Liberal Party of Andorra
|Liberal Party of Andorra|
|Founder||Marc Forné Molné|
|Headquarters||C/Babot Camp, 13
Andorra la Vella
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
|European affiliation||Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe|
|Politics of Andorra
The Liberal Party of Andorra (Catalan: Partit Liberal d'Andorra, PLA) is a liberal and conservative-liberal political party in Andorra. It is a member of the Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
The party was established as the Liberal Union in 1992 by Marc Forné Molné. In the 1993 elections it received 22% of the vote and won five seats, making it the second largest party in the General Council. Although the party was in opposition after Òscar Ribas Reig formed a progressive coalition government, Ribas was forced out of office after losing a vote of no confidence and Forné became Prime Minister on 7 December 1994.
After two votes of no confidence, Forné called early elections in 1997. In the run-up to the elections the Union formed alliances with several local parties, including the Liberal Union–Liberal Group of Encamp, the Liberal Opinion Group (GOL), Unity and Renewal (UiR) and the Lauredian Union (UL), with the local parties contesting only at the parish level. The Union won 16 seats of which GOL took four, UL two and the UiR two, with Forné remaining Prime Minister.
Shortly before the 2001 elections the party was renamed the Liberal Party of Andorra. It won 46.1% of the popular vote and 15 seats, with Forné again remaining Prime Minister. In the 2005 elections the party lost another seat, but was still able to form a government, this time led by Albert Pintat. Pintat resigned the leadership, which passed to Joan Gabriel, before the 2009 elections.
In the elections the party was part of the Reformist Coalition alongside the Lauredian Union, Century 21, and two other political parties. The Coalition won 11 seats, whilst the Social Democrats won 14 seats and gained control of the government.
In the run up to the 2011 parliamentary election, the Liberal Party and the other members of the Reformist Coalition gave support to the Democrats for Andorra (DA). The new party chose Antoni Martí as leader and won the election on 3 April 2011 a landslide with 20 of the General Council's 28 seats.
Half way through the first term in office of Democrats for Andorra, a group of party activists started to actively work in order to run again separately in the 2015 elections. They presented their new name Liberals of Andorra and they announced their intention to stand candidates in the next parliamentary election.
- Contributions to liberal theory
- Liberalism worldwide
- List of liberal parties
- Liberal democracy
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- Nohlen D & Stöver P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p164 ISBN978-3-8329-5609-7
- Nohlen & Stöver, p166
- Nohlen & Stöver, p162
- "El PLA comença les reunions per reactivar-se". Diari d'Andorra. December 18, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- "El PLA concorrerà en solitari a les generals del 2015". Diari d'Andorra. March 4, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012.