Cannabis strains

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A flowering cannabis plant

Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties of Cannabis, typically of C. sativa and C. indica. Varieties are developed to intensify specific characteristics of the plant, or to differentiate the strain for the purposes of marketing it more effectively as a drug. Variety names are typically chosen by their growers, and often reflect properties of the plant such as taste, color, smell, or the origin of the variety.[citation needed] Cannabis strains commonly refer to those varieties with recreational and medicinal use. These varieties have been cultivated to contain a high percentage of cannabinoids. Several varieties of Cannabis, known as hemp, have a very low cannabinoid content, and are instead grown for their fiber and seed.

Types of varieties[edit]

  • Clone-only variety – The grower may distribute genetically identical clones of the plant. A clone is the only way to propagate a plant while retaining its exact genetic makeup. Nevertheless, the conditions under which the plant is grown will still greatly affect the final product.
  • Stable seed variety – Creating a genetically stable variety involves selectively choosing male and female cannabis plants and breeding them over the course of multiple generations. The final generation's seeds reliably grow into plants that exhibit the desired characteristics, though some genetic variation will still occur.
  • Unstable seed varieties – Unstable varieties are produced without numerous generations of breeding. Although they can be produced quickly, plants grown from these seeds may have widely varying characteristics. Commercial seed retailers generally do not distribute unstable seed varieties, though some disreputable shops might. Amateur and third-party growers may, whether knowingly or not, produce unstable derivatives from well known varieties and misleadingly call them by their true variety name.
  • Wild varieties or landraces – Some varieties, such as Colombian and Thai, refer to Cannabis plants found growing wild in certain regions. Typically, these plants are used as bases for the production of more specialized varieties, such as G-13 or Hash.

Major variety types[edit]

Relative size of cannabis types

The two species of the Cannabis genus that are most commonly grown are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa.[1] A third species, Cannabis ruderalis is very short and produces only trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and thus is not commonly grown for industrial, recreational or medicinal use. However, because Cannabis ruderalis flowers independently of the photoperiod and according to age, it has been used to breed autoflowering strains.[2]

Pure sativas are relatively tall (reaching as high as 4.5 meters), with long internodes and branches, and large, narrow-bladed leaves. Pure indica varieties are shorter and bushier, have wider leaflets. They are often favored by indoor growers for their size. Sativas bloom later than indicas, often taking a month or two longer to mature. The subjective effects of sativas and indicas are said to differ, but the ratio of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) to cannabidiol (CBD) in most named drug varieties of both types is similar (averaging about 200:1). Unlike most commercially developed strains, indica landraces exhibit plants with varying THC/CBD ratios.[3] Avidekel, a medical marijuana strain developed in Israel, has a very low content of THC but a high content of CBD, limiting its recreational value but maximizing medical effect.[4]

Varieties[edit]

Ruderalis

Indica

Sativa

In addition to pure indica, sativa, and ruderalis varieties, hybrid varieties with varying ratios of these three types are common. For example, the White Widow hybrid containing about 60% indica and 40% sativa ancestry. These hybrid varieties exhibit traits from both parental types. There are also commercial crossbred hybrids which contain a mix of both ruderalis, indica and/or sativa genes, and are usually autoflowering varieties. "Lowryder" was an early an auto-flowering hybrid that retained the flowering behavior of ruderalis plants, while also producing appreciable amounts of THC and CBD. Autoflowering cannabis varieties have the advantage of being discreet due to their small stature. They also require shorter growing periods, as well as having the additional advantage that they do not rely on a change in the photoperiod to determine when to flower.[5]

Variety naming[edit]

In legal markets, such as in Amsterdam, competition puts pressure on breeders to create increasingly attractive varieties to maintain market share. Breeders give their strains distinct and memorable names in order to help differentiate them from their competitors' strains, although they may in fact be very similar.

Popular strains are incorporated into new hybrids, which often bear a similar name to their parent. This phenomenon has occurred with Haze and Sour varieties, amongst others.

Black-market cannabis dealers sometimes falsely advertise their products as being of a certain strain to capitalise on that strains success or reputation.

Breeding new varieties[edit]

Breeding requires pollinating a female cannabis plant with male pollen. Although this occurs spontaneously and ubiquitously in nature, the intentional creation of new varieties typically involves selective breeding in a controlled environment.

When cannabis is cultivated for its psychoactive or medicinal properties, male plants will often be separated from females. This prevents the fertilization of the female plants, either to facilitate sinsemilla flowering or to provide more control over which male is chosen. Pollen produced by the male is caught and stored until it is needed.

When a male plant of one strain pollinates a female of another strain, the seeds will be F1 hybrids of the male and female. These offspring will not be identical to their parents. Instead, they will have characteristics of both parents. Repeated breeding results in certain characteristics appearing with greater regularity.

A common technique to stabilize a cannabis variety is called "cubing".[citation needed] A breeder seeking specific traits in the hybrid offspring (for example, greater resin production or tighter node spacing) will breed hybrid plants most exemplifying these characteristics with a parent plant. The same traits are sought in the new inbred offspring, which are then again bred with the original parent plant. This process is called cubing because it usually repeated across three, or possibly more generations before the variety's genetics are acceptably stable.

Strains[edit]

(This list does not include all known strains)

Indica

  • A-10
  • Abusive OG
  • Ace of Spades
  • Afghan Big Bud
  • Afghan Hawaiian
  • Afghan Kush
  • Afghan Skunk
  • Afghan Sour Kush
  • Afghani
  • Afghani Bullrider
  • Afghani CBD
  • Afgoo
  • Alien Dawg
  • Alien Kush
  • Ancient OG
  • Anesthesia
  • Aurora Indica
  • Banana Candy
  • Beastmode 2.0
  • Berry White
  • Big Bang
  • Big Bud
  • Black Diamond
  • Black Domina
  • Black Label Kush
  • Black Russian
  • Blackberry Kush
  • Blackwater
  • Blue Blood
  • Blue Cheese
  • Blue God
  • Blue Knight
  • Blue Moonshine
  • Blueberry
  • Blueberry Kush
  • Blueberry Skunk
  • Brichard Delight
  • Bubba Kush
  • Bubba OG
  • Bubblegum Kush
  • Buddha's Sister
  • Cactus
  • Cadillac Purple
  • Cheese Quake
  • Chemo
  • Cherry Cola
  • Chocolate Skunk
  • Church OG
  • Confidential Cheese
  • Corleone Kush
  • Critical Kush
  • Critical Mass
  • Critical Sensi Star
  • Dank Schrader
  • Danky Doodle
  • Dark Star
  • Darth Vader OG
  • Death Bubba
  • Death Star
  • Death Star OG
  • Deep Purple
  • Diablo
  • Diamond OG
  • DJ Short Blueberry
  • Dream Berry
  • Dynamite
  • Early Girl
  • Edelweiss
  • Frosty
  • Fucking Incredible
  • G13
  • God's Gift
  • God Bud
  • Godberry
  • Godather OG
  • Goldberry
  • Goo
  • Granddaddy Purple
  • Grape Krush
  • Grape Skunk
  • Gravity
  • Green Dragon
  • Green Kush
  • Green Poison
  • Gumbo
  • Hash Plant
  • Hashberry
  • Herijuana
  • Hindu Kush
  • Hog
  • Hog's Breath
  • Hollands Hope
  • Ingrid
  • Jagermeister
  • Jedi Kush
  • Jupiter OG
  • K Train
  • King's Kush
  • King Louis XIII
  • Kosher Kush
  • Kryptonite
  • Kushberry
  • Lavender
  • LA Confidential
  • LA OG
  • Liquid Butter
  • M-39
  • Mango
  • Maple Leaf Indica
  • Mars OG
  • Master Bubba
  • Master Jedi
  • Master Kush
  • Mercury OG
  • MK Ultra
  • Monster Cookies
  • Mr. Nice
  • Neptune OG
  • Night Terror OG
  • Northern Lights
  • Northern Lights #5
  • Nuggetry OG
  • Obama Kush
  • Ogre
  • Opal OG Kush
  • Orange Kush
  • Paris OG
  • Pennywise
  • Phantom OG
  • Pitbull
  • Platinum Kush
  • Platinum OG
  • Platinum Purple Kush
  • Plushberry
  • Popcorn Kush
  • Pot of Gold
  • Power Kush
  • Pre-98 Bubba Kush
  • Presidential OG
  • Pure Afghan
  • Pure Kush
  • Pure OG
  • Purple Afghani
  • Purple Berry
  • Purple Buddha
  • Purple Candy
  • Purple Chemdawg
  • Purple Cream
  • Purple Dragon
  • Purple Elephant
  • Purple Goo
  • Purple Jolly Rancher
  • Purple Kush
  • Purple Monkey Balls
  • Purple Mr. Nice
  • Purple Nepal
  • Purple OG Kush
  • Purple Passion
  • Purple Urkle
  • Purple Wreck
  • Querkle
  • Rare Darkness
  • Raspberry Kush
  • Red Dwarf
  • Redwood Kush
  • Remedy
  • Rockstar
  • Rockstar Master Kush
  • Romulan
  • Sensi Star
  • SFV OG Kush
  • Shark Shock
  • Shishkaberry
  • Shiva Skunk
  • Silverback Gorilla
  • Skywalker
  • Snoop Dogg OG
  • Somango
  • Sour Bubble
  • Space Dawg
  • Star Killer
  • Stephen Hawking Kush
  • Sunshine Daydream
  • Super Kush
  • Super Skunk
  • Superman OG
  • Sweet Lafayette
  • Tangerine Kush
  • The Black
  • Tigers Milk
  • Tora Bora
  • Triangle Kush
  • True OG
  • U-41 (new & undisclosed)
  • UW
  • Vanilla Kush
  • Violator Kush
  • Watermelon
  • White Kush
  • White OG
  • White Rhino
  • Willy's Wonder
  • Wonder Woman OG
  • Woody Kush
  • XXX OG
  • Yoda OG
  • Yumboldt
  • Zombie OG

Sativa

  • Acapulco Gold
  • African
  • Alaskan Ice
  • Alaskan Thunder Fuck
  • Alice in Wonderland
  • Allen Wrench
  • Aloha
  • Alpha Blue
  • Amnesia
  • Amnesia Haze
  • Asian Fantasy
  • Bay 11
  • Bay Dream
  • Black Diesel
  • Blackberry Lime Haze
  • Blue Satellite
  • Brainstorm Haze
  • Candy Jack
  • Candyland
  • Cannalope Kush
  • Casey Jones
  • Cat Piss
  • Charlotte's Web
  • Chocolate Kush
  • Chocolate Thai
  • Chocolope
  • Cinex
  • Colombian Gold
  • Cracker Jack
  • Crystal Coma
  • Dirty Girl
  • Double Diesel
  • Dr. Grinspoon
  • Durban Poison
  • Dutch Dragon
  • Dutch Hawaiian
  • East Coast Sour Diesel
  • Emerald Jack
  • Euphoria
  • Fire Haze
  • Ghost Train Haze
  • Grapefruit
  • Great White Shark
  • Green Candy
  • Green Crack
  • Green Crack Extreme
  • Green Goblin
  • Green Haze
  • Harlequin
  • Hawaiian
  • Hawaiian Haze
  • Hawaiian Sativa
  • Hawaiian Snow
  • Haze
  • Hempstar
  • Island Sweet Skunk
  • J-27
  • Jack's Cleaner
  • Jack Herer
  • Jack Skellington
  • Jack the Ripper
  • Jamaican Pearl
  • Jesus OG
  • Johnny's Tonic
  • Kaboom
  • Kali Mist
  • Killing Fields
  • King's Bread
  • Lambs Bread
  • Laughing Buddha
  • Lemon G
  • Lemon Haze
  • Lemon Jack
  • Lemon Sativa
  • Lemon Thai
  • Love Potion #1
  • Mako Haze
  • Malawi
  • Malawi Gold (Chamba)
  • Mango Dream
  • Mango Haze
  • Matanuska Thunder Fuck
  • Maui
  • Maui Waui
  • Mexican Sativa
  • Moby Dick
  • Moonshine Haze
  • Neville's Haze
  • Outer Space
  • Panama Red
  • Pandora's Box
  • Pineapple Jack
  • Pineapple Thai
  • Power Plant
  • Purple Haze
  • Qleaner
  • Red Congolese
  • Root Beer Kush
  • Sage N Sour
  • Santa Maria
  • Schrom
  • Seattle Cough
  • Shaman
  • Shipwreck
  • Silver Haze
  • Sour Diesel
  • Sour Flower
  • Sour Haze
  • Sour Jack
  • Sour Tangie
  • Sour Willie
  • Space Jill
  • Strawberry
  • Strawberry Blue
  • Strawberry Cough
  • Super Green Crack
  • Super Jack
  • Super Lemon Haze
  • Super Silver Haze
  • Super Snow Dog
  • Super Sour Diesel
  • Swazi Gold
  • Sweet Cheese
  • Sweet Diesel
  • Tangie
  • Thai
  • Timewreck
  • Trinity
  • Triple Diesel
  • Tutankhamon
  • Ultimate Trainwreck
  • Venice OG
  • Very Berry Haze
  • Vortex
  • Willie Nelson
  • Willy Wonka
  • Y Griega

Hybrids

  • 100$ OG
  • 3 Kings
  • 303 OG
  • 30day cbd
  • 707 Headband
  • A-Train
  • Ace of spades
  • ACDC
  • Afwreck
  • Agent Orange
  • Ak-47
  • AK-48
  • Alien OG
  • Alien Rock Candy
  • Alohaberry
  • Ambrosia
  • Animal Cookies
  • Apollo 11
  • Apollo 13
  • Armageddon
  • Atomic Northern Lights
  • Banana Diesel
  • Banana Kush
  • Banana OG
  • BC Big Bud
  • BC Sweet Tooth
  • Beastmode OG
  • Berry OG
  • Big Buddha Cheese
  • Big Wreck
  • Bio-Diesel
  • Bio-Jesus
  • Black Cherry Soda
  • Black Dahlia
  • Black Ice
  • Black Jack
  • Black Mamba
  • Black Tuna
  • Black Velvet
  • Black Widow
  • Blackberry
  • Blockhead
  • Blue Bastard
  • Blue Champagne
  • Blue Cookies
  • Blue Crack
  • Blue Diamond
  • Blue Diesel
  • Blue Dragon
  • Blue Dream
  • Blue Goo
  • Blue Hawaiian
  • Blue Haze
  • Blue Ivy
  • Blue Lights
  • Blue Magoo
  • Blue Moon Rocks
  • Blue Mystic
  • Blue Nightmare
  • Blue OG
  • Blue Rhino
  • Blue Train
  • Blue Venom
  • Blue Widow
  • Blueberry Cheesecake
  • Blueberry Diesel
  • Blueberry Haze
  • Blueberry Headband
  • Blueberry Yum Yum
  • Boggle Gum
  • Bordello
  • Bruce Banner
  • Bruce Banner #3
  • Bubble Gum
  • Bubbleberry
  • Bubblegum
  • Burmese Kush
  • C4
  • Cali Kush
  • California Carnage
  • California Orange
  • Cannadential
  • Cannalope Kush
  • Cannatonic
  • Caramelicious
  • Cataract Kush
  • Champagne Kush
  • Charlie Sheen
  • Cheese
  • Cheesewreck
  • Chem Valley Kush
  • Chemdawg
  • Chemdawg 4
  • Chemdawg 91
  • Chernobyl

&Cherry AK-47

  • Cherry Bomb
  • Cherry Kush
  • Cherry Pie
  • Chiesel
  • Chronic
  • Cinderella's Dream
  • Cinderella 99
  • Citrus Kush
  • Connie Chung
  • Conspiracy Kush
  • Cookie Monster
  • Cookies and Cream
  • Cotton Candy Kush
  • Crimea Blue
  • Critical Bilbo
  • Critical Jack
  • Critical Plus
  • Dairy Queen
  • Deadhead OG
  • Dogwalker OG
  • Donna OG
  • Dopium
  • Double Dream
  • Dr. Who
  • Dragon's Breath
  • Dream Queen
  • Dutch Treat
  • Earth OG
  • Earwax
  • Ed Rosenthal Super Bud
  • El Niño
  • Epsilon Haze
  • Ewok
  • Exodus Cheese
  • Fire OG
  • Flo
  • Flowerbomb Kush
  • Fortune Cookies*Fruity Pebbles
  • Fromage
  • G13 Haze
  • Game Changer
  • Ghost OG
  • Girl Scout Cookies
  • Glass Slipper
  • Goji OG
  • Golden Coat
  • Golden Pineapple
  • Gorilla Glue #4
  • Grand Hustle
  • Grape Crush
  • Grape God
  • Grape Kush
  • Grapefruit Diesel
  • Grapefruit Haze
  • Grapefruit Kush
  • Green Dream
  • Green Hornet
  • Green Monster
  • Green Queen
  • Green Ribbon
  • Guava Kush
  • Gucci OG
  • Harle-Tsu
  • Hawaiian Fire
  • Hawaiian Punch
  • Head Cheese
  • Headband
  • Headbanger
  • Heavy Duty Fruity
  • Hells Angel OG
  • Himalayan Gold
  • Hippie Crippler
  • Hollywood OG
  • Holy Grail Kush
  • Hong Kong
  • Huckleberry
  • Humboldt
  • Ice
  • Ice Cream
  • Ice Queen
  • Irene Kush
  • J1
  • Jack Flash
  • Jack Frost
  • Jack Haze
  • Jack Kush
  • Jack Widow
  • Jah Kush
  • Jean Guy
  • Jet Fuel
  • Jillybean
  • Juicy Fruit
  • Julius Caesar
  • Kandy Kush
  • Key Lime Pie
  • Khalifa Kush
  • Killer Queen
  • King Kong
  • Kosher Tangie
  • Lambo OG
  • Larry OG
  • Lavender Jones
  • LA Woman
  • Lemon Diesel
  • Lemon Drop
  • Lemon Kush
  • Lemon OG Kush
  • Lemon Skunk
  • Lemon Wreck
  • Liberty Haze
  • Lifesaver
  • LSD
  • Lucid Dream
  • Lucky Charms
  • Mango Kush
  • Marionberry Kush
  • Martian Mean Green
  • Master Yoda
  • Medicine Man
  • Medusa
  • Mendocino Purps
  • Middlefork
  • Mob Boss
  • Montana Silvertip
  • Morning Star
  • Mother's Helper
  • Nebula
  • Newcastles Finest
  • Nic-O-Licious
  • Northern Skunk
  • Nova's Private Reserve
  • NYC Diesel
  • OG #18
  • OG Cheese
  • OG Diesel Kush
  • OG Kush
  • OG Poison
  • OG Shark
  • OG Wreck
  • OGiesel
  • Orange Bud
  • Orange Crush
  • Orange Diesel
  • Orange Dream
  • Orange Haze
  • Orange Velvet
  • Papaya
  • Permafrost
  • Phantom Cookies
  • Pineapple
  • Pineapple Chunk
  • Pineapple Diesel
  • Pineapple Dog Shit
  • Pineapple Express
  • Pineapple Kush
  • Pineapple Skunk
  • Pineapple Trainwreck
  • Pink Kush
  • Pink Panther
  • Platinum Girl Scout Cookies
  • Platinum Wreck
  • Pure Power Plant
  • Purple AK-47
  • Purple Alien OG
  • Purple Arrow
  • Purple Cheese
  • Purple Diesel
  • Purple Dream
  • Purple Gorilla
  • Purple Ice
  • Purple Princess
  • Purple Skunk
  • Purple Sour Diesel
    • Purple Trainwreck
  • Purple Voodoo
  • Qrazy Train
  • Rainbow
  • Raskal OG
  • Recon
  • Red Cherry Berry
  • Red Diesel
  • Red Dragon
  • Regicide
  • Ripped Bubba
  • Rocklock
  • Rockstar Kush
  • Romulan Grapefruit
  • Royal Kush
  • Rug Burn OG
  • Satori
  • SAGE
  • Scooby Snacks
  • SFV OG
  • Sharksbreath
  • Shiatsu Kush
  • Shoreline
  • Silver Bubble
  • Silver Pearl
  • Silver Surfer
  • Skunk #1
  • Skunk Haze
  • Skywalker OG
  • Snoop's Dream
  • Snow White
  • Snowcap
  • Sour Alien
  • Sour Apple
  • Sour Cheese
  • Sour Cream
  • Sour Dream
  • Sour Grape
  • Sour Grapes
  • Sour Kush
  • Sour Lemon OG
  • Sour OG
  • Sour Tsunami
  • Space Bomb
  • Space Queen
  • Stardawg
  • Strawberry Banana
  • Strawberry Diesel
  • Strawberry Dream
  • Strawberry Kush
  • Sugar Cookie
  • Sugar Punch
  • Sugar Rush
  • Sugar Shack
  • Sunset Sherbet
  • Super Blue Dream
  • Supernova
  • Sweet Kush
  • Sweet Tooth
  • Tahoe OG Kush
  • Tangerine
  • Tangerine Dream
  • Tangerine Haze
  • The Flav
  • The Truth
  • The Void
  • The White
  • Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies
  • THC Bomb
  • Trainwreck
  • Tutti Frutti
  • UK Cheese
  • Venom OG
  • Verde Electric
  • Warlock
  • White Berry
  • White Dawg
  • White Diesel
  • White Fire Alien OG
  • White Queen
  • White Russian
  • White Widow
  • White Zombie
  • Wonder Woman
  • Wonka's Bubbilicious
  • XJ-13

See also[edit]


[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Small, E. and A. Cronquist. 1976. A practical and natural taxonomy for Cannabis. Taxon 25(4): 405–435.
  2. ^ Greg Green (2001). The Cannabis Grow Bible (4th ed.). p. 47. 
  3. ^ Hillig, Karl W. and Paul G. Mahlberg. 2004. A chemotaxonomic analysis of cannabinoid variation in Cannabis (Cannabaceae). American Journal of Botany 91(6): 966-975. Retrieved on 22 February 2007
  4. ^ Halverson, Nic (July 6, 2012). "Marijuana That Doesn't Get You Stoned". Discovery Channel. Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ Auto-flowering Cannabis Strain: Best light schedule?
  6. ^ "Strain Information - Dankster".