M Stanley Whittingham
|Michael Stanley Whittingham|
|Alma mater||Oxford University|
M. Stanley Whittingham (born Michael Stanley Whittingham, 1941) is an American chemist. He is currently a professor of chemistry and director of both the Institute for Materials Research and the Materials Science and Engineering program at Binghamton University.
Education and career
Whittingham was educated at Stamford School in Lincolnshire from 1951-1960, before going to New College, Oxford to read Chemistry. At the University of Oxford, he took his BA (1964), MA (1967), and DPhil (1968).
After completing his graduate studies, Dr. Whittingham was a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University until 1972. He then worked for Exxon Research & Engineering Company from 1972 until 1984. He then spent four years working for Schlumberger prior to becoming a professor at Binghamton University.
For five years, he served as the University’s vice provost for research and outreach. He also served as Vice-Chair of the Research Foundation of the State University of New York for six years.
Dr. Whittingham is a key figure in the history of the development of Lithium-ion batteries discovering the concept of intercalation electrodes. Exxon commercialized the first rechargeable lithium-ion battery, which was based on a titanium disulfide cathode and a lithium-aluminum anode. He developed the hydrothermal synthesis technique for making cathode materials, which is now being used commercially for the manufacture of lithium iron phosphate by Phostech/Sud-Chimie in Montreal, Canada. He co-chaired DOE' study of Chemical Energy Storage in 2007, and is now Director of the Northeastern Center for Chemical Energy Storage, a DOE Energy Frontier Research Center.
He received the Young Author Award from The Electrochemical Society in 1971, the Battery Research Award in 2004, and was elected a Fellow in 2006 for his contributions to lithium battery science and technology.
- 5,514,490 Secondary lithium battery using a new layered anode material
- 4,339,424 Method of preparing W or Mo metal oxides
- 4,243,624 Method of making cathodes derived from ammonium-metal-chalcogen compounds
- 4,233,375 High energy density plural chalcogenide cathode-containing cell
- 4,201,839 Cell containing an alkali metal anode, a solid cathode, and a closoborane and/or closocarborane electrolyte
- 4,166,160 Cells having cathodes derived from ammonium-molybdenum-chalcogen compounds
- 4,144,384 Cells having cathodes with vanadium-chalcogen-containing compounds
- 4,143,213 Cells having cathodes containing chalcogenide compounds of the formula M.sub.a FeX.sub.b and species thereof exhibiting alkali metal incorporation
- 4,139,682 Cells having cathodes derived from ammonium-copper-molybdenum-chalcogen compounds
- 4,086,403 Alkali metal/niobium triselenide cell having a dioxolane-based electrolyte
- 4,084,046 Rechargeable electrochemical cell with cathode of stoichiometric titanium disulfide
- 4,049,887 Electrochemical cells with cathode-active materials of layered compounds
- 4,049,879 Intercalated transition metal phosphorus trisulfides
- 4,040,917 Preparation of intercalated chalcogenides
- 4,009,052 Chalcogenide battery
- 4,007,055 Preparation of stoichiometric titanium disulfide
- J. B. Goodenough and M. S. Whittingham (1977). Solid State Chemistry of Energy Conversion and Storage. American Chemical Society Symposium Series #163. ISBN 0-8412-0358-X.
- G. G. Libowitz and M. S. Whittingham (1979). Materials Science in Energy Technology. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-447550-7.
- M. S. Whittingham and A. J. Jacobson (1984). Intercalation Chemistry. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-747380-7.
- D. L. Nelson, M. S. Whittingham and T. F. George (1987). Chemistry of High Temperature Superconductors. American Chemical Society Symposium Series #352. ISBN 0-8412-1431-X.
- M. A. Alario-Franco, M. Greenblatt, G. Rohrer and M. S. Whittingham (2003). Solid-state chemistry of inorganic materials IV. Materials Research Society. ISBN 1-55899-692-3.
Most Cited Papers
Dr. Whittingham has published over 220 scientific papers. Following is a short list of some of his most cited papers. A more extensive list is available on his webpage.
- Chirayil T, Zavalij PY, Whittingham MS, Thomas; Zavalij, Peter Y.; Whittingham, M. Stanley (October 1998). "Hydrothermal synthesis of vanadium oxides". Chemistry of Materials 10 (10): 2629–2640. doi:10.1021/cm980242m.
- Zavalij PY, Whittingham MS, Peter Y.; Whittingham, M. Stanley (October 1999). "Structural chemistry of vanadium oxides with open frameworks". Acta Crystallographica Section B 55 (5): 627–663. doi:10.1107/S0108768199004000.
- Whittingham MS, M. Stanley (October 2004). "Lithium batteries and cathode materials" (PDF). Chemical Reviews (ACS) 104 (10): 4271–4301. doi:10.1021/cr020731c.
- Chen RJ, Zavalij P, Whittingham MS, Rongji; Zavalij, Peter; Whittingham, M. Stanley (June 1996). "Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of K chi MnO2 center dot gamma H2O". Chemistry of Materials (ACS) 8 (6): 1275–1280. doi:10.1021/cm950550.
- Janauer GG, Dobley A, Guo JD, Zavalij P, Whittingham MS, Gerald G.; Dobley, Arthur; Guo, Jingdong; Zavalij, Peter; Whittingham, M. Stanley (August 1996). "Novel tungsten, molybdenum, and vanadium oxides containing surfactant ions". Chemistry of Materials (ACS) 8 (8): 2096–2101. doi:10.1021/cm960111q.
- Yang SF, Song YN, Zavalij PY, Whittingham MS (March 2002). "Reactivity, stability and electrochemical behavior of lithium iron phosphates". Electrochemistry Communications 4 (3): 239–244. doi:10.1016/S1388-2481(01)00298-3.
- Yang SF, Zavalij PY, Whittingham MS, S; Zavalij, Peter Y.; Stanley Whittingham, M. (September 2001). "Hydrothermal synthesis of lithium iron phosphate cathodes". Electrochemistry Communications 3 (9): 505–508. doi:10.1016/S1388-2481(01)00200-4.
- Whittingham MS, Guo JD, Chen RJ, Chirayil T, Janauer G, Zavalij P, M (January 1995). "The hydrothermal synthesis of new oxide materials". Solid State Ionics 75: 257–268. doi:10.1016/0167-2738(94)00220-M.
- Petkov V, Zavalij PY, Lutta S, Whittingham MS, Parvanov V, Shastri S, V.; Zavalij, P.; Lutta, S.; Whittingham, M.; Parvanov, V.; Shastri, S. (February 2004). "Structure beyond Bragg: Study of V2O5 nanotubes". Physical Review B (APS) 69 (8): 085410. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.69.085410.
- Dr. Whittingham's webpage
- Binghamton University Chemistry Department
- Materials Science program at Binghamton University
- Biography at the History of Materials Research website