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This article is about the Philippine island. For other uses, see Mindoro (disambiguation).
Ph locator map mindoro.png
Map of Mindoro
Mindoro is located in Philippines
Mindoro (Philippines)
Location South East Asia
Archipelago Philippines
Major islands Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Palawan
Area 10,572 km2 (4,082 sq mi)
Area rank 74th
Highest elevation 2,582 m (8,471 ft)
Highest point Halcon
Province Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro
Largest settlement San Jose, Occidental Mindoro (pop. 131,188)
Population 1,238,573 (as of 2010)
Density 117.2 /km2 (303.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Mangyan, Tagalog

Mindoro (Tagalog pronunciation: [mɪnˈdoɾo]) is the seventh-largest island in the Philippines. It is located off the coast of Luzon, and northeast of Palawan. The southern coast of Mindoro forms the northeastern extremum of the Sulu Sea.[1]


In past times, it has been called Mai or Mait by Chinese traders and, by Spaniards, as Mina de Oro (meaning "gold mine") from where the island got its current name. The island was once a single province from 1920 to 1950 when it was divided into its two present-day provinces, Occidental Mindoro and Oriental Mindoro. The referendum to divide the island into its current two region state was pushed through by the acting governor, Hon. Romeo Venturanza.

According to the late historian William Henry Scott,[2] an entry in the official history of the Sung Dynasty for the year 972 mentions Ma-i as a trading partner of China. Other Chinese records referring to Ma-i or Mindoro appear in the years that follow.

Prehispanic Source Materials enumerates the products that Mindoro traders exchanged with the Chinese as "beeswax, cotton, true pearls, tortoise shell, medicinal betelnuts and yu-ta [jute?] cloth" for Chinese porcelain, trade gold, iron pots, lead, colored glass beads and iron needles.

The island was the location of the Battle of Mindoro in World War II.


Beach in Northern Mindoro

The economy of Mindoro is largely based on agriculture. Products consist of a wide variety of fruits, such as citrus, bananas, lanzones, rambutan, and coconuts, such cereals as rice and maize, sugar cane, peanuts, fish (catfish, milkfish, tilapia), livestock, and poultry. Logging and the mining of marble and copper also thrive.

Tourism is a lucrative business as well, with locations such as Apo Reef National Park, Lubang Island, Puerto Galera, Sabang Beach, and Mount Halcon. Puerto Galera's beaches are the island's most known tourist attraction and are widely visited.


The principal language in Mindoro is Tagalog, although in some parts it has been greatly influenced by the native Visayan and Mangyan languages. Mainstream Filipino and Taglish are, indeed, present in and around such areas as Puerto Galera, Pinamalayan, and Calapan City. Visayan and Mangyan languages, too, are spoken on the island, as are Ilokano and some foreign languages — e.g., English, Fukien, and, to a much lesser extent, Spanish.

The common religions on the island fall under Christianity. The religion of the indigenous Mangyan population is animism. Though they are into animism as a religion, the Catholic Church in some of Mindoro's parts is also active.

Other information[edit]

Mindoro is also home to the Tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf buffalo (Bubalus mindorensis), which is endemic to the island. The Tamaraw is a bovine related to the water buffalo and is an endangered species.



  1. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Sulu Sea
  2. ^ Scott, William Henry. (1984). "Societies in Prehispanic Philippines". Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers. p. 70. ISBN 971-10-0226-4. 

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Coordinates: 12°55′49″N 121°05′41″E / 12.93028°N 121.09472°E / 12.93028; 121.09472