Obraz (organization)

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For other uses, see Obraz (disambiguation).
Obraz
Flag of Obraz.svg
Formation 1993
Legal status Banned
Purpose Orthodox clerical fascism
Headquarters Belgrade
Location
  • Serbia
Secretary General
Mladen Obradović
Website http://www.obraz.rs/

Obraz (Serbian: Отачаствени покрет Образ, Otačastveni pokret Obraz) is a Serbian far right organization, banned because of its violent activities and anti human rights ideology. The organization is classified as Orthodox clero-fascist, neo-nazi and racist by several organizations and government institutions, including the government of the Serbian province of Vojvodina and the Serbian Ministry of Interior.[1][2][3] On 12 June 2012 Obraz was officially banned by the Constitutional Court of Serbia.[4]

While swearing allegiance to the Serbian nation and to the Serbian Orthodox religion, Obraz is committed to a struggle against those groups which it views as enemies of the Serbian people, such as "Zionists, converts to Islam, Ustashe, democrats, false pacifists, perverts, ethnic minorities, criminals and drug addicts".[5][6][7]

Activities[edit]

In late 2001 they staged the First Assembly of the Orthodox-National Youth at the Belgrade University after 1944. Participants in the Assembly were members of society “Sveti Justin Filozof”, Serbian Assembly "Dveri"[citation needed], and the Serbian Orthodox priests. However most emphasised was the “Spiritual vertical of the Serb history and Serb people”. The rally underlined the spiritual authority of Justin Popović and Nikolaj Velimirović and urged creation of the Serb state in line with their ideas. There were many priests and also girls dressed in Serb folk-costumes. The Assembly also called on reconciliation between followers of Draža Mihailović, and dissemination of their ideas in schools.

Obraz praised war criminal indictees Ratko Mladić and Radovan Karadžić: "We salute the last of Serb heroes! Gen. Ratko Mladić [...] and Dr. Radovan Karadžić [...] led Bosnian Serbs in their fight for survival; we thank the great men for their sacrifices with a hope that our pages will strike a spark of inspiration for future generations."[5]

According to Professor Dr. Ljubiša Rajić, the message on the Obraz' web site: "re-hashes old ideas of Svetosavlje, which attach primary importance to assembly-making, monarchy, clericalism, conservatism, and patriarchal culture. Moreover those ideas are currently openly espoused by contemporary ideologues of Serb nationalism, the far-right parties and some Serbian Orthodox priests”.

"We are waiting for you!", a message to participants of the 2009 Belgrade Gay Pride Parade that was ultimately banned by the state.[8]

But that LGBT bashing[9] is characteristic also of other organizations, like Homeland Front "Obraz", which according to Nebojša M. Krstić, president of movement "verbally fights against abuses of human rights committed for the sake of legalization of sexually deviant homosexuals and lesbians and numerous sects in our country"

In February 2008, Obraz symbols were displayed at a Kosovo Serb rally in the northern part of the city of Kosovska Mitrovica[10] and during the Kosovo is Serbia rally in protest against the independence of Kosovo.[11] And in September 2009, they openly defied through propaganda posters the realisation of the Gay Pride Parade in Belgrade.[12]

On July 11, 2009, after the burial of 543 victims in Srebrenica, a group of men and women associated with Obraz "chanted insults directed towards the victims and in support of the Chetnik movement, calling for eradication of Islam".[13]

Legal status[edit]

On February 28, 2009, the Human and Minority Rights Ministry of Serbia sought to close Obraz and submitted an initiative to look into the legality of its work.[14][15]

In 2011, Obraz was submitted to the constitutional court of Serbia to be forbidden as an extremist organization and to prevent its registration under a different name.[16][17][18] The leader of this organization Mladen Obradović is accused for calls for lynch of the LGBT population in Serbia in 2009 and 2010.[9] He was convicted for 10 months sentence for LGBT bashing at the pride parade in 2009.[19] He was also convicted for 2 years for the same crimes at the 2010 pride parade.[19][20]

On 12 June, 2012, the Constitutional Court of Serbia declared Obraz as illegal.[21]

Literature[edit]

  • Byford, J.T. (2002). Christian right-wing organisations and the spreading of anti-Semitic prejudice in post-Miloševic Serbia: The case of the Dignity Patriotic Movement. East European Jewish Affairs, Vol. 32(2), 42-60.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prvi zvaničan spisak neonacista". B92.net (in Serbian). 10 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "I Obraz najavio šetnju 7. oktobra". B92.net (in Serbian). 28 September 2007. 
  3. ^ ""Zabranite ekstremističke grupe"". B92.net (in Serbian). 21 December 2005. 
  4. ^ http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics-article.php?yyyy=2012&mm=06&dd=12&nav_id=80718
  5. ^ a b Ramet, Sabrina P. (2008). Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia at Peace and at War: Selected Writings, 1983-2007. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 144. ISBN 3-03735-912-9. 
  6. ^ http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2008&mm=02&dd=12&nav_category=11&nav_id=284566
  7. ^ http://www.akademediasrbija.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=456:ta-je-otaastveni-pokret-obraz-&catid=38:cat-komentari-vesti&Itemid=54
  8. ^ http://minoritycentre.org/news/unacceptable-ban-belgrade-pride-2009
  9. ^ a b http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2011&mm=03&dd=06&nav_category=11&nav_id=497250
  10. ^ Kosovo: Time For Serbia To Wake Up, Radio Free Europe, February 29, 2008
  11. ^ Photos 2 and 4 of the essay “Belgrade Riots”, TIME Magazine, February 21, 2008
  12. ^ Serbian gay parade is called off, BBC News, September 19, 2009
  13. ^ "Controversial group in Srebrenica incident". B92. 13 July 2009. 
  14. ^ "Ministry in bid to shut down Obraz". B92. 28 February 2009. 
  15. ^ http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2009&mm=02&dd=28&nav_category=11&nav_id=347442
  16. ^ http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2011&mm=06&dd=03&nav_category=12&nav_id=516499
  17. ^ http://www.slobodnaevropa.org/content/da_li_ce_ustavni_sud_zabraniti_obraz/24421908.html
  18. ^ http://www.dnevnik.rs/hronika/treba-li-zabraniti-„obraz”
  19. ^ a b http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2012&mm=03&dd=27&nav_category=16&nav_id=594839
  20. ^ http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2011&mm=04&dd=20&nav_category=12&nav_id=507404
  21. ^ http://www.b92.net/info/vesti/index.php?yyyy=2012&mm=06&dd=12&nav_category=12&nav_id=617788

External links[edit]