List of the Presidents of the United States Senate

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President of the United States Senate
Seal of the United States Senate.svg
Official seal
Joe Biden official portrait crop.jpg
Incumbent
Joe Biden

since January 20, 2009
Style The Honorable
(Diplomatic)
Mister President
(Within the Senate)
Inaugural holder John Langdon
April 6, 1789
Formation U.S. Constitution
March 4, 1789
Succession Second

The Vice President of the United States is designated by the Constitution as, ex officio, President of the United States Senate. However, during a vacancy in the office (such as that caused by death, resignation or presidential succession), the President pro tempore of the United States Senate serves as the permanent President of the Senate.[citation needed] Until the ratification of the 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution, there was no mechanism to replace a Vice President until the next presidential election.

List of Senate Presidents[edit]

This list includes Vice Presidents and Presidents pro tempore who served as a "Presiding Officer of the Senate" (not including senators who presided over sessions temporarily in the place of the sitting President).

President Term Elected position
Senate President pro tempore U.S. Vice President
John langdon.jpg John Langdon April 6, 1789 –
April 21, 1789
President pro tempore  
US Navy 031029-N-6236G-001 A painting of President John Adams (1735-1826), 2nd president of the United States, by Asher B. Durand (1767-1845)-crop.jpg John Adams April 21, 1789 –
March 4, 1797
  U.S. Vice President
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale 1805 cropped.jpg Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1797 –
March 4, 1801
  U.S. Vice President
Vanderlyn Burr.jpg Aaron Burr March 4, 1801 –
March 4, 1805
  U.S. Vice President
George Clinton by Ezra Ames (full portrait).jpg George Clinton March 4, 1805 –
April 20, 1812
  U.S. Vice President
WilliamHCrawford.png William H. Crawford April 20, 1812 –
March 4, 1813
President pro tempore  
Elbridge-gerry-painting.jpg Elbridge Gerry March 4, 1813 –
November 23, 1814
  U.S. Vice President
John Gaillard G000005.jpg John Gaillard November 25, 1814 –
March 4, 1817
President pro tempore  
DDTompkins.jpg Daniel Tompkins March 4, 1817 –
March 4, 1825
  U.S. Vice President
JCCalhoun-1822.jpg John C. Calhoun March 4, 1825 –
December 28, 1832
  U.S. Vice President
HLWhite.jpg Hugh Lawson White December 28, 1832 –
March 4, 1833
President pro tempore  
MVanBuren.png Martin Van Buren March 4, 1833 –
March 4, 1837
  U.S. Vice President
RichardMentorJohnson.png Richard Mentor Johnson March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1841
  U.S. Vice President
WHOportTyler.jpg John Tyler March 4, 1841 –
April 4, 1841
  U.S. Vice President
Samuel L. Southard SecNavy.jpg Samuel L. Southard April 4, 1841 –
May 31, 1842
President pro tempore  
Willie p magnum.jpg Willie P. Mangum May 31, 1842 –
March 4, 1845
President pro tempore  
George M Dallas.jpg George M. Dallas March 4, 1845 –
March 4, 1849
  U.S. Vice President
Fillmore.jpg Millard Fillmore March 4, 1849 –
July 9, 1850
  U.S. Vice President
Vacant July 9, 1850 –
July 11, 1850[1]
WilliamRufusKing.jpg William R. King July 11, 1850 –
December 20, 1852
President pro tempore  
David Rice Atchison by Mathew Brady March 1849.jpg David Rice Atchison December 20, 1852 –
March 4, 1853
President pro tempore  
William Rufus DeVane King 1839 portrait.jpg William R. King March 4, 1853 –
April 18, 1853
  U.S. Vice President
Atchison-bingham.jpg David Rice Atchison April 18, 1853 –
December 4, 1854
President pro tempore  
Lewis Cass, 14th United States Secretary of War.jpg Lewis Cass December 4, 1854 President pro tempore  
Jesse D Bright.jpg Jesse D. Bright December 5, 1854 –
June 9, 1856
President pro tempore  
Charles E Stuart.jpg Charles E. Stuart June 9, 1856 –
June 10, 1856
President pro tempore  
Jesse D Bright.jpg Jesse D. Bright June 11, 1856 –
January 6, 1857
President pro tempore  
JMMason.jpg James Murray Mason January 6, 1857 –
March 4, 1857
President pro tempore  
John C Breckinridge-04775-restored.jpg John C. Breckinridge March 4, 1857 –
March 4, 1861
  U.S. Vice President
Hannibal Hamlin, photo portrait seated, c1860-65-retouched-crop.jpg Hannibal Hamlin March 4, 1861 –
March 4, 1865
  U.S. Vice President
President Andrew Johnson.jpg Andrew Johnson March 4, 1865 –
April 15, 1865
  U.S. Vice President
Lafayette S. Foster - Brady-Handy.jpg Lafayette S. Foster April 15, 1865 –
March 2, 1867
President pro tempore  
Benjamin F Wade - Brady-Handy.jpg Benjamin Wade March 2, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
President pro tempore  
Schuyler Colfax portrait.jpg Schuyler Colfax March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1873
  U.S. Vice President
Henry Wilson, VP of the United States.jpg Henry Wilson March 4, 1873 –
November 22, 1875
  U.S. Vice President
TWFerry.jpg Thomas W. Ferry November 22, 1875 –
March 4, 1877
President pro tempore  
VicePresident-WmAlWheeler.jpg William A. Wheeler March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1881
  U.S. Vice President
20 Chester Arthur 3x4.jpg Chester A. Arthur March 4, 1881 –
September 19, 1881
  U.S. Vice President
Vacant September 19, 1881 –
October 10, 1881[2]
Thomas F. Bayard, Brady-Handy photo portrait, circa 1870-1880.jpg Thomas F. Bayard October 10, 1881 –
October 13, 1881
President pro tempore  
DDavis.jpg David Davis III October 13, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
President pro tempore  
George F. Edmunds - Brady-Handy.jpg George F. Edmunds December 3, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
President pro tempore  
Thomas Andrews Hendricks.jpg Thomas A. Hendricks March 4, 1885 –
November 25, 1885
  U.S. Vice President
Vacant November 25, 1885 –
December 7, 1885[3]
John-Sherman-2.jpg John Sherman December 7, 1885 –
February 26, 1887
President pro tempore  
John James Ingalls - Brady-Handy.jpg John James Ingalls February 26, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
President pro tempore  
Levi Morton - Brady-Handy portrait - standard crop.jpg Levi P. Morton March 4, 1889 –
March 4, 1893
  U.S. Vice President
Adlai Stevenson I by Saroney c1892-crop.jpg Adlai E. Stevenson I March 4, 1893 –
March 4, 1897
  U.S. Vice President
Garret Augustus Hobart.jpg Garret Hobart March 4, 1897 –
November 21, 1899
  U.S. Vice President
William P. Frye - Brady-Handy.jpg William P. Frye November 21, 1899 –
March 4, 1901
President pro tempore  
T Roosevelt.jpg Theodore Roosevelt March 4, 1901 –
September 14, 1901
  U.S. Vice President
William P. Frye - Brady-Handy.jpg William P. Frye September 14, 1901 –
March 4, 1905
President pro tempore  
Charles W Fairbanks by Harris & Ewing.jpg Charles W. Fairbanks March 4, 1905 –
March 4, 1909
  U.S. Vice President
James Schoolcraft Sherman.jpg James S. Sherman March 4, 1909 –
October 30, 1912
  U.S. Vice President
AugustusOctaviusBacon.jpg Augustus Octavius Bacon October 30, 1912 –
December 15, 1912
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Jacob Harold Gallinger.jpg Jacob Harold Gallinger December 16, 1912 –
January 4, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
AugustusOctaviusBacon.jpg Augustus Octavius Bacon January 5, 1913 –
January 18, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Jacob Harold Gallinger.jpg Jacob Harold Gallinger January 19, 1913 –
February 1, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
AugustusOctaviusBacon.jpg Augustus Octavius Bacon February 2, 1913 –
February 15, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Jacob Harold Gallinger.jpg Jacob Harold Gallinger February 16, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
President pro tempore
(rotating)
U.S. Vice President
Thomas Riley Marshall headshot.jpg Thomas R. Marshall March 4, 1913 –
March 4, 1921
  U.S. Vice President
Calvin Coolidge.jpg Calvin Coolidge March 4, 1921 –
August 2, 1923
  U.S. Vice President
Albert B Cummins.jpg Albert B. Cummins August 2, 1923 –
March 4, 1925
President pro tempore  
Chas G Dawes-H&E.jpg Charles G. Dawes March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1929
  U.S. Vice President
Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Charles Curtis March 4, 1929 –
March 4, 1933
  U.S. Vice President
John Nance Garner.jpg John Nance Garner March 4, 1933 –
January 20, 1941
  U.S. Vice President
Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend.jpeg Henry A. Wallace January 20, 1941 –
January 20, 1945
  U.S. Vice President
Harry S. Truman.jpg Harry S. Truman January 20, 1945 –
April 12, 1945
  U.S. Vice President
McKellarKenneth.jpg Kenneth McKellar April 12, 1945 –
January 4, 1947
President pro tempore  
Arthur H. Vandenberg.jpg Arthur H. Vandenberg January 4, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
President pro tempore  
McKellarKenneth.jpg Kenneth McKellar January 3, 1949 –
January 20, 1949
President pro tempore  
Alben Barkley, Vice-President.jpg Alben W. Barkley January 20, 1949 –
January 20, 1953
  U.S. Vice President
VP-Nixon.png Richard Nixon January 20, 1953 –
January 20, 1961
  U.S. Vice President
37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson January 20, 1961 –
November 22, 1963
  U.S. Vice President
Carl Hayden.jpg Carl Hayden November 22, 1963 –
January 20, 1965
President pro tempore  
H Humphrey.jpg Hubert Humphrey January 20, 1965 –
January 20, 1969
  U.S. Vice President
Spiro Agnew.jpg Spiro Agnew January 20, 1969 –
October 10, 1973
  U.S. Vice President
James O Eastland.jpg James Eastland October 10, 1973 –
December 6, 1973
President pro tempore  
Gerald Ford.jpg Gerald Ford December 6, 1973 –
August 9, 1974
  U.S. Vice President
James O Eastland.jpg James Eastland August 9, 1974 –
December 19, 1974
President pro tempore  
Nelson Rockefeller.jpg Nelson Rockefeller December 19, 1974 –
January 20, 1977
  U.S. Vice President
U.S Vice-President Walter Mondale.jpg Walter Mondale January 20, 1977 –
January 20, 1981
  U.S. Vice President
George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush January 20, 1981 –
July 13, 1985
  U.S. Vice President
Strom Thurmond.jpg Strom Thurmond July 13, 1985[4] President pro tempore  
George H. W. Bush - Presidential portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush July 13, 1985 –
January 20, 1989
  U.S. Vice President
Dan Quayle, official DoD photo.JPEG Dan Quayle January 20, 1989 –
January 20, 1993
  U.S. Vice President
Al Gore.jpg Al Gore January 20, 1993 –
January 20, 2001
  U.S. Vice President
Dick Cheney.jpg Dick Cheney January 20, 2001 –
June 29, 2002
  U.S. Vice President
Robert Byrd official portrait.jpg Robert Byrd June 29, 2002[5] President pro tempore  
46 Dick Cheney 3x4.jpg Dick Cheney June 29, 2002 –
July 21, 2007
  U.S. Vice President
Robert Byrd official portrait.jpg Robert Byrd July 21, 2007[6] President pro tempore  
Dick Cheney by Gage Skidmore.jpg Dick Cheney July 21, 2007 –
January 20, 2009
  U.S. Vice President
Biden 2013.jpg Joe Biden January 20, 2009 –
present
  U.S. Vice President

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ When President Zachary Taylor died July 9, 1850 there was no sitting president pro tempore of the Senate. There was a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate until William R. King was elected president pro tempore of the Senate July 11, 1850.
  2. ^ When President James A. Garfield died September 19, 1881 there was no sitting president pro tempore of the Senate. There was a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate until Thomas F. Bayard was elected president pro tempore of the Senate October 10, 1881.
  3. ^ When Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks died November 25, 1885 there was no sitting president pro tempore of the Senate. There was a vacancy in the presidency of the Senate until John Sherman was elected president pro tempore of the Senate December 7, 1885.
  4. ^ Thurmond was the presiding officer of the Senate from 11:28 a.m. until 7:22 p.m. while Vice President George H. W. Bush served as Acting President pursuant to President Ronald Reagan's invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to declare his temporary incapacity while undergoing surgery.
  5. ^ Byrd was the presiding officer of the Senate from 7:09 a.m. until 9:24 a.m. while Vice President Dick Cheney served as Acting President pursuant to President George W. Bush's invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to declare his temporary incapacity while undergoing a colonoscopy that required sedation.
  6. ^ Byrd was the presiding officer of the Senate from 7:16 a.m. until 9:21 a.m. while Vice President Dick Cheney served as Acting President pursuant to President George W. Bush's invocation of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution to declare his temporary incapacity while undergoing a colonoscopy that required sedation.

See also[edit]