List of African-American Greek and fraternal organizations

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Beginning with the Prince Hall Freemasonry, there are many historically Black fraternal organizations. The organizations include members such as Congressman John Lewis, a member of Phi Beta Sigma, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., a member of Alpha Phi Alpha and Sigma Pi Phi;Bobby Rush, a member of Iota Phi Theta; Jesse Jackson, a member of Omega Psi Phi; and Wilt Chamberlain, a member of Kappa Alpha Psi. Some organizations, such as the Prince Hall Masons, Swing Phi Swing and Groove Phi Groove don't use Greek letters solely. The first and oldest successful African-American collegiate fraternity, Alpha Phi Alpha, was formally established as a fraternity at Cornell University in 1906, though it operated as a social study club in 1905. Precursors to Alpha Phi Alpha included Sigma Pi Phi (a non-collegiate fraternity), and unsuccessful attempts such as Gamma Phi Fraternity at Wilberforce University (first campus recognition documented in 1923; a 1923 yearbook entry reported operation as early as 1905), Alpha Kappa Nu at Indiana University (formation attempted in 1903, but involved too few registrants to assure continuing organization), and Pi Gamma Omicron at Ohio State University (formation originally reported in the Chicago Defender in 1905; but organization failed to receive school recognition). Through 1920, the eight organizations who made up the National Pan-Hellenic Council until 1996 would be formed. In 1996 Iota Phi Theta was invited into the National Pan-Hellenic Council, which then created the "Divine 9". Black fraternities and sororities were based on existing fraternities and sororities but cultural additions were made including calls, open hand signs, and step shows; though social in nature, many African-American fraternal organizations were formed with an emphasis on public service and civil rights.

Early formation (not existing today)[edit]

Name Year Formation Attempted Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered
Alpha Kappa Nu 1903 No Yes Yes
Pi Gamma Omicron 1905 No Yes Yes
Gamma Phi 1905 [1] No Yes Yes
Gamma Tau 1934 No Yes Yes


Name Founded Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered
Sigma Pi Phi 1904 Yes No Yes No
Alpha Phi Alpha 1906 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kappa Alpha Psi 1911 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Omega Psi Phi 1911 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Phi Beta Sigma 1914 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sigma Rhomeo 1936 Yes Yes Yes No
Wine Psi Phi 1959 Yes Yes Yes No
Iota Phi Theta 1963 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Phi Delta Psi 1977 Yes Yes Yes No
Delta Psi Chi Swordsmen 1985 Yes Yes Yes No
Beta Phi Pi Fraternity, Inc. 1986 Yes Yes Yes No
MALIK Fraternity, Inc. 1977 Yes Yes No No
Sigma Phi Rho 1979 Yes Yes Yes No
Lambda Chi Epsilon 1980 No No Yes No
Megisté Areté Christian Fraternity Inc. 1989 Yes Yes No No
Nu Gamma Psi 1994 Yes Yes Yes No
Phi Rho Eta 1994 Yes Yes Yes No
Gamma Psi Beta 2010 Yes Yes Yes No


Name Founded Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered NPHC
Alpha Kappa Alpha 1908 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Delta Sigma Theta 1913 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Zeta Phi Beta 1920 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sigma Gamma Rho 1922 Yes Yes Yes Yes
National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, Inc. 1923 Yes No Yes No
Iota Phi Lambda 1929 Yes Yes Yes No
Eta Phi Beta 1942 Yes Yes Yes No
Gamma Phi Delta 1943 Yes Yes Yes No
Zeta Delta Phi 1962 Yes Yes Yes No
Sigma Beta Phi 2007 Yes Yes Yes No
Omega Epsilon Rho Service Sorority 2009 Yes Yes Yes No


Name Founded Incorporated Collegiate Greek Lettered NPHC
Groove Phi Groove 1962 Yes Yes No No
Swing Phi Swing 1969 Yes Yes No No
Malika Kambe Umfazi 1995 Yes Yes No No

See also[edit]