Cannabis flower essential oil

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Cannabis plant

Cannabis flower essential oil, also known as hemp essential oil, is obtained by steam distillation from the flowers and upper leaves of the Cannabis plant. It should not be confused with hemp oil which is a vegetable oil that is expeller pressed from the seeds of low-THC varieties of hemp like Anka, Crag, Finola, and USO.

A pale yellow to light green liquid, cannabis flower essential oil is a volatile oil that is a mixture of volatile compounds, including monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and other terpenoid-like compounds. It is manufactured primarily in France and Switzerland from both low-THC and high-THC varieties of Cannabis while having little to no THC content at all.

This essential oil is used as a scent in perfumes, cosmetics, soaps, and candles. It is also used as a flavoring in foods, primarily candy and beverages.

Constituents[edit]

Some of the major constituents of female or hermaphrodite hemp Cannabis sativa L. flower essential oil include:[1]

Compound  % of total
Myrcen.svg
Myrcene
29.4–65.8
Alpha-pinen.svg
α-Pinene
2.3–31.0
Beta-pinen.png
β-Pinene
0.9–7.8
3-Caren.svg
delta-3-Carene
trace–3.5
Limonene-2D-skeletal.svg
Limonene
0.2–6.9
Beta-phellandren.png
β-phellandrene
0.2–0.6
Ocimene - cis.png
cis-Ocimene
trace–0.3
Ocimene.png
trans-Ocimene
0.3–10.2
Terpinolene.svg
α-Terpinolene
trace–23.8
α-Bergamotene trace–0.8
Beta-Caryophyllen.svg
trans-Caryophyllene
3.8–37.5
Humulene.png
α-Humulene
0.7–7.4
B-Farnesene.svg
β-Farnesene
trace–1.4
β-Selinene trace–0.5
Selina-3,7(11)-diene trace–0.7
Caryophyllene oxide trace–11.3
Total monoterpenes 47.9–92.1
Total sesquiterpenes 4.0–47.5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. strains". www.internationalhempassociation.org. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 

External links[edit]