Samal, Davao del Norte
|Samal (Island Garden city)|
The view from Samal Island, looking towards Talikud Island and mainland Mindanao
|Nickname(s): Island Garden City|
Map of Davao del Norte showing the location of Island Garden City of Samal
|Region||Davao Region (Region XI)|
|Province||Davao del Norte|
|District||2nd District of Davao del Norte|
|Founded||July 8, 1948|
|Cityhood||January 30, 1998|
|• Mayor||Aniano Antalan (Liberal)|
|• Total||301.3 km2 (116.3 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 NSO Census)|
|• Density||320/km2 (820/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class|
Samal is a part of the Metropolitan Davao area and is located two kilometers away from Davao City. To reach the island, transportation is available via a barge/ferry service or passenger boats along the Sasa Wharf. The modes of transportation on the island are tricycles or trikes, bus and private car services offered by resorts.
The name Samal was derived from the word (sama), the tribe of the natives who are the first inhabitants of the Island. People used the word Samal because of the Visayans who miscalled the word Sama. The first datu in the island was Datu Taganiyug, a native of Peñaplata, Samal. In the past, the people of Samal name a place about what was the said place known for. For example, the name Peñaplata was derived from the word "piña" or pineapple because of the abundance of pineapple in the area. This, however, is folk etymology as peñaplata literally means "rock of silver" in Spanish. Tagpopongan is the first barangay in Samal which name was from the word "tagpo" or meet. It was called so because in the past, this place is chosen by the datus as their meeting place. The word Samal was also known before because it was commonly used as surname by datus. Abu is the national costume of Samal long time ago. The first business transaction in the island was during the Chinese era. Spanish influence was also felt in the island.
The City During War
The Pacific War, which happened during World War II, also struck the island. Japanese fighter planes bombed Samal. Japanese occupied the island and forced the people to work for four years until they were expelled by the Allied forces. After the war, infrastructure was built, like schools, churches and stores in the area.
Official Founding of the Municipality
The time came in July 8, 1948, when the entire island itself becomes part of the newly created municipality of Samal; it was the official founding of the municipality. Fives years later in 1953, the municipality of Babak was created from Samal, marking the political division of the island between the two municipalities. Now came the political division of the island between the three municipalities, when the municipality of Kaputian was created from the island in 1966. In this period, the living qualities between these three municipalities became low and extremely rural.
In 1969, a proposal to create the sub-province of Samal was created by Republic Act No. 5999 and covered the area of the present-day city. The act was enacted without President Ferdinand Marcos' approval. However, the sub-province was never inaugurated.
The city was created through Republic Act No. 8471 in January 30, 1998. This organic act paved the way for the dissolution and merger of the three former-municipalities of Samal, Babak, and Kaputian into one local government unit, now officially named as the Island Garden City of Samal.
The city is the largest resort city of the Philippines. The city has good beaches and houses many beach resorts, such as Kaputian Resort, Pearl Farm, Paradise Island, and many more. It has also numerous marine reefs and tranquil waters that lure the tourists to visit them. Because of these, the Department of Tourism named it one of the best visiting islands in Mindanao and now the fastest growing tourist destination in the country. Thus, tourism is the main source of income in the city. Biggest taxes are imposed to tourism and resort industry.
Fishing is also a growing business sector in this city, because since the city was situated on the island, it cannot fully complement the demand for meat products imported from other parts of the country, especially in nearby Davao City. The city has no both container port and deep-water transport terminal, except for a barge wharf at Babak district, to deliver market products directly to the city, so the city government advocated building fishery complexes across the city to minimize the demand for market products imported to the city. Fish, pearls, and edible crustaceans such as shrimps, prawns, and crabs are the main aquatic consumable products in the city.
Samal is politically subdivided into 46 barangays. In 1955, the sitios of Mambago, San Isidro, Sto. Niño, San Antonio, San Agustin, Dangcaan, Balet, Tambo, Camudmud, and Cogo were converted into barrios of the now-defunct municipality of Babak.
- Caliclic (Dangca-an)
- Cogon (Talicod)
- Del Monte
- Miranda (Pob.)
- Moncado (Pob.)
- Peñaplata (Pob.)
- Poblacion (Kaputian)
- San Agustin
- San Antonio
- San Isidro (Babak)
- San Isidro (Kaputian)
- San Jose (San Lapuz)
- San Miguel (Magamono)
- San Remigio
- Santa Cruz (Talicod II)
- Santo Niño
- Sion (Zion)
- Davao City
- Davao Gulf
- Davao del Norte
- Davao Region, designated as Region XI of the Philippines
- International Seaport of Davao
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Official Website of the Island Garden City of Samal
- Samal Island Resource Blog