Operation Musketeer (Nuclear test)
|Operation Musketeer (Nuclear test)|
|Test site||NTS Area 12, Rainier Mesa; NTS Area 19, 20, Pahute Mesa; NTS, Areas 1-4, 6-10, Yucca Flat|
|Number of tests||14|
|Test type||ug shaft, ug tunnel|
|Max. yield||150 kilotonnes of TNT (630 TJ)|
|Previous test series||Operation Charioteer|
|Next test series||Operation Touchstone|
Operation Musketeer was a series of 14 nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1986-1987 at the Nevada Test Site. These tests followed the Operation Charioteer series and preceded the Operation Touchstone series.
The United States test series summary table is here: United States' nuclear testing series.
The detonations [note 1] in the United States' Musketeer series are listed below:
|Name[note 2]||Date time (UT)||Local time zone[note 3]||Location[note 4]||Elevation + height[note 5]||Delivery[note 6]||Purpose[note 7]||Device[note 8]||Yield[note 9]||Venting[note 10]||References||Notes|
|Belmont||16 October 1986 19:00:25.089||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U20as||1,871 m (6,138 ft) - 605.03 m (1,985.0 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||140 kt||Venting detected, 0.2 Ci (7.4 GBq)||||Collapsed partial crater off to the southwest.|
|Gascon||14 November 1986 16:00:00.066||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U4t||1,236 m (4,055 ft) - 593.14 m (1,946.0 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||120 kt||I-131 venting detected, 0|||
|Bodie||13 December 1986 17:05:05.093||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U20ap||1,991 m (6,532 ft) - 635 m (2,083 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||140 kt||Venting detected, 1 Ci (37 GBq)|||
|Hazebrook-Apricot (Orange) - 3||3 February 1987 15:00:20.08||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U10bh||1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 262 m (860 ft)||ug shaft||safety experiment||less than 20 kt||I-131 venting detected, 0||||Simultaneous, same hole.|
|Hazebrook-Checkerberry (Red) - 2||3 February 1987 15:00:20.08||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U10bh||1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 226 m (741 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||less than 20 kt||I-131 venting detected, 0||||Simultaneous, same hole.|
|Hazebrook-Emerald (Green) - 1||3 February 1987 15:00:20.083||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U10bh||1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 186 m (610 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||less than 20 kt||I-131 venting detected, 0||||Simultaneous, same hole.|
|Tornero||11 February 1987 16:00:45.07||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U3ll||1,186 m (3,891 ft) - 298.4 m (979 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||6 kt|||
|Middle Note||18 March 1987 18:00:28.085||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U12n.21||2,223 m (7,293 ft) - 398.7 m (1,308 ft)||ug tunnel||weapon effect||3.5 kt|||
|Delamar||18 April 1987 13:00:40.0||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U20at||1,875 m (6,152 ft) - 544.1 m (1,785 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||100 kt|||
|Presidio||22 April 1987 23:00:00.088||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U6d||1,171 m (3,842 ft) - 319.7 m (1,049 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||2.5 kt|||
|Hardin||30 April 1987 13:00:30.089||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U20av||1,943 m (6,375 ft) - 625 m (2,051 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||100 kt||Venting detected, 0.2 Ci (7.4 GBq)|||
|Brie||18 June 1987 15:00:20.082||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U10cc||1,318 m (4,324 ft) - 203 m (666 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||less than 20 kt|||
|Mission Ghost||20 June 1987 16:00:00.18||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U12t.09||2,017 m (6,617 ft) - 321.3 m (1,054 ft)||ug tunnel||weapon effect||less than 20 kt||Venting detected, 3 Ci (110 GBq)|||
|Panchuela||30 June 1987 16:00:05.1||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U3mg||1,179 m (3,868 ft) - 319.13 m (1,047.0 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||8 kt||Venting detected, less than 100 Ci (3,700 GBq)|||
|Tahoka||13 August 1987 14:00:00.09||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U3mf||1,212 m (3,976 ft) - 638.56 m (2,095.0 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||150 kt|||
|Lockney||24 September 1987 15:00:00.055||PST (-8 hrs)
||NTS Area U19aq||2,045 m (6,709 ft) - 614.17 m (2,015.0 ft)||ug shaft||weapons development||150 kt||Venting detected, 4 Ci (150 GBq)|||
- A bomb test may be a salvo test, defined as two or more explosions "where a period of time between successive individual explosions does not exceed 5 seconds and where the burial points of all explosive devices can be connected by segments of straight lines, each of them connecting two burial points and does not exceed 40 kilometers in length". Mikhailov, V. N., Editor in Chief. Catalog of World Wide Nuclear Testing. Begell-Atom, LLC.
- The US, France and Great Britain have code-named their test events, while the USSR and China have not, and therefore have only test numbers (with some exceptions - Soviet peaceful explosions were named). Word translations into English in parentheses unless the name is a proper noun. A dash followed by a number indicates a member of a salvo event. The US also sometimes named the individual explosions in such a salvo test, which results in "name1 - 1(with name2)". If test is canceled or aborted, then the row data like date and location discloses the intended plans, where known.
- To convert the UT time into standard local, add the number of hours in parentheses to the UT time; for local daylight savings time, add one additional hour. If the result is less than 00:00, add 24 hours and subtract 1 from the day; if it's greater than or equal to 24:00, subtract 24 hours and add 1 to the day.
- Rough place name and a Latitude/Longitude reference; for rocket-carried tests, the launch location is specified before the detonation location, if known. Some locations are extremely accurate; others (like airdrops and space blasts) may be quite inaccurate. "~" indicates a likely pro-forma rough location, shared with other tests in that same area.
- Elevation is the ground level at the point directly below the explosion relative to sea level; height is the additional distance added or subtracted by tower, balloon, shaft, tunnel, air drop or other contrivance. For rocket bursts the ground level is "N/A". In some cases it is not clear if the height is absolute or relative to ground, for example, Plumbbob/John. No number or units indicates the value is unknown, while "0" means zero. Sorting on this column is by elevation and height added together.
- Atmospheric, airdrop, balloon, gun, cruise missile, rocket, surface, tower, and barge are all disallowed by the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Sealed shaft and tunnel are underground, and remained useful under the PTBT. Intentional cratering tests are borderline; they occurred under the treaty, were sometimes protested, and generally overlooked if the test was declared to be a peaceful use.
- Include weapons development, weapon effects, safety test, transport safety test, war, science, joint verification and industrial/peaceful, which may be further broken down.
- Designations for test items where known, "?" indicates some uncertainty about the preceeding value, nicknames for particular devices in quotes. This category of information is often not officially disclosed.
- Estimated energy yield in tonnes, kilotonnes, and megatonnes (all metric units).
- Emissions to atmosphere, where known. The measured species is only iodine-131 if mentioned, otherwise it is all species. No entry means unknown, probably none if underground and everything if not; otherwise notation for whether measured on the site only or off the site, where known, and the measured amount of radiation released.
- Yang, Xiaoping; North, Robert; Romney, Carl (August 2000), CMR Nuclear Explosion Database (Revision 3), SMDC Monitoring Research
- Estimated exposures and thyroid doses received by the American people from Iodine-131 in fallout following Nevada atmospheric nuclear bomb tests, Chapter 2, National Cancer Institute, 1997, retrieved 2014-01-05
- Radiological Effluents Released from U.S. Continental Tests 1961 Through 1992 (DOE/NV-317 Rev. 1), DOE Nevada Operations Office, retrieved 2013-10-31
- Official list of underground nuclear explosions, Sandia National Laboratories, 1994-07-01, retrieved 2013-12-18
- United States Nuclear Tests: July 1945 through September 1992 (DOE/NV-209 REV15), Las Vegas, NV: Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, 2000-12-01, retrieved 2013-12-18
- Hechanova, Anthony E.; O'Donnell, James E. (1998-09-25), Estimates of yield for nuclear tests impacting the groundwater at the Nevada Test Site, Nuclear Science and Technology Division
- Operation Argus, 1958 (DNA6039F), Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency, Department of Defense, retrieved 26 November 2013