Bush–Blair 2003 Iraq memo
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The Bush–Blair 2003 Iraq memo or Manning memo was a secret memo of a two hour meeting between American President George W. Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair that took place on January 31, 2003 in the White House. It purportedly showed that the Bush administration had already decided on the US invasion of Iraq at that point. The memo was written by Blair's chief foreign adviser at the time, David Manning, who participated at the meeting.
It has become controversial for its content, which included discussing ways to provoke Saddam Hussein into a confrontation, with Bush floating the idea of painting a U-2 spyplane in UN colors and letting it fly low over Iraq to provoke Iraq to shoot it down, providing a pretext for America and Britain's subsequent invasion.
It also shows George Bush and Tony Blair making a secret deal to carry out said invasion regardless of whether weapons of mass destruction were discovered by UN weapons inspectors, in direct contradiction with statements Blair made to Parliament afterwards that Saddam would be given a final chance to disarm.
In the memo, Bush is paraphrased as saying:
|“||The start date for the military campaign was now pencilled in for 10 March. This was when the bombing would begin.||”|
Bush said to Blair that he "thought it unlikely that there would be internecine warfare between the different religious and ethnic groups" in Iraq after the war.
Five pages long and classified as extremely sensitive, the existence of the memo was first alleged by Philippe Sands in his book Lawless World. It was then obtained by American newspaper The New York Times, which confirmed its authenticity.
UK Liberal Democrat leader Sir Menzies Campbell said, on the memo: "If these allegations are accurate, the Prime Minister and President Bush were determined to go to war with or without a second UN resolution, and Britain was signed up to do so by the end of January 2003."
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- "Bush-Blair Iraq war memo revealed". BBC News Online. 2006-03-27.
- Van Natta Jr., Don (March 27, 2006). "Bush Was Set on Path to War, Memo by British Adviser Says". New York Times.
- The White House meeting that took us to war By Oliver King, Guardian Unlimited, February 2, 2006
- Blair-Bush deal before Iraq war revealed in secret memo by Richard Norton-Taylor, The Guardian, February 3, 2006
- Bush 'tried to lure Saddam into war using UN aircraft' by Rosemary Bennett and Michael Evans, The Times, February 3, 2006
- Fresh claims about the build-up to Iraq war by BBC World Service, February 3, 2006
- Bush Was Set on Path to War, Memo by British Adviser Says by Don Van Natta Jr., New York Times, March 27, 2006