Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W210)
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (July 2008)|
|Mercedes-Benz W210 (Daimler AG)|
|Production||July 17, 1995–March 2003|
|Designer||Steve Mattin, Bruno Sacco   (1991, 1993)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size luxury car / Executive car|
|Body style||4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
|Wheelbase||111.5 in (2,832 mm)|
|Length||189.7 in (4,818 mm)|
|Width||70.8 in (1,798 mm)|
|Height||55.8 in (1,417 mm)|
The Mercedes-Benz W210 is a Mid-size luxury car which was produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz from 1995 through 2002 (production of the wagon variant (codenamed S210) carried over to the 2003 model year). They were sold under the E-Class model names in both sedan (saloon) and station wagon body types. In 1988, W210 development started three years after the W124's introduction. The W210 E-class appearance, which was designed by Steve Mattin under design chief Bruno Sacco between 1989 and 1991, heralded a brand new design idiom for the Mercedes 'face', which would continue until the W209 CLK. W210 design work was frozen in May 1992 and developed for a show vehicle by late 1992. Resultantly, this design cue was previewed on the 1993 Coupé Concept shown at the Geneva Auto Show in March 1993. This idiom was the mainstream fashion used by Mercedes-Benz for a long period, and later appeared on other models such as the CLK (W208, W209, C208, C209, A208, A209), C-class (W203, CL203, S203), CL (C215), and the SL (R230).Design patents for both the Coupé Concept and the W210 E-Class were filed on 25 February 1993 in Germany and August 25, 1993 in the US.
On July 21, 1998, design patents were filed on an updated W210 (designed in 1997). As a result, for the 2000 model year, a new multi-function information system was incorporated into the instrument cluster below the speedometer, and the introduction of steering wheel controls for the audio/navigation/phone system. In addition, the 5-speed automatic transmission introduced "Touch Shift," which used the +/- gate positions for semi-manual control of the gearbox. This electronic system replaced the previous gated shift arrangement and simplified gear changes. Exterior changes included a revised front with a steeper rake, similar to the CLK, and restyled bumpers and lower body trim. The final W210 production included the E320 and E430 special editions released in two exterior colors - quartz silver (limited edition), obsidian black, and with Xenon lights, 17-inch alloy wheels and black maple walnut trim.
- 1 Engines
- 2 Transmissions
- 3 Wheels
- 4 AMG versions
- 5 Specifications (European and US versions)
- 6 4MATIC all-wheel drive option
- 7 Reliability concerns.
- 8 Model lineage
- 9 References
- 10 External links
This was the first time a V6 engine was offered (model year 1998) to replace the straight-six configuration (1996–1997). This new Mercedes-Benz M112 engine produced 221 hp (164 kW) and 229 ft·lbf (310 N·m) of torque and offered a 0-60 mph (98 km/h) of 6.9 seconds. Other offerings were the E420 (1997), E430 (1998–2002), and E55 AMG (1999–2002) with 354 hp (264 kW) and a 5.4 L normally aspirated engine. In North America, the range also features two diesels, including both non-turbocharged (1996–1997) and turbocharged (1998–1999) 3.0 litre straight-six units. In 2000, Mercedes-Benz discontinued diesel powerplants in the E-class in North America. In Europe, the diesel engines were superseded by more advanced Common Rail (CDI) units (2000–2002). The CDI engines were not offered in North America until the E320 CDI in the newer W211 model.
Gasoline Engines for North American Market.
- E 320 (I6 M104, 3199 cc 3.2L, 162 kW/220 PS/217 hp) 1996-1997
- E 320 (V-6 M112, 3199 cc 3.2 L, 164 kW/224 PS/221 hp) 1997-2002
- E 420/400 (V-8 M119, 4196 cc 4.2 L, 205 kW/290 PS/286 hp) 1997
- E 430 (V-8 M113, 4266 cc 4.3 L, 205 kW/279 PS/275 hp) 1998-2002
- E 55 AMG (V-8 M113, 5439 cc 5.4 L, 260 kW/354 PS/349 hp) 1998-2002
Diesel for North American Market.
- E 300 Diesel (I-6, 2996 cc 3.0L, 100 kW/136 PS/134 hp) 1996-1997
- E 300 Turbodiesel (I-6, 2996 cc 3.0L, 130 kW/177 PS/175 hp) 1998-1999
|Engine||Cyl.||Power||Torque||Engine code||0–100 km/h
|2.0 16V||I4||152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp)||190 N·m (140 lb·ft)||M111.942||9.4 - 10.4|
|2.0 16V||I4||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)||190 N·m (140 lb·ft)||M111.943||10 - 11|
|2.0 16V K||I4||163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp)||230 N·m (170 lb·ft)||M111.957||9.7 - 10.2|
|2.3 16V||I4||150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)||220 N·m (162 lb·ft)||M111.970||10.4 - 10.9|
|2.3 16V K||I4||197 PS (145 kW; 194 hp)||280 N·m (207 lb·ft)||M111.974||7.1 - 8.0|
|2.6 18V||V6||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)||225 N·m (166 lb·ft)||M112.911||9.6 - 10.2|
|2.8 24V||I6||193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp)||270 N·m (199 lb·ft)||M104.942||8.6 - 8.9|
|3.2 24V||I6||220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp)||315 N·m (232 lb·ft)||M104.995||7.8|
|3.2 18V||V6||224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp)||315 N·m (232 lb·ft)||M112.941||7.7|
|4.2 32V||V8||290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp)||400 N·m (295 lb·ft)||M119.985||6.7|
|4.3 24V||V8||279 PS (205 kW; 275 hp)||400 N·m (295 lb·ft)||M113.940||6.2|
|3.6 24V AMG||I6||280 PS (206 kW; 276 hp)||385 N·m (284 lb·ft)||M104.xxx||6.0|
|5.0 32V AMG||V8||347 PS (255 kW; 342 hp)||480 N·m (354 lb·ft)||M119.985||5.7|
|5.4 24V AMG||V8||354 PS (260 kW; 349 hp)||530 N·m (391 lb·ft)||M113.980||5.4|
|6.0 32V AMG||V8||381 PS (280 kW; 376 hp)||570 N·m (420 lb·ft)||M119.985||4.9|
|6.2 32V AMG||V8||405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)||616 N·m (454 lb·ft)||M119.985||4.7|
|2.0 16V D||I4||88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp)||135 N·m (100 lb·ft)||OM604.917||13.2|
|2.2 16V D||I4||95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp)||150 N·m (111 lb·ft)||OM604.912||13.0|
|2.2 16V CDI||I4||102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp)||235 N·m (173 lb·ft)||OM611||12.7|
|2.2 16V CDI||I4||116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp)||250 N·m (184 lb·ft)||OM611||12.5|
|2.2 16V CDI||I4||125 PS (92 kW; 123 hp)||300 N·m (221 lb·ft)||OM611||10.8|
|2.2 16V CDI||I4||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)||315 N·m (232 lb·ft)||OM611||10.5|
|2.2 16V CDI||I4||143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp)||315 N·m (232 lb·ft)||OM611||10.4 - 9.9|
|2.5 20V D||I5||113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp)||170 N·m (125 lb·ft)||OM605.912||10.9|
|2.5 20V TD||I5||150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)||280 N·m (207 lb·ft)||OM605.962||9.5|
|2.7 20V CDI||I5||170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)||370 N·m (273 lb·ft)||OM612||9.0 - 7.7|
|2.7 20V CDI||I5||163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp)||370 N·m (273 lb·ft)||OM612||9.0 - 8.0|
|2.9 10V TD||I5||129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp)||300 N·m (221 lb·ft)||OM602.982||10.0|
|3.0 24V D||I6||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)||210 N·m (155 lb·ft)||OM606.912||10.0|
|3.0 24V TD||I6||177 PS (130 kW; 175 hp)||330 N·m (243 lb·ft)||OM606.962||8.4 - 7.6|
|3.2 24V CDI||I6||197 PS (145 kW; 194 hp)||470 N·m (347 lb·ft)||OM613||8.3 - 6.9|
The early W210 E-Class carried over the 4-speed 4G-TRONIC automatic from the previous W124 generation E-Class. In 1997, Mercedes installed in the E-class its electronically controlled model "722.6" five-speed automatic transmission that first saw duty in 1996 in the V8-powered W140 S-class models. The 722.6 transmission is now used in a number of Daimler-Chrysler (Now Daimler only.) vehicles. The 5-speed transmission was marketed as "sealed for life"; however, Mercedes dealers now recommend changing the fluid at regular intervals. A five-speed manual is also available, although after the facelift in 2000, it was replaced by a six-speed manual.
The W210 chassis originally came with one of the following OEM wheel setups:
- E300/E320: 16 x 7.5" ET41
- E420: 16 x 7.5" ET41
- E430: 16 x 7.5" ET41 (before 2000); 17 x 7.5" ET41 (after 2000)
- Sport Package: 17 x 8" ET37
- Special Edition: 17 x 8" ET35
- E55: 18 x 8” ET31 front, 18 x 9" ET35 rear.
ET is the German abbreviation for Einpresstiefe or offset, where the number is in mm and indicates the amount of offset. This ETxx is stamped on the inside of OEM rims for easy reference.
The bolt pattern is 5x112 (12 mm x 1.5 lugs), with an offset range of 30-40 mm, a wheel size range of 16"x6.0" to 20"x8.5". This is the same bolt pattern as most Mercedes, including the previous E-Class (W124). The newer Mercedes, including the 2003 to the present E-Class (W211), have 14 mm lugs, making the wheels interchangeable only with the use of aftermarket lugs.
There were four engines that AMG installed in the W210. The first was the E36, M104.995, launched in 1996 then the M119.985 in the Euro Spec E50 AMG produced only in 1997. There was also an option for the M119.985 V8 that was bored out to 6.0L and increased power to 381 PS (280 kW) the cars these were fitted to were designated as the E60 and came in sedan and wagon varieties. A limited edition 6.3L version, also badged E60 AMG were built in 1996 generating 405 PS (298 kW) and 454 ft·lbf (616 N·m) of torque. In 1998 came the M113 powered E55 which used a 5.4L V8 SOHC 24V to produce 354 PS (260 kW) and 391 ft·lbf (530 N·m) of torque.
The body styling on all of the W210 AMG models was the same until 2000 when a facelift and interior upgrades were implemented. The W210 E55 was the last vehicle for which a major portion of production took place at AMG in Affalterbach. Production was actually split between Affalterbach and the Bremen Mercedes Benz facility until the end of 2001.
Specifications (European and US versions)
The rarest of all AMG models due to low productions numbers worldwide. The European-spec E36 was produced from 1990 - 1993 W124 and 1996 - 1997 w210 and was not available on the US market. In Australia, they cost upwards of $185,000 (new) and there were only 49 units sold, making them a very rare and sought-after car amongst enthusiasts.
Production Figures: <400 (production models).
- 0-100 6,7 s (AMG figure)
- Top speed: 250 km/h (Electronically limited)
The E36 look identical to the E55 (pre-facelift).
The European-spec E50 was only produced for the 1997 model year. The E50 was not available on the US market.
Production Figures: ~2,870 (production models).
- Chassis 210.072
- Motor M 119.985
- Transmission 722.60x
- 90° V8, high-pressure die-cast alloy block, alloy heads
- Displacement 5.0 L (6.0)
- Bore 3.72 in (94 mm)
- Stroke 3.51 in (89 mm)
- Compression ratio: 11.2:1 (same)
- Output 342 hp (347 PS) at 5550 rpm
- Torque 355 ft·lbf (481 N·m) at 3200 - 4400 rpm
- Valve Gear double roller chain-driven DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder.
- Redline 6000 rpm Distributor-less computer controlled ignition. Electronic Fuel Injection (Bosch LH Jetronic)
(Same engine used in the S500/C, SL500, with tuned exhaust and cylinder head)
- 5 and 6 speed (optional) auto 722.609 (same as C43, E55, SL/S600/c)
- Final drive ratio 2.82
- 1st gear 3.59
- 2nd gear 2.19
- 3rd gear 1.41
- 4th gear 1.00
- 5th gear 0.83
- Reverse gear R1 3.16
- Reverse gear R2 1.90 (Winter Mode)
- General Consensus[who?] 0-60 mph / 0-100kmh ~6 SECs
- 0-100 6,2 s (AMG figure)
- 0-100 5,8 s (Auto Motor und Sport 9/96)
- Top speed: 270 km/h (Drag limited)
The 1998 and 1999 E55 are identical to the E50 (pre-facelift).
2001 E55 AMG
The 2001 model year E55 was a rare version of the W210 E55 AMG, of which only 659 units were produced in 2001. It has a 5.5-liter V8 that produces 355 hp and 391 ft-lb of torque. Various road tests revealed ranges of 0–60 mph times in 4.8-5.3 seconds and quarter-mile times in 13.3–13.5 seconds at around 105–107 mph.
Common items were AMG exclusive "Condor" leather, black birdseye maple interior wood trim, AMG monoblock staggered 18-inch wheels and tires, AMG sport suspension, AMG brakes, AMG/Avantegarde front and rear body aprons with "dynamic" side skirts, AMG body shell modification, HID xenon headlights, Avantgarde fog lamps, heated multicontour AMG sport seats with power and memory, multifunction computer, automatic climate control system, Bose premium sound system, power tilt and telescoping leather-covered AMG multifunction sport steering wheel, power glass sunroof, power rear sun shade, and blue glass. Most of these items were standard in North America.
1999 E55 AMG
The W210 E55 was produced for 5 years 1998 through 2002 with a facelift in 2000. Production Figures. ~12000 accounted for (production Models). 3000 per year. 500 per year imported to North America.
- Chassis: 210.074
- Motor: M 113.980
- Transmission: 722.622
- 90 degree V-8, high-pressure die-cast alloy block, alloy heads
- Displacement 5.5 L
- Bore 3.82 in (97 mm)
- Stroke 3.62 in (92 mm)
- Compression ratio 10.5:1
- Output 349 hp (354 PS) at 5550 rpm
- Torque 391 ft·lbf (530 N·m) at 3150 - 4500 rpm
- Valve Gear chain-driven SOHC, 3 valves per cylinder.
- Redline 6,000 rpm
- 5 speed auto 722.6 (same as W202 C55, E55, SL/S600/c)
- Final drive ratio 2.82
- 1st gear 3.59
- 2nd gear 2.19
- 3rd gear 1.41
- 4th gear 1.00
- 5th gear 0.83
- Reverse gear R1 3.16
- Reverse gear R2 1.90 (Winter Mode)
- General Consensus 0-62 mph - 0–100 km/h 5.4 s
- 0-100: 5,4 s AMG figure (1999)
- Station Wagon (T-modell): 5,7 s
- 0-100: 5,3 s (Auto Motor und Sport 7/98)
- Top speed: 250 km/h (155.5 mph) Electronically limited.
E50, E60 and E55 AMG - common technical specifications
- Front Independent double wishbone with coil springs, gas-pressurized shock absorbers and stabilizer bar.
- Rear 5-arm multilink with coil springs, gas-pressurized shock absorbers and stabilizer bar.
Brakes Hydraulic dual-circuit braking system with vacuum servo unit, disk brakes, internally ventilated, two piece front "floating" rotors and 4-piston front calipers.
- Type Rack-and-pinion with speed-sensitive power assist and integrated hydraulic damper.
- turns lock-to-lock 3.20
- turning circle curb-to-curb 37.2 ft (11.3 m)
Wheels and tires (tyres)
- Wheel Size(front) 8.0J x 18 in
- Wheel Size(rear) 9.0J x 18 in
- Wheel Type Aluminum Alloy AMG II Monoblock
- Tires 245/40ZR18 front, 275/35ZR18 rear
Dimensions and weight
- Wheelbase 111.5 in/2,833 mm
- Front track 61.4 in/1,560 mm
- Rear Track 60.8 in/1,543 mm
- Length 189.4 in/4,810 mm
- Width 70.8 in/1,799 mm
- Height 56.9 in/1,445 mm
- Curb Weight 3,768 lb/1,715 kg
- Coefficient of drag: 0.29 Cd
- Power-to-weight ratio: 0.09
Options available Power adjustable front seats, power tilt & telescoping leather-covered AMG sport steering wheel, leather upholstery, leather shift knob, 5 speed automatic transmission, Brake Assist System (BAS), Electronic Stability System (ESP), automatic climate control with charcoal filter, heated front seats, heated rear seats, front and side airbags, power windows, metallic paint, xenon HID headlamps. Most of the options were standard in North America.
E55 after 2000 supplemental information
- Front: Independent double wishbone with coil springs, gas-pressurized shock absorbers and stabilizer bar.
- Rear: Independent 5-arm multilink with coil springs, gas-pressurized shock absorbers and stabilizer bar. Separate AMG-Bilstein gas-pressurized shock absorbers and progressive-rate coil springs. Larger, solid stabilizer bars.
4MATIC all-wheel drive option
In 1998, Mercedes-Benz reintroduced the 4Matic all-wheel drive system in the US on the W210, although it was previously available in some European territories. Although this 4Matic system shares its name with the 90's 4MATIC system of the W124 300E, the system was totally redesigned and simplified. Rather than using the clutches and couplings of the earlier design, Mercedes opted to use three open differentials: front, center, and rear. The front suspension design of the 4Matic-equipped models is different to the rear wheel drive models and makes some replacement parts (such as shock absorbers) more expensive.
The customers can request the E55 AMG with 4Matic option. Less than 15 units have been built to order, making it one of the rarest Mercedes-Benz vehicles.
Some known problems include the front spring perch has corroded and tearing away from the inner fender (wing), causing the front suspension to collapse. (4Matic models are not believed to be affected.) Other problems include defective harmonic balancer pulleys (recall), rust on trunk lid near latch, rust on Mercedes emblem on front hood, rust on door frames under window seals (recall), rust on front wings just above bumper, defective mass airflow meter, melted rear light bulb sockets, defective blower motor regulators, and rear window regulator failures.
Harmonic Balancer - Some M112 and M113 engines used in W210 models were equipped with a harmonic balancer pulley which, due to a supplier quality problem, may fail and cause engine damage. If the rubber insert of the harmonic balancer pulley delaminates, the pulley may grind through the timing chain cover and oil pan, causing several thousand dollars of damage. Mercedes-Benz USA issued Service Campaign #2005-020003 which included inspection of the part and replacement if necessary at no cost. The part number on the harmonic balancer pulley can be compared to those given to Mercedes-Benz dealers in the Service Campaign notice to determine if the part is a faulty original or has been replaced with the updated part. Replacement of the faulty part with the updated part should be a permanent solution to this problem.
Blower Motor Regulator - If this part fails, the climate control fan will not operate faster than approximately 50% power. Mercedes updated the regulator to improve its reliability, but the redesigned regulator requires the installation of a new blower motor—about $1,000 in parts. The old-style regulator, which is compatible with the existing blower motor, is no longer manufactured. The blower motor regulator may be replaced with the much less expensive W140 S-class blower regulator, provided that the E-class wiring harness is re-attached to the S-class regulator.
Front Sway Bar Drop Links - While not a serious concern, most E-classes end up with a sub 35 mph (56 km/h) clicking or rattling sound from the front end. This is usually due to worn out front-end sway-bar drop links. These can easily be replaced by anybody with minor knowledge of vehicle DIY, for no more than around £20.
Front Spring Perches - Some owners have reported rust problems on the front spring perches - the top perches, which hold the tops of the springs for the front suspension. The perches are spot welded to the chassis, and factory coated in a weatherproof mastic to stop their rusting, however in some rare occurrences, water gets behind the mastic causing the perches to rust and eventually to fail - leading to collapse of the suspension. The car remains controllable. This is a problem that Mercedes USA have acknowledged. The problem is not identifiable without first removing the mastic to check.
Body corrosion - Most model year versions of the W210 displayed body rust, notably on European-sold cars. Rust would sometimes appear spontaneously on panels such as doors and roofs on cars less than a year old. In response to this problem, the manufacturer would normally change or repair the affected panels under warranty. Mercedes-Benz has been criticized in the European press for not officially acknowledging this problem. This was due to problems introducing water based paint technology.
Window regulators - The power window regulator, essentially the mechanism that transfers power from the electric motor to the window, has a few plastic parts that can fail after several years causing the power window to stop operating. DIY replacement of a window regulator can be done in about 1–2 hours at a cost of somewhere between $60 and $120 for the part.
Head Gasket - The head gasket on the M104 is known to fail, causing an oil leak at the rear of the cylinder head.
Differential Bushing - The rear IRS differential bushing wears rapidly during high performance driving and cornering.
Diesel injection distributor pump - The OM604 engines (E200D and E220D) were equipped with an electronically controlled injection pump from Lucas. The seals of the Lucas injection pumps become brittle over time and leak. The electromechanics have also been know to fail. Since the replacement of the entire injection pump is very expensive, a repair kit is offered in which the affected seals are replaced. Failed Lucas pumps are also commonly replaced with Bosch pumps from W124.
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