Operation Musketeer (Nuclear test)

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Musketeer
Information
Country United States
Test site NTS Area 12, Rainier Mesa; NTS Area 19, 20, Pahute Mesa; NTS, Areas 1-4, 6-10, Yucca Flat
Period 1986-1987
Number of tests 14
Test type underground shaft, underground tunnel
Max. yield 150 kilotonnes of TNT (630 TJ)
Navigation
Previous test series Operation Charioteer
Next test series Operation Touchstone

The United States's Musketeer nuclear test series[1] was a group of 14 nuclear tests conducted in 1986-1987. These tests [note 1] followed the Operation Charioteer series and preceeded the Operation Touchstone series.

United States' Musketeer series tests and detonations
Name [note 2] Date time (UT) Local time zone [note 3][2] Location [note 4] Elevation + height [note 5] Delivery [note 6]
Purpose [note 7]
Device [note 8] Yield [note 9] Fallout [note 10] References Notes
Belmont 16 October 1986 19:25:00.089 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20as 37°13′13″N 116°27′45″W / 37.22016°N 116.46252°W / 37.22016; -116.46252 (Belmont) 1,871 m (6,138 ft) - 605.03 m (1,985.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
140 kt Venting detected, 0.2 Ci (7.4 GBq) [3][4][5][6][1] Collapsed partial crater off to the southwest.
Gascon 14 November 1986 16:00:00.066 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U4t 37°06′02″N 116°02′57″W / 37.10054°N 116.04911°W / 37.10054; -116.04911 (Gascon) 1,236 m (4,055 ft) - 593.14 m (1,946.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
120 kt I-131 venting detected, 0 [7][3][4][5][6][1]
Bodie 13 December 1986 17:50:05.093 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20ap 37°15′46″N 116°24′45″W / 37.2629°N 116.41257°W / 37.2629; -116.41257 (Bodie) 1,991 m (6,532 ft) - 635 m (2,083 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
140 kt Venting detected, 1 Ci (37 GBq) [3][4][5][6][1]
Hazebrook-Apricot (Orange) - 3 3 February 1987 15:20:00.08 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10bh 37°10′52″N 116°02′58″W / 37.18109°N 116.04931°W / 37.18109; -116.04931 (Hazebrook-Apricot (Orange) - 3) 1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 262 m (860 ft) underground shaft,
safety experiment
less than 20 kt I-131 venting detected, 0 [3][4][5][6][1] Simultaneous, same hole.
Hazebrook-Checkerberry (Red) - 2 3 February 1987 15:20:00.08 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10bh 37°10′52″N 116°02′58″W / 37.18109°N 116.04931°W / 37.18109; -116.04931 (Hazebrook-Checkerberry (Red) - 2) 1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 226 m (741 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt I-131 venting detected, 0 [3][4][5][6][1] Simultaneous, same hole.
Hazebrook-Emerald (Green) - 1 3 February 1987 15:20:00.083 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10bh 37°10′52″N 116°02′58″W / 37.18109°N 116.04931°W / 37.18109; -116.04931 (Hazebrook-Emerald (Green) - 1) 1,291 m (4,236 ft) - 186 m (610 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt I-131 venting detected, 0 [3][4][5][6][1] Simultaneous, same hole.
Tornero 11 February 1987 16:45:00.07 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3ll 37°00′38″N 116°02′44″W / 37.01067°N 116.04543°W / 37.01067; -116.04543 (Tornero) 1,186 m (3,891 ft) - 298.4 m (979 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
6 kt [5][6][1]
Middle Note 18 March 1987 18:28:00.085 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U12n.21 37°12′37″N 116°12′34″W / 37.21019°N 116.20944°W / 37.21019; -116.20944 (Middle Note) 2,223 m (7,293 ft) - 398.7 m (1,308 ft) underground tunnel,
weapon effect
3.5 kt [5][6][1]
Delamar 18 April 1987 13:40:00.0 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20at 37°14′53″N 116°30′36″W / 37.24798°N 116.51013°W / 37.24798; -116.51013 (Delamar) 1,875 m (6,152 ft) - 544.1 m (1,785 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
100 kt [5][6][1]
Presidio 22 April 1987 23:00:00.088 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U6d 36°58′59″N 116°00′19″W / 36.98311°N 116.00531°W / 36.98311; -116.00531 (Presidio) 1,171 m (3,842 ft) - 319.7 m (1,049 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
2.5 kt [5][6][1]
Hardin 30 April 1987 13:30:00.089 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U20av 37°13′59″N 116°25′26″W / 37.23299°N 116.42401°W / 37.23299; -116.42401 (Hardin) 1,943 m (6,375 ft) - 625 m (2,051 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
100 kt Venting detected, 0.2 Ci (7.4 GBq) [3][4][5][6][1]
Brie 18 June 1987 15:20:00.082 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U10cc 37°11′37″N 116°02′09″W / 37.19351°N 116.03588°W / 37.19351; -116.03588 (Brie) 1,318 m (4,324 ft) - 203 m (666 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
less than 20 kt [5][6][1]
Mission Ghost 20 June 1987 16:00:00.18 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U12t.09 37°13′12″N 116°10′42″W / 37.22°N 116.17838°W / 37.22; -116.17838 (Mission Ghost) 2,017 m (6,617 ft) - 321.3 m (1,054 ft) underground tunnel,
weapon effect
less than 20 kt Venting detected, 3 Ci (110 GBq) [3][4][5][6][1]
Panchuela 30 June 1987 16:05:00.1 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3mg 36°59′55″N 116°02′38″W / 36.99855°N 116.04394°W / 36.99855; -116.04394 (Panchuela) 1,179 m (3,868 ft) - 319.13 m (1,047.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
8 kt Venting detected, less than 100 Ci (3,700 GBq) [3][8][4][5][6][1]
Tahoka 13 August 1987 14:00:00.09 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U3mf 37°03′39″N 116°02′46″W / 37.06091°N 116.04618°W / 37.06091; -116.04618 (Tahoka) 1,212 m (3,976 ft) - 638.56 m (2,095.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
150 kt [7][8][5][6][1]
Lockney 24 September 1987 15:00:00.055 PST (-8 hrs)
NTS Area U19aq 37°13′41″N 116°22′32″W / 37.22794°N 116.37559°W / 37.22794; -116.37559 (Lockney) 2,045 m (6,709 ft) - 614.17 m (2,015.0 ft) underground shaft,
weapons development
150 kt Venting detected, 4 Ci (150 GBq) [3][4][5][6][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Yang, Xiaoping; North, Robert; Romney, Carl (August 2000), CMR Nuclear Explosion Database (Revision 3), SMDC Monitoring Research 
  2. ^ "Timezone Historical Database". iana.com. Retrieved 2014 March 08. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Estimated exposures and thyroid doses received by the American people from Iodine-131 in fallout following Nevada atmospheric nuclear bomb tests, Chapter 2, National Cancer Institute, 1997, retrieved 2014-01-05 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Radiological Effluents Released from U.S. Continental Tests 1961 Through 1992 (DOE/NV-317 Rev. 1), DOE Nevada Operations Office, retrieved 2013-10-31 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Official list of underground nuclear explosions, Sandia National Laboratories, 1994-07-01, retrieved 2013-12-18 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p United States Nuclear Tests: July 1945 through September 1992 (DOE/NV-209 REV15), Las Vegas, NV: Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office, 2000-12-01, retrieved 2013-12-18 
  7. ^ a b Hechanova, Anthony E.; O'Donnell, James E. (1998-09-25), Estimates of yield for nuclear tests impacting the groundwater at the Nevada Test Site, Nuclear Science and Technology Division 
  8. ^ a b Operation Argus, 1958 (DNA6039F), Washington, DC: Defense Nuclear Agency, Department of Defense, retrieved 26 November 2013