Moving the goalposts

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Moving the goalposts (or shifting the goalposts) is a metaphor, derived from association football or other games, that means to change the criterion (goal) of a process or competition while still in progress, in such a way that the new goal offers one side an intentional advantage or disadvantage.[1]

Etymology[edit]

This phrase is originally British in origin[2] and derives from sports that use goalposts, such as association football. The figurative use alludes to the perceived unfairness in changing the goal one is trying to achieve after the process one is engaged in (e.g. a game of football) has already started.[1]

Logical fallacy[edit]

Moving the goalposts, similar to "shifting sands" and also known as raising the bar, is an informal logically fallacious argument in which evidence presented in response to a specific claim is dismissed and some other (often greater) evidence is demanded. That is, after an attempt has been made to score a goal, the goalposts are moved to exclude the attempt.[3] The problem with changing the rules of the game is that the meaning of the end result is changed too.[4]

Use[edit]

Some include this metaphor as description of the tactics of harassment. In such cases, a re-defining of another's goals may in reality be intentionally devised so as to assure that an athlete, for example, will ultimately never be able to finally achieve the ever shifting goals.[5]

In workplace bullying, shifting the goalposts is a conventional tactic in the process of humiliation.[6]

Moving the goalposts may also refer to feature creep, in which the completion of a product like software is not acknowledged because an evolving list of required features changes over time, which in extreme cases may even require rewriting the entire program. Thus, the goal of "completing" the product for a client may never occur.[citation needed]

The term is often used in business to imply bad faith on the part of those setting goals for others to meet, by arbitrarily making additional demands just as the initial ones are about to be met. Accusations of this form of abuse tend to occur when there are unstated assumptions that are obvious to one party but not to another.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Moving the goalposts". Phrases.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  2. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1990/10/28/magazine/on-language-moving-the-goalposts.html
  3. ^ Clark, Jef et al. (2005). "Moving the goalposts," Humbug! The Skeptic’s Field Guide to Spotting Fallacies in Thinking, p. 101.
  4. ^ Hobbs, Jeremy. "Moving the Goal Posts," New York Times, November 21, 2011; retrieved 2013-2-19.
  5. ^ Royal College of Psychiatrists, "On Bullying and Harassment" retrieved 2012-2-19.
  6. ^ Field, Tim. (1995). Bully in Sight: How to Predict, Resist, Challenge and Combat Workplace Bullying, p. 60.

External links[edit]