Moldovan parliamentary election, July 2009

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Moldovan parliamentary election
Moldova
2009 (Apr) ←
29 July 2009
→ 2010

All the 101 seats to the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
  First party Second party Third party
  Vladimir Voronin 2006.jpg Vladimir Filat.jpg Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg
Leader Vladimir Voronin Vlad Filat Mihai Ghimpu
Party PCRM Liberal Democratic Liberal
Leader since 1994 2007 2005
Last election 60 15 15
Seats won 48 18 15
Seat change −12 +3 ±0
Popular vote 706,630 261,265 230,698
Percentage 44.76 16.55 14.61

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Marian Lupu Senate of Poland.JPG
Leader Marian Lupu Serafim Urechean
Party Democratic AMN
Leader since 2009 2003
Last election 0 11
Seats won 13 7
Seat change +13 −4
Popular vote 198,114 116,088
Percentage 12.55 7.35

Parlement moldave juillet 09.png

An early parliamentary election took place in Moldova on 29 July 2009.[1][2]

Background[edit]

The country's parliament, elected months earlier, was dissolved by president Vladimir Voronin on 15 June 2009,[1] after it had twice failed to elect a new president.

Before the dissolution of the parliament, the electoral threshold was lowered from 6% to 5% and the minimum participation rate was lowered from half the electorate to a third of the electorate.[3] A poll from mid-July gave the PCRM only 29.7%, with the combined opposition (including the Democratic Party of Moldova now led by PCRM defector Marian Lupu) at over 40%.[4] PCRM leader Voronin did not rule out entering into a "grand coalition" with the opposition parties if the election results were inconclusive.[5]

Alliance for European Integration[edit]

On August 8, 2009, four Moldovan parties – Liberal Democratic Party, Liberal Party, Democratic Party, and Our Moldova Alliance – agreed to create a governing coalition that will push the Communist party into opposition. The name of the coalition is Alliance for European Integration.

Political forces Seats Moldovan Parliament seats after July 2009 polls
Alliance for European Integration 53                                                                                                          
Party of Communists 48                                                                                                          
      PCRM (48) ·       PLDM (18) ·       PL (15) ·       PDM (13) ·       AMN (7)

Monitor controversy[edit]

Five Ukrainian election observers within the European Network of Election Monitoring Organizations (ENEMO) were deported from Moldova the day before the elections. According to them out of the 140 observers from ENEMO the Central Election Commission of Moldova registered only 55.[6]

Result[edit]

Voronin's party, the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova, gained around 45% of the vote, whilst the other four parties which won seats each gained from around 7% to 16%.[7] However, combined, the opposition parties to the Communists secured a greater percentage of the vote, and went in discussion over forming a coalition.[7] This has led some commentators to declare the election a loss for the Communists.[7][8]

A swing comparison with the results of the April 2009 Election showed the Communist Party of Moldova losing support (−4.72%) with most of the gain attributed to the Democratic Party (+9.58%), the Liberal Democratic Party (+4.12%) and the Liberal Party (+1.48%).

Other parties that recorded a loss in support include Our Moldova Alliance (−2.42%), Christian Democratic People’s Party (−1.79%), and Social Democratic Party (−1.18%).

Eight parties participated in the elections: Four which had won seats in the April elections (PCRM, PL, PLDM, PAMN), three parties which had won between three and four percent (PSD, PPCD, PDM) and the Ecologist Party of Moldova "Green Alliance", which had not participated in the April elections.

The results of the July election indicated a consolidation of the vote with fewer parties standing. In April 2009, 15.19% of voters supported minor parties below the then 7% threshold. In July only 4.16% of voters supported minor parties who fell below the 5% threshold.

Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions
e • d  Summary of the 29 July 2009 Parliament of Moldova election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/− Seats
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 706,732 44.69 −4.79 48
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 262,028 16.57 +4.14 18
Liberal Party 232,108 14.68 +1.55 15
Democratic Party of Moldova 198,268 12.54 +9.57 13
Party Alliance Our Moldova 116,194 7.35 −2.42 7
Christian Democratic People's Party 30,236 1.91 −1.79
Social Democratic Party 29,434 1.86 −1.18
Ecologist Party of Moldova "Green Alliance" 6,517 0.41 +0.41
Total (turnout 58.77%) 1,581,517 100.00 101
Source: alegeri.md
Election results at district level: communists (red) vs the combined figure of the 4 opposition parties that passed the threshold (blue)
    Party Seats Moldovan Parliament after July 2009 polls
  Party of Communists 48                                                                                                
  Liberal Dem Party 18                                                                                                
  Liberal Party 15                                                                                                
  Democratic Party 13                                                                                                
  Alliance Our Moldova 7                                                                                                


Election results per district:

no electoral district number of registered voters participated in the vote  % participated in the vote valid votes PCRM PLDM PL PDM AMN PPCD PSD PEMAVE
1 Chişinău 618,910 385,179 62.24% 383,344 41.23% 16.89% 23.14% 10.55% 5.62% 1.15% 0.96% 0.47%
2 Bălţi 107,163 57,245 53.42% 56,894 58.16% 12.82% 7.64% 15.60% 2.87% 1.15% 1.33% 0.43%
3 Găgăuzia 103,517 57,690 55.73% 57,276 77.78% 1.28% 0.43% 5.88% 3.73% 0.69% 9.87% 0.35%
4 Anenii Noi 70,140 39,649 56.53% 39,402 47.92% 18.04% 14.26% 11.05% 5.13% 2.11% 1.08% 0.41%
5 Basarabeasca 17,098 12,560 73.46% 12,481 52.05% 13.25% 5.50% 10.49% 7.59% 1.22% 9.26% 0.64%
6 Briceni 58,089 35,468 61.06% 35,207 57.61% 9.60% 7.27% 14.63% 7.09% 2.08% 1.32% 0.41%
7 Cahul 92,173 53,594 58.15% 53,303 38.36% 23.52% 15.89% 10.66% 7.69% 2.37% 1.20% 0.32%
8 Cantemir 43,480 25,761 59.25% 25,596 40.81% 24.93% 11.04% 10.07% 9.79% 1.74% 1.13% 0.48%
9 Călăraşi 60,966 34,020 55.80% 33,794 32.10% 17.59% 19.71% 10.02% 16.35% 2.25% 1.49% 0.49%
10 Căuşeni 69,108 39,285 56.85% 39,041 44.26% 12.46% 12.12% 8.91% 16.78% 3.78% 1.29% 0.39%
11 Cimişlia 44,665 25,686 57.51% 25,541 43.98% 16.51% 9.33% 16.10% 10.50% 1.81% 1.41% 0.37%
12 Criuleni 57,324 34,331 59.89% 34,069 34.23% 16.85% 20.11% 13.29% 11.18% 2.92% 1.04% 0.38%
13 Donduşeni 33,223 21,378 64.35% 21,199 58.94% 10.08% 5.57% 14.16% 3.91% 3.72% 3.26% 0.37%
14 Drochia 67,723 39,324 58.07% 39,055 49.69% 16.22% 8.57% 16.28% 5.13% 2.03% 1.71% 0.36%
15 Dubăsari 25,286 16,230 64.19% 16,099 67.92% 8.55% 7.51% 8.68% 4.55% 1.57% 0.82% 0.40%
16 Edineţ 64,123 38,219 59.60% 37,938 57.29% 8.15% 4.82% 18.34% 6.98% 1.37% 2.78% 0.27%
17 Făleşti 71,198 39,507 55.49% 39,230 52.09% 13.65% 7.55% 17.14% 4.57% 2.36% 2.32% 0.34%
18 Floreşti 68,643 42,202 61.48% 41,761 54.39% 17.55% 4.90% 15.30% 4.82% 1.62% 1.07% 0.34%
19 Glodeni 46,981 25,916 55.16% 25,727 47.72% 18.90% 8.43% 13.44% 7.59% 1.71% 1.87% 0.34%
20 Hînceşti 89,494 50,604 56.54% 50,265 33.00% 28.05% 14.12% 16.48% 5.15% 1.75% 1.15% 0.30%
21 Ialoveni 76,092 46,648 61.30% 46,334 25.02% 24.79% 23.16% 11.91% 11.81% 1.80% 0.96% 0.55%
22 Leova 42,039 22,299 53.04% 22,119 41.23% 15.31% 10.99% 14.25% 12.87% 3.02% 1.80% 0.53%
23 Nisporeni 49,284 28,389 57.60% 28,215 27.18% 22.67% 27.01% 6.88% 13.17% 1.50% 1.01% 0.58%
24 Ocniţa 39,601 25,497 64.38% 25,322 65.92% 9.00% 3.82% 14.72% 3.66% 1.19% 1.34% 0.35%
25 Orhei 93,595 54,553 58.29% 54,162 29.51% 20.78% 18.74% 16.93% 7.95% 1.65% 4.02% 0.42%
26 Rezina 37,258 23,493 63.05% 23,295 48.83% 19.24% 10.65% 11.44% 4.97% 3.47% 1.03% 0.36%
27 Rîşcani 54,232 30,752 56.70% 30,541 51.09% 13.36% 8.87% 16.10% 6.51% 1.99% 1.74% 0.33%
28 Sîngerei 67,133 36,123 53.81% 35,913 43.43% 16.97% 9.36% 20.09% 6.18% 2.24% 1.42% 0.31%
29 Soroca 74,965 42,798 57.09% 42,434 48.65% 13.38% 7.96% 16.09% 10.57% 1.21% 1.77% 0.37%
30 Străşeni 73,756 41,404 56.14% 41,123 32.86% 18.07% 21.17% 12.02% 10.96% 2.36% 2.05% 0.51%
31 Şoldăneşti 33,163 19,431 58.59% 19,279 44.90% 13.81% 8.50% 12.66% 14.13% 4.15% 1.45% 0.39%
32 Ştefan Vodă 53,048 30,406 57.32% 30,204 36.52% 21.69% 14.31% 8.69% 8.04% 8.53% 1.84% 0.38%
33 Taraclia 31,041 19,856 63.97% 19,699 80.70% 2.97% 1.20% 10.05% 1.93% 0.78% 1.96% 0.41%
34 Teleneşti 51,786 30,348 58.60% 30,166 31.94% 26.09% 11.78% 12.64% 12.97% 2.47% 1.72% 0.39%
35 Ungheni 85,655 48,368 56.47% 48,007 46.68% 14.52% 12.96% 12.96% 7.56% 1.78% 2.64% 0.35%
36 at diplomatic missions 36,429 17,544 48.16% 17,482 8.49% 32.12% 43.78% 5.88% 5.75% 2.51% 1.00% 0.46%
Total 2,708,381 1,591,757 58.77% 1,581,517 44.69% 16.57% 14.68% 12.54% 7.35% 1.91 1.86% 0.41%

Reactions[edit]

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, which was observing the election, said that whilst evidence had been found of "subtle intimidation and media bias", it concluded that major electoral fraud did not occur.[8]

After the results had been announced, Voronin acknowledged that there had been a swing in the popular vote against his party, and said he wants a "principled dialogue with all the political forces."[8] Neither the Communists nor the opposition parties combined has the three-fifths of parliament, 61 seats, necessary to elect a new president without gaining the support of some members of the other side.[8]

Michael Schwirtz of the New York Times described the reason why the Communists did not gain a majority of the vote as unknown, though said it could be down to the defection of Marian Lupu, a former parliamentary speaker, from the Communists to the Democratic Party of Moldova, which won 13 seats in this election.[9] Lupu has been suggested as the next president.[7]

Elected MPs[edit]

Parliamentary elections in Moldavia 2009 July en.svg

The list of deputies elected in the 29 July 2009 parliamentary elections:

Party of Communists
  1. Vladimir Voronin 1941, engineer-economist, jurist, Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova leader
  2. Zinaida Greceanîi 1956, economist, the Prime Minister of Moldova.
  3. Vladimir Ţurcan 1954, lawyer, former vice president of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
  4. Victor Mândru 1959, engineer-technologist, master in International Relations, former MP
  5. Mark Tkaciuk 1966, PhD in history, former MP
  6. Igor Dodon 1975, economist, PhD in Economy, First Vice Prim Minister
  7. Vladimir Vitiuc 1972, economist from Bălţi, former MP
  8. Victor Stepaniuc 1958, pedagog, PhD in history, Vice Prim Minister
  9. Eugenia Ostapciuc 1947, engineer-technologist, former President of the Moldovan Parliament, former MP
  10. Vladimir Eremciuc 1951, physician from Ocniţa, former MP
  11. Maria Postoico 1950, lawyer, former MP
  12. Ivan Călin 1935, agronomist, PhD in Economy, diplomat, former MP, former Prime Minister of Moldova.
  13. Galina Balmoş 1961, pedagog from Străşeni, Minister (government) of the Ministry of Social Protection Family and Child
  14. Valentin Guznac 1961, Mechanical engineer, jurist, Unemployed, Minister (government) of the Ministry of Public Administration
  15. Anatolie Popuşoi 1949, agronomist, director "Moldsilva", former MP
  16. Dmitrii Todoroglo 1944, agronomist, former MP, brother-in-law of Vladimir Voronin
  17. Grigore Petrenco 1980, economist, former MP, member Party of the European Left
  18. Vasilii Şova 1959, jurist, Minister (government), Moldovan Reintegration Ministry
  19. Svetlana Rusu 1972, physician from Floreşti, Moldova, former MP
  20. Iurie Munteanu 1972, economist, MBA, Deputy Minister of Economy and Trade, former MP
  21. Igor Vremea 1973, lawyer from Mereşeni, PhD in law, former MP
  22. Veronica Abramciuc 1958 historian
  23. Aliona Babiuc 1969, pedagog, historian from Briceni, former MP
  24. Elena Bondarenco 1965, economist from Soroca, former MP
  25. Vadim Mişin 1945, lawyer, PhD in law, former MP
  26. Alla Mironic 1941, Professor, PhD in Pedagogy, former MP
  27. Vasile Iovv 1942, economist, PhD in Economy, former MP
  28. Svetlana Popa 1964, mathematician-cybernetic, alderman, chief of Party of Communists in the City Council of Chişinău.
  29. Violeta Ivanov 1967, environmental engineer, Minister (government) of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources
  30. Raisa Spinovschi 1972, economist-accountant from Cocieri, former MP
  31. Anatolie Zagorodnîi 1973, lawyer from Hînceşti, master in economic law
  32. Miron Anton 1941, agronomist, former MP
  33. Irina Vlah 1974, lawyer from Comrat, PhD in law, member Party of the European Left
  34. Oleg Reidman 1952, specialist in radiofizica and electronic, former MP
  35. Oxana Radu 1976, lawyer, superior consultant, Territorial Administrative Department, Ungheni (Direcţia teritorială control administrativ Ungheni)
  36. Zinaida Chistruga 1954, General Director of Licensing Chamber of Moldova
  37. Ludmila Belcencova 1972, historian, former MP
  38. Ghenadie Morcov 1965, physician from Drochia, former MP
  39. Oxana Domenti 1972, economist, PhD in Economy, former MP
  40. Inna Şupac 1984, anthropologist, master in anthropology, former MP
  41. Stoicov Iurie 1955, mechanical engineer from Călăraşi, Moldova, former MP
  42. Ştefan Grigoriev 1949, physicist from Căuşeni, specialist in optics and spectroscopy, former MP
  43. Eduard Muşuc 1975, alderman, international economic relations, director, ICS "Zalmoxis Grup" SRL
  44. Petru Porcescu 1953, cadastral engineer from Străşeni, former MP
  45. Tatiana Botnariuc 1967, pedagog, director of the Territorial Social Security Office Donduşeni
  46. Oleg Babenco 1968, PhD in History, rector Slavic University of Chişinău, former MP
  47. Natalia Vâsotina 1970, pedagog, former MP
  48. Oleg Garizan 1971, historian, mayor of Copceac, Gagauzia

On December 15, 2009, PCRM MPs Vladimir Ţurcan, Victor Stepaniuc, Ludmila Belcencova, and Valentin Guznac left the Party of Communists' parliamentary faction, on grounds that the concerned group of lawmakers did not agree with the latest decisions by the PCRM's leadership. On March 17, 2010, Svetlana Popa left the Party of Communists' parliamentary faction.

Liberal Democratic Party
  1. Vladimir Filat 1969, Liberal Democratic Party leader, degree in law, former MP
  2. Alexandru Tănase 1971, degree in law, Vice President Liberal Democratic Party, former MP
  3. Mihai Godea 1974, Vice President Liberal Democratic Party, professor, former MP
  4. Liliana Palihovici 1971, Professor, former MP
  5. Vitalie Nagacevschi 1965, lawyer, former MP
  6. Iurie Ţap 1955, pedagog, mayor Floreşti, Moldova
  7. Călin Vieru 1965, neurologist doctor, lawyer, former MP
  8. Ion Balan 1962, agronomist from Lingura, Cantemir District, former MP
  9. Vladimir Hotineanu 1950, physician surgeon, PhD, former MP
  10. Iurie Leancă 1963, expert in international relations from Ialoveni, former MP
  11. Valeriu Ghileţchi 1960, radio engineer, degree in theology, former MP
  12. Mihail Şleahtiţchi 1956, Professor from Bălţi, PhD, former MP
  13. Angel Agache 1976, degree in economics and law, master's degree in political management, former MP
  14. Alexandru Cimbriciuc 1968, lawyer from Soroca, former MP
  15. Simion Furdui 1963, specialist in public administration, former MP
  16. Veceslav Ioniţă 1973, economist, public administration, lecturer Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova
  17. Valeriu Streleţ 1970, lawyer, historian, director, "Bioprotect" SRL
  18. Ion Butmălai 1964, lawyer Cahul
Liberal Party
  1. Dorin Chirtoacă 1978, lawyer, General Mayor of Chişinău
  2. Mihai Ghimpu 1951, Liberal Party leader, lawyer, former MP
  3. Anatol Şalaru 1962, Physician, Liberal Party vice president, businessman
  4. Corina Fusu 1959, Biology and Chemistry degree, journalist, Liberal Party vice president, former MP
  5. Vadim Cojocaru 1961, economist, PhD in Economy, former MP
  6. Anatolie Arhire 1956, engineer from Ungheni, vicepresident of the Ungheni District
  7. Gheorghe Brega 1951, physician, former MP
  8. Vadim Vacarciuc 1972, pedagog, coach from Bălţi, former MP
  9. Bodrug Oleg - 1965, physicist, editor, former MP
  10. Ana Guţu 1962, philolog, PhD in Philology, Prime vicerector the Free International University of Moldova, Chişinău, former MP
  11. Ion Hadârcă 1949, philolog, Professor, writer, former MP
  12. Valeriu Nemerenco 1959, lawyer, PhD in Law, pretor Sectorul Buiucani
  13. Ion Lupu 1963, forest engineer from Vărzăreşti, former MP
  14. Mihail Moldovanu 1965, physician, PhD in Medicine, former MP
  15. Boris Vieru 1957, philologist, Unemployed
Democratic Party
  1. Marian Lupu 1966, the Democratic Party of Moldova leader, economist, PhD in Economy, former President of the Moldovan Parliament
  2. Valeriu Lazăr 1968, mechanical engineer, director "BIS-capital" SRL, former Minister of Economy.
  3. Igor Corman 1969, historian, PhD in History, diplomat
  4. Andrei Popov 1971, journalist, diplomat, Executive Director, Foreign Policy Association (APE).
  5. Aurel Băieşu 1964, lawyer, PhD in Law, lecturer
  6. Dumitru Diacov 1952, journalist, former Democratic Party leader, honorary leader of the Democratic Party
  7. Oleg Serebrian 1969, historian, PhD in Political Sciences, Vice President Democratic Party
  8. Alexandru Stoianoglo 1967, lawyer, "A. Stoianoglo" law firm owner.
  9. Marcel Răducan 1967, engineer, PhD in Technical Sciences, lecturer
  10. Valeriu Guma 1964, engineer-economist, former member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (2000–2001)
  11. Anatolie Ghilaş 1957, from Codru, Moldova, construction engineer, Court of Accounts of the Republic of Moldova member
  12. Valentina Buliga 1961, pharmacist, Master of Laws.
  13. Stella Jantuan 1966, historian, sociologist, the head of the analytical-information department within the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
Party Alliance Our Moldova
  1. Serafim Urechean 1950, Party Alliance Our Moldova leader, construction engineer, PhD in Economy, former MP
  2. Veaceslav Untilă 1956, vice president of Party Alliance Our Moldova, Mechanical Engineer, lawyer, PhD in Law, lecturer, former president of the National Liberal Party (Moldova), former MP
  3. Ion Pleşca 1957, Judge Sectorul Botanica
  4. Leonid Bujor 1950, historian, former MP
  5. Vasile Balan 1950, philologist, former MP
  6. Iurie Colesnic 1955, mechanical engineer, writer, Honoris Causa of the "Universităţii Umaniste" (Chişinău, 2000), former MP.
  7. Veaceslav Platon 1973, lawyer, former MP

References[edit]

General:

Inline: