Dade County, Georgia

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Dade County, Georgia
DadeCountyCourthouseTrentonGa.jpg
Map of Georgia highlighting Dade County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Francis L. Dade
Seat Trenton
Largest city Trenton
Area
 • Total 174.16 sq mi (451 km2)
 • Land 173.98 sq mi (451 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0 km2)
Population
 • (2010) 16,633
 • Density 87/sq mi (34/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.dadecounty-ga.gov

Dade County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population is 16,633.[1] The county seat is Trenton.[2]

Dade County is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 1860, Dade County seceded from not only the state of Georgia, but also from the United States, however the secession was never recognized to have any legal effect. In 1945, the county symbolically rejoined Georgia and the United States. [3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 174.16 square miles (451.1 km2), of which 173.98 square miles (450.6 km2) (or 99.90%) is land and 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) (or 0.10%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Interstate highways[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

Cloudland Canyon State Park

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,364
1850 2,680 96.5%
1860 3,069 14.5%
1870 3,033 −1.2%
1880 4,702 55.0%
1890 5,707 21.4%
1900 4,578 −19.8%
1910 4,139 −9.6%
1920 3,918 −5.3%
1930 4,146 5.8%
1940 5,894 42.2%
1950 7,364 24.9%
1960 8,666 17.7%
1970 9,910 14.4%
1980 12,318 24.3%
1990 13,147 6.7%
2000 15,154 15.3%
2010 16,633 9.8%
Est. 2012 16,490 −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 15,154 people, 5,633 households, and 4,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 6,224 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.51% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,633 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.30% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,259, and the median income for a family was $39,481. Males had a median income of $31,534 versus $21,753 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,127. About 7.50% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

History[edit]

Dade County was established in 1837 and was named for Major Francis Langhorne Dade,[8] who was killed in the Dade Massacre by Seminole Indians in December, 1835.

The first settlers of Dade County won the land in Georgia's land lottery and came to work in coke and coal mines.

Georgia did not have a road connecting to Dade County until the purchase of Cloudland Canyon in 1939. The county could only be accessed through Alabama and Tennessee until then.

Covenant College, founded in 1955 in California, needed to expand into new facilities after just one year. Several professors helped Covenant move to St. Louis, Missouri where it grew for eight years and in 1964 the institution outgrew its facilities and moved to Lookout Mountain.

Dade County had a short-lived state secessionist movement during the civil war. Dade Countians wanted to secede from the Union but the State of Georgia was cautious. Legend has it that in 1860, the people of Dade County were so impatient on their state to secede from the Union, they simply seceded by themselves. On July 4, 1945, a telegram from President Harry S. Truman was read at a celebration marking the county's rejoining the Union. Historians believe, however, that Dade County seceded with the State of Georgia and reentered the Union with it.[9][10]

Quarter controversy[edit]

Georgia State Quarter without Dade County.

Shortly after the Georgia State Quarter was released, Dade County gained attention over an apparent mistake in the quarter. The outline of the state of Georgia on the quarter appears to have accidentally left out Dade County, which is in the extreme northwestern part of the state. It has also been suggested that the exclusion was intentional, in reference to the local legend of Dade County's secession from Georgia.[11]

Georgia water supply[edit]

Dade County lies just south of Nickajack Lake on the Tennessee River, which is created by the Nickajack Dam, part of the Tennessee Valley Authority. The water source has been desired by Atlanta, Georgia to supplement water drained from Lake Lanier and Lake Allatoona. Georgia lawmakers wished to change the Tennessee-Georgia state line because it is based upon a flawed 1818 survey that mistakenly placed Georgia's northern line just short of the Tennessee River.[12][13]

Cities and towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Dade County, Georgia. "The State Of Dade". Dade County, Georgia. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 98. 
  9. ^ "The Dade County Sentinel, The Independent State Of Dade Is Fixin' To Rise Again". Dadesentinel.com. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  10. ^ See Coulter, E. Merton. "The Myth of Dade County's Seceding from Georgia in 1860." http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gadade/resources.htm
  11. ^ "Georgia quarters are really quite peachy, but not in Dade County". Valuable-coin-stories.com. Archived from the original on 22 Nov 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  12. ^ Bluestein, Greg - Forgotten Ga. county now in spotlight over water rights. Associated Press, April 28, 2008
  13. ^ Shearer, Lee - Tennessee-Georgia border dispute derided. The Athens Banner-Herald, March 3, 2008

Coordinates: 34°51′N 85°30′W / 34.85°N 85.50°W / 34.85; -85.50