Melbourne tram route 1
|East Coburg – South Melbourne Beach|
|System||Melbourne tramway network|
|Vehicle||Z3 class, B2 class|
Melbourne CBD (Swanston St)
|End||South Melbourne Beach|
|Length||13.2 km (8.2 mi)|
|Zone(s)||Zone 1 for the entire route|
|Annual patronage||7.8 million|
|Timetable||Route 1 timetable|
|Map||Route 1 map|
Tram route 1 is a public transport service in Melbourne, Australia. It runs from the terminus at Nicholson Street and Bell Street in East Coburg to the corner of Victoria Avenue and Beaconsfield Parade in Albert Park. myki is the ticketing system valid on route 1, which is entirely within zone 1.
The origins of route 1 lie in separate tram lines, a cable tram from Collins Street to South Melbourne Beach, a cable tram along Swanston Street and St Kilda Road, an electric line from Queensberry Street to East Coburg and a section of track between Clarendon Street and St Kilda Road.
A cable tram between Collins Street and South Melbourne Beach, travelling Market Street, Queens Bridge Street, City Road, Clarendon Street, Park Street, Montague Street, Bridport Street and Victoria Avenue was opened on 17 June 1890, by the Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company.
The Melbourne, Brunswick and Coburg Tramways Trust started building its tramway system in June 1914, on 31 October 1916 East Coburg was connected to Melbourne at Queensberry Street along Nicholson Street, Holmes Street, Lygon Street, Elgin Street and Madeline Street – as the section of Swanston Street north of Victoria Street was originally known.
The Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board constructed a track connecting Clarendon Street and St Kilda Road along Sturt Street, Eastern Road, Heather Street and Park Street, which opened on 31 October 1925.
The Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board converted the Swanston Street/St Kilda Road cable line to electric traction between 1924 and 1926, with electric trams able to run the entire length on 29 August 1926.
The Market Street cable lines were mainly converted – the Port Melbourne cable tram line, including the Hanna Street (now Kings Way) to Clarendon Street section of City Road was abandoned in favour of buses – to electric traction by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board, with the first service to South Melbourne Beach on 25 July 1937.
As part of the City Road and St Kilda Road separation project, the northern most section of track along Sturt Street was relocated to Nolan Street (now Southbank Boulevard) on 16 March 1970.
Route 1 runs from East Coburg, travelling south on Nicholson Street from Bell Street through Coburg to Brunswick East where Nicholson Street becomes Holmes Road. It continues south to Albion Street where it doglegs into Lygon Street, Brunswick East, continuing south through Carlton North and Carlton, turning west into Elgin Street and south into Swanston Street at Melbourne University.
It passes through the CBD on Swanston Street, passing Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne Central railway station, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne Town Hall, City Square, St Paul's Cathedral, Flinders Street railway station, Federation Square and Birrarung Marr.
Crossing the Yarra River into Southbank along St Kilda Road, it passes The Arts Centre and National Gallery of Victoria before turning west into Southbank Boulevard, quickly turning south onto Sturt Street, passing the Melbourne Recital Hall and Victorian College of the Arts. It briefly travels south on Eastern Road and Heather Street to Park Street, South Melbourne where it travels west to Montague Street Albert Park, and travels south, turning west into Bridport Street and continuing to its terminus in Victoria Avenue at Beaconsfield Parade.
Not all stops are shown, refer to timetable for full list of stops.
- "Route 1". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "Facts & figures". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Melbourne Tramway and Omnibus Company Limited", TMSV Running Journal Vol 9 No 3, page 16, retrieved 16 October 2011
- "The Melbourne, Brunswick and Coburg Tramways Trust", TMSV Running Journal, retrieved 25 September 2011
- "Milestones, 1921 – 1930", Yarra Trams, retrieved 26 September 2011
- "Milestones, 1931 – 1940", Yarra Trams, retrieved 26 September 2011
- "Milestones, 1961 – 1970", Yarra Trams, retrieved 26 September 2011
- "Brunswick Depot", VICSIG, retrieved 26 September 2011
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Melbourne tram route 1.|