Lion-reclining (hieroglyph)

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E23
Lion
(as Sphinx)
in hieroglyphs
Game token, Old Kingdom; (other set pieces are "Dog-reclining": 3+3, 6 pieces).

The Ancient Egyptian Lion-reclining hieroglyph, or the "Sphinx hieroglyph" is Gardiner sign listed no. E23 for the sphinx, the "reclining lion".

The crouched lion hieroglyph is used in Egyptian hieroglyphs as a biliteral for rw-(ru); also an ideogram for 'lion'.[1] It is also a phonogram for rw, and later r.[2]

The lion-reclining hieroglyph is also used in the Egyptian language for the alphabetic consonant letter l, or r, a uniliteral,[3] depending on the timeperiod.

Preceded by
C1

God Ra
---
r'
E23

lion-reclining
"sphinx"
---
rw-(ru)-(bil.)
Succeeded by
T12

bowstring
(hieroglyph)
---
rwdj-(rudj)-(tril.)


The Egyptian hieroglyph alphabetic letters[edit]

The following two tables show the Egyptian uniliteral signs. (24 letters, but multiple use hieroglyphs)

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --
a i
(ee)
y
ii
'
ah, (aïn)
w, (u)
(oo)
B
P F M N R H1
H2 (Kh)1 (Kh)2 S Sh
(Sh)
K
emphatic
K G T Tj
Ch
Tsh
D Dj
(additionally 4
for vert/horiz)
-- -- -- -- --
Aa15

M
(horiz)
M2-Plinth
S3

N
(vert)
(see:
N (red crown))
S29

S
(vert)
S (folded)
cloth)
Egyptian-M.png
M
(3rd-M
-2nd-vert)
M3-Baker's tool
(vertical)
(additionally 3
for equivalents)
-- -- -- -- --
M17 M17 (2 reeds)

is—
Z4 (2 strokes)

y2-Two strokes
G43 (quail)

is—
Z7 (coil)

letter w, u
(see w2-Coil)
U33

T
(no. 2)
T2-Pestle

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schumann-Antelme, and Rossini, 1998. Illustrated Hieroglyphics Handbook, biliteral: B80, p. 232-233.
  2. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Reclining Lion, p. 98.
  3. ^ Schumann-Antelme, and Rossini, 1998. Illustrated Hieroglyphics Handbook, uniliteral: U15, p. 46-47.