List of cattle breeds

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The following is a list of breeds of cattle. Over 800 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, some of which adapted to the local climate, others which were bred by humans for specialized uses.

Breeds fall into two main types, regarded as either two closely related species, or two subspecies of one species. Bos indicus (or Bos taurus indicus) cattle, also called zebu, are adapted to hot climates. Bos taurus (or Bos taurus taurus) are the typical cattle of Europe, north-eastern Asia, and parts of Africa – they are referred to in this list as "taurine" cattle, and many are adapted to cooler climates. Taurus/indicus hybrids are widely bred in many warmer regions, combining characteristics of both the ancestral types (such as the Sanga cattle of Africa).

In some parts of the world further species of cattle are found (both as wild and domesticated animals), and some of these are related so closely to taurine and indicus cattle that interspecies hybrids have been bred. Examples include the Dwarf Lulu cattle of the mountains of Nepal with yak blood,[1] the Beefalo of North America with bison genes, the Selembu breed of India and Bhutan with gayal genes. The Madura breed of Indonesia may have banteng in its parentage.[2] In addition to these fertile hybrids, there are infertile crossings such as the male Dzo of Nepal, a cattle-yak crossing which is bred for agricultural work - like the mule they have to be continually bred from the parent species.

List of cattle breeds[edit]

Red Poll heifers
Murray Grey heifer
Breed Subspecies Country/region of origin Meat Dairy Draught Other
Abigar Taurus Dairy
Abondance (cattle) Taurus France Meat Dairy
Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu Indicus Ethiopia Draught
Aceh Indonesia
Achham Indicus Nepal Dairy
Adamawa (cattle) Taurus Nigeria Meat Dairy Draught
Adaptaur Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Afghan
Africangus Taurus/Indicus hybrid United States Meat
Afrikaner Taurus/Indicus hybrid South Africa Meat Dairy
Agerolese Taurus Italy Dairy
Akaushi Japan Meat one of the four Kobe breeds
Ala Tau Taurus Kazakhstan Meat Dairy
Alambadi India
Albanian (cattle) Taurus Albania Dairy Draught
Albanian Dwarf
Alberes Taurus Meat
Alderney Taurus Channel Islands Dairy
Alentejana
Alentejana Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Aleutian wild cattle United States Feral
Aliad Dinka
Alistana-Sanabresa
Allmogekor Taurus Sweden Meat Draught
Alur
American Taurus/Indicus hybrid United States Meat
American Angus
American Beef Friesian
American Brown Swiss
American Milking Devon Taurus United States Meat Dairy Draught
American White Park Taurus United States Meat Dairy
Amerifax Taurus United States Meat Dairy
Amrit Mahal Indicus India
Amsterdam Island cattle Taurus Amsterdam Island Feral
Anatolian Black Taurus Turkey and Bulgaria Dairy Draught
Andalusian Black Spain
Andalusian Blond Spain
Andalusian Grey Spain
Angeln cattle Taurus Germany Dairy
Angoni
Angus cattle Taurus Scotland Meat Dairy
Ankina
Ankole-Watusi Indicus East Africa Meat Dairy Draught Show
Aosta cattle Taurus Draught
Apulian Podolian
Aracena
Arado
Argentine Crillo
Argentine Criollo Taurus Argentina Meat Dairy
Argentine Friesian
Armorican (cattle) Taurus France Meat Dairy
Arouquesa Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Dairy
Arsi
Asturian Mountain Taurus Spain Meat Dairy
Asturian Valley Taurus Spain Meat Dairy
Aubrac cattle Taurus France Meat Dairy
Aulie-Ata Taurus Kazakhstan Dairy
Aulie-Atta Taurus Meat Dairy
Aure et Saint-Girons Taurus France Meat Dairy Draught
Australian Braford Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Australian Brangus Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Australian Charbray Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Australian Friesian Sahiwal Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Dairy
Australian Milking Zebu Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Dairy
Australian Shorthorn
Austrian Simmental
Austrian Yellow
Avetonou
Avileña Taurus Meat Draught
Avilena-Black Iberian
Aweil Dinka
Ayrshire Taurus Scotland Dairy
Azaouak cattle
Azebuado
Azerbaijan Zebu
Azores
Baherie cattle Indicus Eritrea Meat Dairy
Bakosi cattle Taurus Cameroon Meat Rituals
Balancer cattle Taurus Meat Dairy Gelbvieh/Angus crossbreed
Baoule Taurus Ivory Coast
Barrosã Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Barzona Taurus/Indicus hybrid United States Meat
Bazadais Taurus France Meat
Beef Freisian Taurus Meat Dairy
Beefalo Taurus/Bison hybrid United States Meat
Beefmaker Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Beefmaster Taurus/Indicus hybrid United States Meat
Belgian Blue Taurus Belgium Meat Dairy
Belgian Red Taurus Belgium Meat Dairy Draught
Belgian Red Pied Taurus Belgium Meat Dairy
Belgian White-and-red Taurus Belgium Meat Dairy
Belmont Red Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Belted Galloway Taurus Scotland Meat
Bernese
Berrenda cattle Taurus Meat Dairy Draught Sport
Betizu Taurus Spain/France Meat Draught
Bianca Val Padana Taurus Meat Dairy
Blaarkop Taurus Netherlands Dairy
Black Angus Taurus Scotland Meat Dairy
Black Baldy Taurus Meat
Black Hereford Taurus England Meat
Blanca Cacereña Taurus Meat Dairy Draught
Blanco Orejinegro BON Taurus Colombia Meat Dairy Draught
Blonde d'Aquitaine Taurus France Meat Dairy Draught
Blue Albion Taurus Great Britain Meat
Blue Grey Taurus Great Britain Meat
Bohus Polled
Bonsmara Taurus/Indicus hybrid South Africa Meat
Boran Indicus eastern Africa Meat
Boškarin Taurus Croatia, Slovenia Meat Dairy Draught
Braford Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Brahman (cattle) Indicus India Meat Dairy Draught
Brahmousin Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Draught
Brangus Taurus/Indicus hybrid United States Meat
Braunvieh Taurus Switzerland Meat Dairy
Brava
British White Taurus Great Britain Meat Dairy
British Friesian Taurus Great Britain Meat Dairy
Brown Carpathian Taurus Ukraine
Brown Swiss Taurus Switzerland Dairy
Bue Lingo Taurus United States Meat Dairy
Burlina Taurus Italy Dairy
Buša cattle Taurus former Yugoslavia (Dinaric Alps) Meat Dairy Draught
Butana Indicus Sudan Dairy
Cachena Cattle Taurus Portugal/Spain Meat Dairy Draught
Caldelana Taurus Meat Dairy Draught
Camargue Taurus France Meat Draught Sport
Campbell Island Cattle Taurus New Zealand Feral
Canadian Speckle Park Taurus Canada Meat
Canadienne Taurus Canada Meat Dairy
Canaria Taurus Meat Draught
Canchim Taurus/Indicus hybrid Brazil Meat
Caracu Taurus Brazil Meat Dairy Draught
Cárdena andaluza Taurus Meat Draught
Carinthian Blondvieh Taurus Austria Meat Dairy Draught
Carora Taurus Venezuelan Meat Dairy Draught
Chinese Central Plains Yellow Taurus/Indicus hybrid
Charbray Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Charolais Taurus France Meat Draught
Chateaubriand
Chiangus Taurus Meat
Chianina Taurus Italy Meat Draught
Chillingham Cattle Unknown England Feral
Chinese black pied Taurus China Dairy
Coloursided White Back Taurus Meat Dairy
Commercial
Corriente cattle Taurus Spain Meat Dairy Draught Sport
Corsican Cattle Taurus Corsica Meat Often free-ranging
Costeño con Cuernos Taurus/Indicus hybrid Colombia Meat Draught
Crioulo Lageano
Dajal (cattle) Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Danish Black-Pied
Danish Jersey Taurus Denmark Dairy
Danish Red Taurus Denmark Meat Dairy
Deep Red Cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Devon Taurus England Meat Dairy
Dexter Taurus Ireland Meat Dairy
Dhanni (cattle) Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Doayo cattle Taurus Cameroon
Doela
Dølafe Taurus Norway Meat Dairy
Droughtmaster Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Dulong' Taurus Meat Draught
Dutch Belted Taurus Netherlands Meat Dairy
Dutch Friesian Taurus Netherlands Meat Dairy
Dwarf Lulu Taurus/Indicus/Yak hybrid
East Anatolian Red Taurus Dairy
Eastern Finncattle Taurus Finland Meat Dairy
Eastern Red Polled
Enderby Island Cattle Unknown New Zealand Feral
English Longhorn Taurus England Meat Dairy
Ennstal Mountain Pied Cattle Taurus Austria Meat Draught
Estonian Holstein
Estonian Native
Estonian Red cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Évolène Cattle Taurus Switzerland Dairy
Finnish Ayrshire Finland
Finnish cattle Taurus Finland Meat Dairy
Finnish Holstein-Friesian
Fjäll Taurus Sweden Meat Dairy
Fleckvieh Taurus Austria Dairy Draught
Florida Cracker Taurus United States Meat
French Simmental Taurus France Meat Dairy
Fribourg black and white
Friesian Red and White Taurus Meat Dairy
Fulani Sudanese Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Galician Blond Taurus Spain Meat Dairy
Galloway cattle Taurus Scotland Meat Draught
Garvonesa Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Gascon cattle Taurus France Meat Draught
Gelbray Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Gelbvieh Taurus Germany Meat Dairy Draught
Georgian mountain cattle Taurus Georgia Meat Dairy Draught
German Angus Cattle Taurus Germany Meat
German Black Pied Cattle Taurus Germany Dairy
German Black Pied Dairy Taurus Germany Dairy
German Red Pied Taurus Germany Meat Dairy
Gir Indicus India Meat Dairy
Glan cattle Taurus Germany Meat Dairy Draught
Gloucester Taurus England Meat Dairy Draught
Gobra Indicus Meat Draught
Greek Shorthorn Taurus Greece Meat Dairy
Greek Steppe cattle Taurus Meat
Greyman Cattle Taurus/Indicus hybrid Australia Meat
Groningen Taurus Netherlands Dairy
Groningen White-Headed Taurus Netherlands Meat Dairy
Gudali Indicus Dairy Draught
Guernsey Taurus Channel Islands Dairy
Guzerat Indicus India Meat Draught
Halikar Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Hanwoo Taurus Korea Meat Draught Cow fighting
Hariana (cattle) Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Hartón del Valle Taurus Colombia Meat Dairy Draught
Harz Red mountain cattle Taurus Germany Meat Dairy Draught
Hays Converter Taurus Canada Meat
Heck Cattle Taurus Science
Hereford Taurus England Meat
Herens Taurus Switzerland Meat Cow fighting
Hhybridmaster Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Dairy
Highland Cattle Taurus Scotland Meat
Hinterwald Cattle Taurus Germany Meat Dairy
Holando-Argentino Taurus Argentina Meat Dairy
Red Holstein Taurus Dairy
Holstein Taurus Dairy
Horro Indicus Meat Draught
Hungarian Grey Taurus Hungary Meat Draught
Iberian cattle
Icelandic Taurus Iceland Dairy
Illawarra cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Improved Red and White Taurus Meat
Indo-Brazilian Indicus Meat
Irish Moiled Taurus Ireland Meat Dairy
Israeli Holstein Taurus Dairy
Israeli Red Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Dairy
Istoben cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Istrian cattle   see Boškarin
Jamaica Black Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Dairy
Jamaica Hope Taurus/Indicus hybrid Jamaica Dairy
Jamaica Red Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Jarmelista Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Jersey Taurus Channel Islands Dairy
Jutland cattle Taurus Denmark Meat Dairy
Kalmyk cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Kangayam Cow Indicus India Meat Draught
Kankrej Indicus Meat Draught
Karan Swiss Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Dairy
Kazakh Whiteheaded cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Kenana Indicus Sudan Dairy
Kerry cattle Taurus Ireland Meat Dairy
Kholomogory Taurus Russia Meat Dairy
Kostroma Cattle Taurus Meat Dairy
Krishna Valley cattle Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Kuri Taurus Meat Dairy Draught
Kurgan Taurus Meat Dairy
Lampurger
Latvian Blue
Latvian Brown Taurus Latvia Meat Dairy
Lebedyn (cattle) Taurus Ukraine
Levantina Taurus Meat Draught
Limia Cattle Taurus Spain Meat Dairy Draught
Limousin Taurus France Meat Draught
Limpurger Taurus Meat Dairy
Lincoln Red Taurus England Meat
Lineback Taurus Dairy
Lithuanian Black-and-White
Lithuanian Light Grey
Lithuanian Red Lithuania Meat
Lithuanian White-backed
Lohani cattle Indicus Meat Draught
Lourdais Taurus France Meat Dairy Draught
Australian Lowline Taurus Australia Meat
Luing Taurus Scotland Meat
Madagascar Zebu Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Madura cattle Banteng/Indicus hybrid Indonesia Meat Dairy Draught Racing
Maine Anjou Taurus France Meat Dairy Draught
Mandalong Special Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Mantequera Leonesa Taurus Meat Dairy Draught
Maramureş Brown Romania
Marchigiana Taurus Italy Meat Draught
Maremmana Taurus Italy Meat Dairy Draught
Marinhoa Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Dairy Draught
Marinhoa
Maronesa Taurus Portugal Meat Dairy Draught
Masai cattle Indicus Meat Draught
Mashona Taurus Meat Draught
Menorquina Taurus Meat Draught
Mertolenga Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Meuse-Rhine-Issel Taurus Netherlands Meat Dairy
Milking Shorthorn Taurus Great Britain Meat Dairy
Minhota Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Dairy Draught
Minhota
Miniature
Mirandesa cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Mocăniţă (cattle) Romania
Monchina (cattle) Taurus Spain Meat Draught
Mongolian cattle Taurus China Meat Draught
Montbeliard Cattle Taurus France Meat Dairy
Morucha Taurus Meat Draught Fighting
Murboden Cattle Taurus Austria Meat Dairy Draught
Murnau-Werdenfels Cattle Taurus Germany Dairy
Murray Grey Taurus Australia Meat
N'Dama Taurus Guinea Meat Dairy
Negra Andaluza Taurus Meat Draught
Nelore cattle Indicus Meat Draught
Nguni Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Dairy
Normande Cattle Taurus France Meat Dairy
Northern Finncattle Taurus Finland Meat Dairy
Northern Shorthorn Taurus Great Britain Dairy
Chinese Northern Yellow
Norwegian Red Taurus Norway Meat Dairy
Ongole Cattle Indicus India Meat Draught
Pajuna Taurus Spain Meat Draught
Palmera Taurus Meat Draught Sport
Pantaneiro cattle Brazil
Parda Alpina Taurus Meat Dairy
Parthenais Taurus France Meat Draught
Pasiega Taurus Spain Dairy
Pembroke cattle Taurus Wales Meat Dairy
Philippine Native cattle Taurus Dairy Draught
Pie Rouge des Plaines Taurus France Meat Dairy
Piedmontese Taurus Meat Dairy
Pineywoods Taurus Meat Dairy Draught
Pinzgauer Taurus Austria Meat Dairy
Pirenaica Taurus Meat Draught
Podolica Taurus Italy Meat Dairy Draught
Polish Black-and-White
Polish Red cattle Taurus Poland Meat Dairy Draught
Polled Hereford Taurus England Meat
Polled Shorthorn Taurus England Meat
Ponwar (cattle) Indicus Meat
Preta Cattle Taurus Portugal Meat Draught
Punganur Cow Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Pustertal Pied Cattle Taurus Meat
Qinchaun Taurus Meat Draught
Queensland Miniature Boran Taurus Meat Pets
Ramo Grande Taurus Portugal Meat Dairy Draught
Randall Taurus United States Meat Dairy Draught
Rath (cattle) Indicus India[3] Meat Dairy Draught
Rathi (cattle) Indicus Meat Dairy Draught
Rätische Grauvieh Taurus Meat Dairy Draught
Red Angus Taurus Scotland Meat Dairy
Red Brangus Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Red Fulani Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Red Poll Taurus England Meat Dairy
Red Polled Østland Taurus Meat Dairy
Red Sindhi Indicus Meat Dairy
Reina Taurus Meat Dairy
Retinta Taurus Meat Draught
Riggit Galloway Taurus Meat
Ringamåla Cattle Taurus Dairy
Rohjan Indicus Meat Draught
Romagnola cattle Taurus Italy Meat Draught
Romanian Bălţata Romania
Romanian Steppe Gray Romania
Romosinuano Taurus Colombia Meat
Russian Black Pied Taurus Russia Meat Dairy Draught
RX3 Taurus Meat
Sahiwal Taurus Meat Dairy
Salers Taurus Meat Draught
Salorn Taurus Meat
Sanga Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Sanhe Taurus/Mongolian hybrid Meat Dairy Draught
Santa Cruz cattle Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Santa Gertrudis cattle Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Sayaguesa Taurus Spain Meat Draught
Schwyz
Selembu Gaur/Indicus hybrid Meat Dairy
Senepol Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Sheko Ethiopia
Shetland cattle Taurus Scotland Meat Draught
Shorthorn Taurus England Meat Dairy
Siboney Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat Draught
Sided Trönder
Simbrah Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Simford Taurus Meat
Simmental Taurus Switzerland Meat Dairy Draught
South Devon Taurus England Meat Dairy
Batangas Taurus/Indicus hybrid Draught
Spanish Fighting Bull Taurus Spain Meat Sport
Speckle Park cattle Taurus Meat
Square Meater Taurus Meat
Sussex cattle Taurus England Meat
Swedish Friesian Taurus Dairy
Swedish Mountain
Swedish Red Cattle Taurus Dairy
Swedish Red Poll Taurus Meat Dairy
Swedish Red-and-White Taurus Meat Dairy
Symons Type Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Tabapuã (cattle) Indicus Brazil Meat Dairy Draught
Tarentaise Taurus France Meat Dairy
Tasmanian Grey Taurus Meat
Tauros Taurus grazing projects, rewilding
Telemark cattle Taurus Norway Meat Dairy
Texas Longhorn Taurus United States Meat Dairy
Texon Taurus Meat
Tharparkar Indicus India[4] Dairy Draught
Tswana cattle Taurus Botswana Meat Dairy
Tudanca Taurus Spain Meat Dairy Draught
Tuli Taurus Zimbabwe Meat Dairy
Tulim Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Turkish Grey Steppe cattle Taurus Meat Draught
Tux Cattle Taurus Dairy
Tyrolese Grey Cattle Taurus Austria Meat Dairy
Ushuaia Wild Cattle Feral
Ukrainian Grey cattle Taurus Ukraine
Vaca Toposa or Vaquilla Taurus Sport
Väne
Vaynol cattle Taurus Meat
Vechoor cow Indicus Dairy
Vestland Fjord Taurus Meat Dairy
Vianesa Indicus Meat Dairy
Volyn meat cattle Ukraine Meat
Vorderwald Cattle Taurus Germany Meat Dairy
Vosges Taurus Meat Dairy
Wagyū Taurus Japan Meat Draught
Wangus Taurus/Indicus hybrid Meat
Welsh Black Taurus Wales Meat
Western Finncattle Taurus Finland Meat Dairy
Western Fjord
Western Red Polled Taurus Meat Dairy
White Cáceres Taurus Meat Draught
White Fulani Indicus Meat
White Park Taurus Great Britain Meat Dairy
Whitebred Shorthorn Taurus Great Britain Meat
Xingjiang Brown Taurus/Mongolian hybrid Meat Dairy Draught
Yakutian cattle Taurus Russia Meat Dairy Draught
Yanbian cattle Taurus China Meat Draught
Yurino (cattle) Taurus Ukraine
Żubroń Taurus/wisent hybrid Science

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Takeda, K.; Satoh M.; Neopane S.P.; Kuwar B.S.; Joshi H.D.; Shrestha N.P.; Fujise H.; Tasai M.; Tagami T.; Hanada H. (April 2004). "Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Nepalese domestic dwarf cattle Lulu". Animal Science Journal 75 (2): 103–110(8). doi:10.1111/j.1740-0929.2004.00163.x. 
  2. ^ Lenstra, J.A.; D.G. Bradley (June 1999). Systematics and Phylogeny of Cattle. ISBN 978-0-85199-258-7. 
  3. ^ "Rath — India: Alwar and eastern Rajasthan" page 246 In Porter, Valerie (1991) Cattle: A Handbook to the Breeds of the World Helm, London, ISBN 0-8160-2640-8
  4. ^ Sharma, Amit Kumar et al. (2004). "Molecular Characterization of Rathi and Tharparkar Indigenous Cattle (Bos indicus) Breeds by RAPD-PCR". Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science 17 (9): 1204–1209. 

References[edit]