Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Helen Jackson Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
David Jamieson Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Greville Janner Tony Blair John Prescott
Barry Jones Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Jon Owen Jones Tony Blair John Prescott
Lynne Jones Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Martyn Jones John Prescott John Prescott
Tessa Jowell Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Gerald Kaufman Tony Blair John Prescott
Alan Keen Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Jane Kennedy Tony Blair John Prescott
Piara Khabra Tony Blair John Prescott
Peter Kilfoyle Tony Blair John Prescott
Neil Kinnock Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Joan Lestor John Prescott John Prescott
Terry Lewis Margaret Beckett John Prescott
Helen Liddell Tony Blair John Prescott
Bob Litherland John Prescott John Prescott
Ken Livingstone Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Tony Lloyd John Prescott John Prescott
Geoffrey Lofthouse Tony Blair John Prescott
Eddie Loyden Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Calum MacDonald Tony Blair John Prescott
Andrew Mackinlay Margaret Beckett John Prescott
Max Madden Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Alice Mahon Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Peter Mandelson Tony Blair John Prescott
John Marek Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
David Marshall John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Jim Marshall Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Michael Martin Tony Blair John Prescott
Eric Martlew Tony Blair John Prescott
John Maxton Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
John McAllion John Prescott John Prescott
Tommy McAvoy Tony Blair John Prescott
Ian McCartney John Prescott John Prescott
John McFall Tony Blair John Prescott
Willie McKelvey John Prescott John Prescott
Henry McLeish Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Gordon McMaster John Prescott John Prescott
Kevin McNamara Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Denis MacShane Tony Blair John Prescott
John McWilliam Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Michael Meacher John Prescott John Prescott
Alan Meale John Prescott John Prescott
Alun Michael Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Bill Michie Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Alan Milburn Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Andrew Miller Tony Blair John Prescott
Austin Mitchell Tony Blair John Prescott
Lewis Moonie Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Rhodri Morgan Tony Blair John Prescott
Elliot Morley Tony Blair John Prescott
Alf Morris Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Estelle Morris Tony Blair John Prescott
John Morris Tony Blair John Prescott
Mo Mowlam Tony Blair John Prescott
George Mudie Tony Blair John Prescott
Chris Mullin Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Paul Murphy Tony Blair John Prescott
Mike O'Brien Tony Blair John Prescott
Bill O'Brien Tony Blair John Prescott
Eddie O'Hara Tony Blair John Prescott
Martin O'Neill Tony Blair John Prescott
Gordon Oakes Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Bill Olner Tony Blair John Prescott
Stan Orme Tony Blair John Prescott
Bob Parry John Prescott John Prescott
Terry Patchett John Prescott Spoilt
Tom Pendry Tony Blair John Prescott
Colin Pickthall John Prescott John Prescott
Peter Pike Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Greg Pope Tony Blair John Prescott
Ray Powell John Prescott John Prescott
Bridget Prentice Tony Blair John Prescott
Gordon Prentice Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
John Prescott John Prescott John Prescott
Dawn Primarolo Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Ken Purchase Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Joyce Quin Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Giles Radice Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Stuart Randall Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Nick Raynsford Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Martin Redmond John Prescott John Prescott
John Reid Tony Blair John Prescott
George Robertson Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
John Home Robertson Tony Blair John Prescott
Geoffrey Robinson Tony Blair John Prescott
Barbara Roche Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Allan Rogers Tony Blair John Prescott
Jeff Rooker Tony Blair John Prescott
Terry Rooney Margaret Beckett John Prescott
Ernie Ross Tony Blair John Prescott
Ted Rowlands Tony Blair John Prescott
Joan Ruddock Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Brian Sedgemore Margaret Beckett John Prescott
Barry Sheerman Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Robert Sheldon Tony Blair John Prescott
Peter Shore Tony Blair John Prescott
Clare Short Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Alan Simpson Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Dennis Skinner Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Andrew Smith Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Chris Smith Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Llew Smith John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Peter Snape John Prescott John Prescott
Clive Soley Tony Blair John Prescott
Nigel Spearing Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
John Spellar Tony Blair John Prescott
Rachel Squire Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Gerry Steinberg Tony Blair John Prescott
George Stevenson Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Roger Stott Tony Blair John Prescott
Gavin Strang Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Jack Straw Tony Blair None
Gerry Sutcliffe Tony Blair John Prescott
Ann Taylor Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Jack Thompson Tony Blair John Prescott
Stephen Timms Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Paddy Tipping Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Dennis Turner Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Keith Vaz Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Harold Walker Tony Blair John Prescott
Joan Walley John Prescott John Prescott
Gareth Wardell None None
Bob Wareing John Prescott John Prescott
Mike Watson Tony Blair John Prescott
Malcolm Wicks Tony Blair John Prescott
Alan J. Williams Tony Blair John Prescott
Alan W. Williams Tony Blair Margaret Beckett
Brian Wilson Tony Blair John Prescott
David Winnick John Prescott Margaret Beckett
Audrey Wise Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett
Tony Worthington Tony Blair John Prescott
Jimmy Wray John Prescott John Prescott
Tony Wright Tony Blair John Prescott
David Young John Prescott John Prescott

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Byron Criddle, Robert Waller & (1996). The Almanac of British Politics (5th ed.). London: Routledge. pp. xxx – xxxvi. ISBN 0-415-11805-0.