Mercedes-Benz C-Class

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Mercedes-Benz C-Class
Mercedes-Benz C 200 Avantgarde (W 205) – Frontansicht, 26. April 2014, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Daimler AG
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz 190E

The Mercedes-Benz C-Class is a line of compact executive cars produced by Daimler AG. Introduced in 1993 as a replacement for the 190 (W201) range, the C-Class was the smallest model in the marque's lineup until the A-Class arrived in 1997. The C-Class is built at Mercedes-Benz factories in Sindelfingen and Bremen, Germany as well as numerous satellite factories in other countries. The first C-Class (W202) sedan was produced on 1 June 1993, and the first of the second generation (W203) rolled off the assembly line on 18 July 2000. The C-Class is available with 4Matic (i.e. four-wheel drive) since 2002. The third generation (W204) was launched in 2007. The latest generation C-Class (W205) came out in 2014.

Although originally sold as sedan and station wagon, the W203 series in 2000 debuted a fastback/hatchback coupe version that, when facelifted, became the Mercedes-Benz CLC-Class. The CLC-Class remained in production until 2011 when it was replaced by a new W204-based C-Class coupe for the 2012 model year.

W202 (1993–2000)[edit]

W202
1997-2000 Mercedes-Benz C 200 (W202) Classic sedan 01.jpg
Overview
Production May 1993–2000
Model years 1994–2000
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door wagon

In October 1986, 3 years into Mercedes-Benz W201 (190)'s production run, work began on a successor. Design work began in 1987, with the final design by Murat Gunak being selected in 1989 and the production design by Olivier Boulay frozen in January 1990, being later patented on 19 December 1990.[1][2][3][4] Rough prototypes went into testing in 1989, with first production design prototypes commencing testing in 1990. In May 1993, the first generation W202 C-Class was introduced as a replacement for the 190. The C-Class sedan was the company's entry-level model up until 1997, when Mercedes launched the A-Class. Styling themes were carried over from the previous W201 series, but the new series had a smoother and rounder design than the previous generation of compact Mercedes, with styling queues from the W124 E-Class (short, high trunk and taller tail lights), W140 S-Class (front end), and R129 SL-Class (headlights).

W203 (2000–2007) [edit]

W203
2004 Mercedes-Benz C 200 Kompressor (W203) Elegance sedan (2011-12-06).jpg
Pre-facelift Mercedes-Benz C 200 K sedan (Australia)
Overview
Production July 2000 – December 2006
Model years 2001–2007
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon

In 1994, development began on the next C-Class. Design work commenced in mid-1994, with the final design being approved in December 1995 by the executive board.[5] Design patents were filed on 20 April 1998 and 4 March 1999.[6][7] Testing began in 1997, with development concluding in 2000. The second generation C-Class was introduced in March 2000. The sedan debuted with a range of inline-four and V6 petrol engines and inline-four and -five diesels. Most of the engines were carried over from the W202, but the C 320 was exclusive, offering 160 kW (218 PS). The diesels now featured common rail direct fuel injection and variable geometry turbochargers. Six-speed manual gearboxes were now standard for the entire range, except the C 320. Notably, for the first time, the number designations were no longer equivalent to the engine displacement, more specifically in the C 200 (1.8-litre), C 240 (2.6-litre) and C 200 CDI (2.2-litre).

W204 (2007–2014)[edit]

W204
2010 Mercedes-Benz C 200 CGI (W204) Classic sedan 03.jpg
Overview
Production 2007–2014
Model years 2008–2014
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupe
Main article: Mercedes-Benz W204

DaimlerChrysler introduced the W204 C-Class on 18 January 2007[8] and displayed it in the 2007 Geneva Auto Show. Sales started on 31 March 2007 in almost all European countries. The new family had an extended wheelbase and tracks, a stiffer bodyshell and a design inspired by the W221 S-Class with some influences from the C219 CLS-Class.

In 2011 a facelift model was introduced with subtle changes made to the exterior and enhancing the interior to give it a more luxury feel and engine improvements to make these cars more efficient. The interior changes include a chrome trimmed steering wheel, fixed in car entertainment screen and a sportier look overall

W205 (2014–)[edit]

W205
Mercedes-Benz C 200 Serienausstattung (W 205) – Frontansicht, 26. April 2014, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Production February 4, 2014-present
Model years 2015-
Assembly Bremen, Germany
East London, South Africa
Beijing, China (Beijing Benz)
Tuscaloosa Alabama USA (MBUSI)
Pekan, Malaysia (DRB-HICOM)(Malaysia start in January 2015)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door coupe

The next generation C-class was released at the 2014 Detroit Auto Show. The new structure is significantly lighter using aluminum extensively throughout the body, resulting in a 220-pound weight decrease.[9] According to Mercedes-Benz, the structure will be much more rigid than other vehicles in its class.[10]

It includes Sport and Luxury trims with 241-hp 2.0-liter turbocharged I4 engine and 329-hp 3.0-liter bi-turbo V6 engine options. Mercedes all-wheel drive 4MATIC is standard across the initial offering. The car is about 3.7 inches (94 mm) longer and 1.7 inches (43 mm) wider than the W204.[11]

The car was officially unveiled on 16 December 2013. W205 production commenced on Tuesday, 4 February 2014 at the Bremen plant.[12] European sales began in March while N. American sales are scheduled to begin in September.

W205 Interior

Production and sales[edit]

On 10 December 2009, Daimler announced the production of the C-Class will be concentrated at the Bremen plant with additional production in the United States for the local market.[22]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Patent USD346570 - Automobile - Google Patents
  2. ^ http://register.dpma.de/DPMAregister/gsm/register?GSNR=M9008365-0001
  3. ^ Mercedes-Benz-Blog: Mercedes-Benz-Blog TRIVIA: Meeting point Mercedes - 25 years of the C-Class
  4. ^ europe.autonews.com/article/19970303/ANE/703030836/a-class-sets-new-record-for-mercedes
  5. ^ W203 C-Class Design Studies
  6. ^ Patent USD433653 – Exterior surface configuration of a motor vehicle – Google Patents
  7. ^ http://register.dpma.de/DPMAregister/gsm/register?GSNR=49902291-0001
  8. ^ http://www.daimlerchrysler.com/dccom/0-5-693758-1-693744-1-0-0-0-0-0-13-7163-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html
  9. ^ http://reviews.cnet.com/sedan/2015-mercedes-benz-c/4505-10865_7-35834131.html
  10. ^ "Mercedes-Benz shows 2014 C-Class interior cabin". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  11. ^ Cammisa, Jason (June 2014). "Mercedes-Benz C400 4Matic". Road & Track 65 (9): 56, 60. 
  12. ^ http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-7153-1-1670247-1-0-0-0-0-0-9293-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html
  13. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA Records Highest Sales in Its History". Thefreelibrary.com. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "2004 Highest Year on Record for Mercedes-Benz USA". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  15. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Rings in the New Year with Record 2006 Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA's Sales Drop 32.1 Percent In December 2008". Emercedesbenz.com. 5 January 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "Highest Sales Month for the Year at 21,469 Brings Mercedes-Benz to an 18 Percent Increase for 2010". Prnewswire.com. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage - 2010 News - A Record-Breaking Year: Mercedes-Benz Concludes 2009 with Unprecedented Sales". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. 11 January 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "Successful Year for Mercedes-Benz: Sales Up 15 Percent Worldwide in 2010". Daimler. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  20. ^ "Mercedes-Benz China Homepage - 2011 News - 115% Growth - Mercedes-Benz Remains China's Fastest Growing Premium brand in 2010". Mercedes-benz.com.cn. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  21. ^ Mercedes-Benz USA Hits Its Highest-Ever U.S. Volume With Sales Of 305,072 - MONTVALE, N.J., Jan. 3, 2013 /PRNewswire/
  22. ^ Decision on production of next-generation C-Class will improve competitiveness

Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

  • Barrett, Frank (1998). Illustrated Buyer's Guide Mercedes-Benz. Motorbooks International Illustrated Buyer's Guide series (2nd ed.). Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760304513. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Gold Portfolio 1983-1999. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207455. 
  • Clarke, R.M., ed. (2007). Mercedes AMG Ultimate Portfolio 2000-2006. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 9781855207486. 
  • Engelen, Günter (2002). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 3 Seit 1986 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 3 Since 1986]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613021692.  (German)
  • Engelen, Günter (2003). Mercedes-Benz Personenwagen Band 4 Seit 1996 [Mercedes-Benz Passenger Cars Volume 4 Since 1996]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613023482.  (German)
  • Hofner, Heribert; Schrader, Halwart (2005). Mercedes-Benz Automobile Band 2: von 1964 bis heute [Mercedes-Benz Automobiles Volume 2: from 1964 to today]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel. ISBN 3898804194.  (German)
  • Kittler, Eberhard (2002). Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Band 2. Personenwagen seit 1976 [Typenkompass Mercedes-Benz Volume 2. Passenger Cars since 1976]. Typenkompass series. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613022095.  (German)
  • Krämer, Michael (2007). Die neue C-Klasse von Mercedes-Benz: Entwicklung und Technik [The New C-Class from Mercedes-Benz: Development and Technology]. ATZ/MTZ-Typenbuch series (in German). Wiesbaden, Germany: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag. ISBN 9783834803207. 
  • Niemann, Harry (2006). Personenwagen von Mercedes-Benz: Automobillegenden und Geschichten seit 1886 [Passenger Cars from Mercedes-Benz: Automobile Legends and Stories since 1886]. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613025965.  (German)
  • Pitt, Colin, ed. (2008). Mercedes-Benz C-Class and C63 AMG W202 W203 W204 1993 2008. Hockley, Essex, UK: CP Press. ISBN 9781841556741. 
  • Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut; von Osterroth, Jochen (2013). Mercedes (revised ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Ullmann Publishing. ISBN 9783848002672. 
  • Taylor, James (2009). Mercedes-Benz: Cars of the 1990s. Crowood AutoClassic Series. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press. pp. 8–27, 73–90. ISBN 9781847970961. 
  • Vieweg, Christof; Weyer, Peter (1997). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-C-Klasse: eine Publikation der DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz C-Class: a publication of DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service] (in German). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service. ISBN 3980445771. 
  • Vieweg, Christof (2000). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-C-Klasse: Modellreihe W 203: eine Publikation der DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz C-Class: Model Series W 203: a publication of DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service] (in German). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service. ISBN 3932786114. 
  • Vieweg, Christof (2001). Alles über die Mercedes-Benz-C-Klasse: Limousine, T-Modell und Sportcoupé: eine Publikation der DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service [Everything about the Mercedes-Benz C-Class: Sedan, Wagon and Sport Coupé: a publication of DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service] (in German). Stuttgart: DaimlerChrysler-AG, Global Service. ISBN 3932786157. 
  • Vieweg, Christof (2007). C-Klasse: Vom Baby-Benz zum Bestseller - 25 Jahre Mercedes-Benz C-Klasse [C-Class: from Baby-Benz to Bestseller - 25 years of the Mercedes-Benz C-Class] (in German). Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768819695. 
  • Mercedes C-Klasse: Technik, Fahrtberichte, Tests, Vergleichstests (Limousine, Kombi, Sportcoupé, Cabrio, Coupé: alle Modelle seit 2000) [Mercedes C-Class: Technology, Drive Reports, Tests, Comparison Tests (Sedan, Wagon, Sport Coupé, Cabriolet, Coupé: all models since 2000).]. Auto, Motor und Sport spezial series (in German). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. 2003. ISBN 3613023032. 

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • Ahlstrand, Alan (2008). Chilton Mercedes C-class 2001-07 Repair Manual. Chilton Total Car Care Series. Somerset, UK: Haynes. ISBN 9781563927379. 
  • Ahlstrand, Alan; Haynes, John H. (2008). Mercedes-Benz C-Class 2001 thru 2007. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Newbury Park, CA, USA: Haynes. ISBN 9781563927355. 
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (1997). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 202 Diesel von 6/93 bis 5/00. So wird's gemacht, Band 89 (in German) (2nd ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 376880819X. 
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (2007). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 203 von 6/00 bis 3/07. So wird's gemacht, Band 126 (in German) (4th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768814225. 
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (2009). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 204 ab 3/07. So wird's gemacht, Band 146 (in German) (1st ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768825870. 
  • Etzold, Hans-Rüdiger (2011). Mercedes C-Klasse: Typ W 202 von 6/93 bis 5/00. So wird's gemacht, Band 88 (in German) (10th ed.). Bielefield, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768808187. 
  • Korp, Dieter (1995). Mercedes-Benz: C 200/220/250 Diesel ab Juni 1993. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 173 (in German) (1st ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613016192. 
  • Korp, Dieter (2003). Mercedes-Benz: C 180/200/220/280 Benziner ab Juni 1993. Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 167 (in German) (4th ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613016125. 
  • Korp, Dieter (2006). Mercedes-Benz: C-Klasse (W203). Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series, Band 245 (in German) (4th ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3613024659. 
  • Korp, Dieter (2013). Mercedes-Benz: C-Klasse (W204). Jetzt helfe ich mir selbst series (in German) (1st ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3613035690. 
  • Gill, Peter T. (2009). Mercedes-Benz C-Class 4- & 5-cyl Sept 2000 to May 2007 Petrol & Diesel Owners Workshop Manual. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes. ISBN 9781844257805. 
  • Legg, A.K.; Jex, R.M. (2003). Mercedes-Benz C180 C200 C220 C230 & C250 1993 to August 2000 Service and Repair Manual. Haynes Service and Repair Manual Series. Sparkford, UK: Haynes. ISBN 1859605117. 
  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz C-Class Series 202 - 1993 to 1999 C180, C200, C220, C230, C240, C280. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780927. 
  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz C-Class Series 202 - 1993 to 1999 C200D, C220D, C250D, C250TD, C200 CDI, C220 CDI. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780676. 
  • Mercedes-Benz C-Class (W202) Service Manual: C220, C230, C230 Kompressor, C280 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2011. ISBN 9780837616926. 
  • Mercedes C-Klasse ab April 1993. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1189. (in German). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 1995. ISBN 371681895X. 
  • Mercedes C-Klasse ab 2000. Reparaturanleitung series, Band 1283. (in German). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2006. ISBN 371682075X. 
  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 2005. ISBN 9780837610337. 

External links[edit]

Press Kit:

Press Kit (2011–):