Nassau (town), New York
|Nassau, New York|
Location within Rensselaer County and New York
|Incorporated||1806 (as Town of Philipstown)|
|• Supervisor||David Fleming|
|• Total||45.2 sq mi (117.1 km2)|
|• Land||44.5 sq mi (115.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|Elevation||919 ft (280 m)|
|• Density||110/sq mi (41/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979250|
|Website||Town of Nassau, New York|
The Town of Nassau is at the southern border of the county.
The region was first settled around 1760. The town was originally formed as the "Town of Philipstown" in 1806 from parts of the Towns of Petersburgh, Schodack, and Stephentown. The town changed its name to "Nassau" in 1808.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 45.2 square miles (117.1 km²), of which, 44.5 square miles (115.4 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²) of it (1.46%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,818 people, 1,851 households, and 1,330 families residing in the town. The population density was 108.2 people per square mile (41.8/km²). There were 2,058 housing units at an average density of 46.2 per square mile (17.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.66% White, 1.08% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.
There were 1,851 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,526, and the median income for a family was $53,313. Males had a median income of $38,981 versus $26,804 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,785. About 5.9% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Nassau
- Alps – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town. The name stems from the mountainous terrain.
- Denault Corners – A hamlet on the north town line.
- Dunham Hollow- A hamlet in the extreme northeast part of the town
- East Nassau – The Village of East Nassau is on the eastern town line.
- Hoag's Corners – A hamlet near the east town line.
- Jack's Corners – A hamlet 3 miles east of the Village of Nassau
- Millers Corners – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town.
- Nassau – The Village of Nassau is at the west town line.
- North Nassau – A hamlet in the north part of the town.
- Anderson, George Baker (1897). Landmarks of Rensselaer County New York. Syracuse, New York: D. Mason and Company. OCLC 1728151.
- Hayner, Rutherford (1925). Troy and Rensselaer County New York: A History. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc. OCLC 22524006.
- Sylvester, Nathaniel Bartlett (1880). History of Rensselaer Co., New York with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck. OCLC 3496287.
- Weise, Arthur James (1880). History of the Seventeen Towns of Rensselaer County from the Colonization of the Manor of Rensselaerwyck to the Present Time. Troy, New York: J. M. Francis & Tucker. OCLC 6637788.
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