|France, Northern Italy, Channel Islands, parts of Belgium and Switzerland|
The Gallo-Romance branch of the Romance languages includes French (and the other langues d'oïl), the Occitano-Romance subgroup (which includes Occitan and Catalan), Franco-Provençal, the Gallo-Italic languages, and other languages.
Traditional geographical extension 
Historically, various Gallo-Romance languages were spoken in France, except for some outlying regions (Corsica, western Brittany, the Basque Country, Flanders, Alsace and part of Lorraine); the Wallonia region of Belgium; the Romandy region of western Switzerland; the Channel Islands; the Eastern part of the Iberian Peninsula; and in Northern Italy.
Today, a single Gallo-Romance language (French) dominates most of this geographic region (including the formerly non-Romance areas of France), and has also spread overseas. Another, Franco-Provençal, is still commonly spoken in Italy's Aosta Valley. Conversely, English (a Germanic, rather than Romance, language) is now predominant in the Channel Islands.
General characteristics 
See the Romance languages article for a description of the characteristics of Gallo-Romance.
- Charles Camproux, Les langues romanes, PUF 1974. p. 77–78.
- Pierre Bec, La langue occitane, éditions PUF, Paris, 1963. p. 49–50.
- G.B. Pellegrini, "Il cisalpino ed il retoromanzo, 1993". See also "The Dialects of Italy, edited by Maiden & Parry, 1997
- Bec, p. 9–11.
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