New England French
|New England French|
|français de nouvelle-angleterre|
|Native to||New England (primarily Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont)|
|120,000 (2001)|
New England French (French: français de nouvelle-angleterre) is a variety of Canadian French spoken in the New England region of the United States. French speakers make up 5.28% of Maine's population, 3.14% in New Hampshire and 2.54% in Vermont, and in some areas they are in the majority. In other New England states, French speakers form 1.42% of Massachusetts' population (counting Haitians), 1.30% of Connecticut's population and 2.0% of Rhode Island's population.
New England French is one of the three major forms of the French language that developed in what is now the U.S., the others being Louisiana French and the nearly extinct Missouri French. The dialect is endangered, but its use is supported by bilingual education programs in place since 1987.
Number of French-speakers by state
|State||Number of speakers|
Francophone communities in New England
More than 1,000 inhabitants
- Berlin, New Hampshire (pop. 10,051) - 65% French-speaking
- Madawaska, Maine (pop. 4,534) - 84% French-speaking
- Fort Kent, Maine (pop. 4,233) - 61% French-speaking
- Van Buren, Maine (pop. 2,631) - 79% French-speaking
- Frenchville, Maine (pop. 1,225) - 80% French-speaking
Fewer than 1,000 inhabitants
- Eagle Lake, Maine (pop. 815) - 50% French-speaking
- St. Agatha, Maine (pop. 802) - 80% French-speaking
- St. Francis, Maine (pop. 577) - 61% French-speaking
- Grand Isle, Maine (pop. 518) - 76% French-speaking
- Saint John Plantation, Maine (pop. 282) - 60% French-speaking
- Hamlin, Maine (pop. 257) - 57% French-speaking
- Ammon, Ulrich; International Sociological Association (1989). Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 306–308. ISBN 0899253563. Retrieved April 3, 2012.