|Cheese (Sheep milk, goat milk, quark or cottage)|
Liptauer is a spicy cheese spread made with sheep milk cheese, goat's milk cheese, quark cheese or cottage cheese. It is a part of the regional cuisine of Slovakia (as Šmirkás, a form of the German Schmierkäse for cheese spread), Hungary (as Liptói túró or Körözött ), Austria, Serbia (as Urnebes salata, "chaos salad"), Croatia, Albania [liptao] (especially in central Albania) and Italy (especially in the province of Trieste).
Liptauer cheese spread can be made of any soft cheeses. Cottage cheese, cream cheese, quark cheese, soft goat or sheep cheese are all suitable for this purpose. About one third of "traditional" Liptauer consists of bryndza, a sheep milk cheese. The cheese is mixed with local sour cream, butter, margarine or beer and finely chopped onions. Spices are added, like ground paprika, fresh parsley, usually whole caraway seeds (or ground caraway). Other recipes involve prepared mustard, Worcestershire sauce, capers or anchovy paste. Consumed on open sandwich, toast, crackers, bagels or as a filling in cold dishes like filled tomatoes, peppers, or hard boiled eggs.
In Austria, Liptauer is a typical snack served at the Heuriger (Austrian wine-drinking Tavern). In Slovakia and Hungary many families have their own recipe for their own interpretation of the dish. In Serbia, the dish is available in most restaurants that serve local cuisine. It is often made spicy with paprika, roasted red peppers and egg yolks.
- Gundel, Karoly (1992). Gundel's Hungarian cookbook. Budapest: Corvina. ISBN 963-13-3600-X. OCLC 32227400.
- "Körözött, Hungarian appetizer cheese spread". Cleveland Hungarian Heritage Museum. Retrieved 2012-01-08.
- Ward, Artemas (1911). "Cheese: Liptau". The Grocer's Encyclopedia. New York. p. 121. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- Ward, Artemas (1911). "Liptau Cheese". The Grocer's Encyclopedia. New York. p. 341. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- Vienna Heuriger