Li Yuanchao

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Li Yuanchao
李源潮
L Yuanchao.png
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Incumbent
Assumed office
14 March 2013
President Xi Jinping
Preceded by Xi Jinping
Member of the 17th, 18th Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China
Incumbent
Assumed office
22 November 2007
General secretary Hu Jintao
Xi Jinping
Head of CPC Central Organization Department
In office
22 October 2007 – 19 November 2012
Deputy Shen Yueyue
Preceded by He Guoqiang
Succeeded by Zhao Leji
Personal details
Born November 1950 (age 64)
Lianshui County, Jiangsu
Political party Communist Party of China
Alma mater
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Li.
Li Yuanchao
Chinese 李源潮
Hanyu Pinyin Lǐ Yuáncháo
Birth name[citation needed]
Chinese 李援朝
Hanyu Pinyin Lǐ Yuáncháo

Li Yuanchao (born 20 November 1950 in Lianshui County, Jiangsu)[1][2] is the Vice President of the People's Republic of China. He is also a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China. He was head of its Organization Department between 2007 and 2012. From 2002 to 2007, Li served as the Communist Party of China Secretary of Jiangsu, the first-in-charge of an area of significant economic development in recent years. He is considered a figure of China's fifth generation of leadership.

Biography[edit]

Li was recommended to enter East China Normal University in 1972 to study mathematics, then he graduated with a bachelor's degree in mathematics from Fudan University, a master's degree (obtained through part-time study) in economic management from Peking University, and a doctoral degree (also on a part-time basis) in law from the Central Party School. He pursued mid-career training at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 2002.[3]

Li is a member of former CPC general secretary Hu Jintao's Tuanpai faction consisting of former cadres of the Communist Youth League. Li is said to favour political reform.[4]

Li served as the Communist Party Provincial Committee Secretary for Jiangsu between 2002 and 2007. He was also the party chief in Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu between 2001 and 2003. During his tenure in Jiangsu, Li assessed local officials in terms of performance measured by social and environmental factors, as opposed to purely economic ones.[5]

An ally of general secretary Hu Jintao, Li became the head of the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China after the 17th Party Congress in October 2007. After the 18th Party Congress, Li Yuanchao was no longer the head of the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China since 19 November 2012, the successor is Zhao Leji.

During the 2012 National Congress, Li was considered a contender for promotion to the Politburo Standing Committee but was blocked by former general secretary Jiang Zemin, in what was seen as a major defeat for Hu Jintao. He, however, continued to serve on 25-member Politburo, to which he was first selected in 2007.[4][6]

In March 2013, Li was chosen to be Vice President. His selection by Xi Jinping at the expense of Jiang Zemin loyalist Liu Yunshan is seen as a snub to Jiang and a signal of Xi's increasing clout.[6] Li was the most senior Chinese official to attend the state memorial of South African leader Nelson Mandela.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 李源潮年谱 [Chronology of Li Yuanchao]. ifeng.com (in Chinese). 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2014-07-05. 
  2. ^ "Li Yuanchao – resume". Xinhua (in Chinese). 
  3. ^ Personal and Professional Background
  4. ^ a b Cheng Li (10 February 2013). "Rule of the Princelings". Brookings Institution. 
  5. ^ "The centre and the provinces: An enduring dysfunctional relationship". Financial Times. 
  6. ^ a b Benjamin Kang Lim and John Ruwitch (11 March 2013). "China's Xi flexes muscle, chooses reformist VP: sources". Reuters. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Xi Jinping
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
2013—
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Chen Huanyou
Chairman of Jiangsu People's Congress
2003—2007
Succeeded by
Wang Shouting
Party political offices
Preceded by
He Guoqiang
Head of CPC Central Organization Department
2007—2012
Succeeded by
Zhao Leji
Preceded by
Hui Liangyu
CPC Jiangsu Committee Secretary
2002—2007
Succeeded by
Liang Baohua